On This Day

December 1909 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 1 1st Christmas Club payment made, to Carlisle Trust Co, Pa
  • Dec 1 1st Israeli kibbutz founded, Deganya Alef

InventionHistoric Invention

Dec 7 Inventor Leo Baekeland patents the first thermo-setting plastic, Bakelite, sparking the birth of the plastics industry

Chemist Leo Baekeland
Chemist
Leo Baekeland
  • Dec 8 Bird banding society found
  • Dec 9 1st US monoplane flown (Henry W Walden, Long Island, NY)

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Swedish writer Selma Lagerlöf is the first woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature

Author and Nobel Laureate Selma Lagerlöf
Author and Nobel Laureate
Selma Lagerlöf
  • Dec 11 Canadian Football exhibition game played in Van Cortlandt Park in Bronx, Hamilton Tigers beat Ottawa Rough Riders, 11-6 before 15,000
  • Dec 16 A conservative revolution and US pressure forces Nicaraguan President Jose Santos from office
  • Dec 17 Leopold II, king of Belgium, died in Laeken after a reign of exactly 44 years
  • Dec 21 1st junior high school established (Berkeley California)
  • Dec 21 Clyde Fitch' "City" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 21 Unitversity of Copenhagen rejects American Explorer Frederick A Cook's claim that he was 1st to North Pole
  • Dec 23 Albert I becomes the third King of the Belgians

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 1 Jan Koplowitz, German writer, born in Kudowa (d. 2001)
  • Dec 6 Kenneth Watkins, British woodland conservationist and founder (The Woodland Trust) (d. 1996)
  • Dec 7 Jacob Kainen, American painter and curator, born in Waterbury, Connecticut (d. 2001)
  • Dec 7 Arch Oboler, American director, screen and radio writer, and producer (Lights Out, Bwana Devil), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1987)
  • Dec 11 Ronald McKie, Australian author (The Mango Tree), born in Toowoomba, Queensland (d. 1991)
  • Dec 12 Armand Boni, Flemish poet and writer, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1991)
  • Dec 14 Edward L Tatum, American molecular geneticist and biochemist (Nobel Prize 1958), born in Boulder, Colorado (d. 1975)
  • Dec 14 Phia Berghout, Dutch harpist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • Dec 16 Henricus Verbunt, civil servant/resistance fighter
  • Dec 19 W.A. Criswell, American (Baptist) preacher (d. 2002)
  • Dec 20 Vakkom Majeed, Indian freedom fighter & politician, born in the Kingdom of Travancore (d. 2000)
  • Dec 21 George Ball, American politician and diplomat (US Ambassador to the UN, Under Secretary of State), born in Des Moines, Iowa (d. 1994)
  • Dec 21 Seichō Matsumoto, Japanese mystery writer and journalist, born in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan (d. 1992)
  • Dec 24 Adam Rapacki, Polish minister of Foreign Affairs (1956-68), born in Lviv, Ukraine (d. 1970)
  • Dec 25 Louis van Lint, Belgian painter (post-war abstraction), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1986)
  • Dec 28 Nikola J Vaptsarov, Bulgaria poet (Subrani Sutsjinenija)

Deaths in History

  • Dec 4 Paul-Albert Besnard, French painter and graphic artist (Elle), dies at 60
  • Dec 7 Whitcomb Judson, American inventor (zipper), dies at 63
  • Dec 10 Red Cloud, Sioux indian chief, dies
  • Dec 11 Innokenty Annensky, Russian poet (b. 1855)
  • Dec 13 Innokenti Annenski, Russian poet and interpreter, dies of heart attack at 54
  • Dec 14 Leopold II, King of Belgium, dies at 74
  • Dec 17 Leopold II, King of Belgium (1865-1909), dies at 74
  • Dec 24 Nicolaas G Pierson, director Suriname/Dutch Bank, dies at 80
  • Dec 26 Frederic Remington, American artist and sculptor of American West, dies at 48