On This Day

1910 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

  • Aug 28 Nicholas I of Montenegro again proclaims himself king (first assumed power 1860) after his reign interrupted by Turkish rule
  • Aug 29 Japan changes Korea's name to Chōsen and appoints a governor-general to rule its new colony.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 31 Theodore Roosevelt makes a speech in Kansas advocating a 'square deal': property shall be 'the servant and not the master of the commonwealth'

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Sep 5 Jack Coombs begins a record streak of 53 shutout innings
  • Sep 6 Saskatchewan (then Regina) Roughrider football club formed
  • Sep 7 In the Hague, the International Court arbitrates a fishing-rights dispute between the US and Newfoundland (still separate from Canada)
  • Sep 10 Great Idaho Fire destroys 3 million acres of timber
  • Sep 12 United States' 1st known female cop appointed, Alice Stebbins Wells by LAPD
  • Sep 15 Boers & Afrikaners win 1st general elections in Union of South-Africa
  • Sep 18 25,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam for general male/female suffrage
  • Sep 19 George Cohan's "Get-Rich-Quick Wallingford" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 22 The Duke of York's Cinema opened in Brighton. It is still operating today, making it the oldest continually operating cinema in Britain
  • Sep 27 1st test flight of a twin-engined airplane (France)
  • Sep 29 National Urban League founded as Committee on Urban Conditions Among Negroes by Ruth Standish Baldwin and Dr. George Edmund Haynes in New York City
  • Oct 1 Berkshire Cattle Fair held in Pittsfield Mass (1st state fair)
  • Oct 1 Explosion at LA Times kills 21

  • Oct 2 1st 2 aircraft collision (Milan Italy)
  • Oct 2 Henry Wijnmalen flies to 2,800m altitude (world record)
  • Oct 4 Portugal becomes a republic, King Manuel II flees to England
  • Oct 4 Adoption of the Flag of Bermuda.
  • Oct 5 Portugal overthrows monarchy, proclaims republic

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Oct 18 E. M. Forster publishes novel "Howards End"

Writer and Novelist E. M. Forster
Writer and Novelist
E. M. Forster
  • Oct 20 The hull of the RMS Olympic, sister-ship to the ill-fated RMS Titanic, is launched from the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland.
  • Oct 22 Dr. Crippen is convicted at the Old Bailey of poisoning his wife and was subsequently hanged at Pentonville Prison in London.
  • Oct 23 Blanche Scott becomes the first woman to fly at a public event in the US at Fort Wayne, Indiana.
  • Oct 23 Ritz Hotel in Madrid opens with 200 chambers and 100 bathtubs

Book releaseHistoric Publication

Nov 1 First issue of "Crisis" published by editor W.E.B. Du Bois

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • Nov 4 Start of South Africa's 1st F-C game in Aust (v S Aust). It rained

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Nov 4 Russian Tsar Nicholas II visits German Emperor Wilhelm II at Potsdam; they force tentative agreements on spheres of influence in the Middle East

Tsar Nicholas II
Tsar
Nicholas II
German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Nov 6 SDAP/NVV initiate campaign for general males/female suffrage
  • Nov 7 The first air freight shipment (from Dayton, Ohio, to Columbus, Ohio) is undertaken by the Wright Brothers and department store owner Max Moorehouse.
  • Nov 8 1st Washington State election in which women could vote
  • Nov 8 For the first time since 1894, the US elects a Democratic Congress, including the first socialist ever to sit in Congress, Victor L Berger of Milwaukee
  • Nov 8 William H. Frost receives the first U.S. patent for an electrical insect destroyer
  • Nov 10 The date of Thomas A. Davis' opening of the San Diego Army and Navy Academy, though the official founding date is November 23, 1910.
  • Nov 14 1st airplane flight from deck of a ship, Norfolk, Virginia
  • Nov 19 Ferenc Molnàr's "Tester" premieres in Budapest
  • Nov 20 Revolution breaks out in Mexico, led by Francisco I. Madero
  • Nov 27 NY's Penn Station opens as world's largest railway terminal
  • Nov 29 The first US patent for inventing the traffic lights system is issued to Ernest Sirrine.
  • Dec 3 Neon lights first publicly displayed (Paris Auto Show)
  • Dec 9 French troops occupy the Moroccan harbor city of Agadir

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Dutch Physicist Johannes van der Waals wins the Nobel Prize for physics

Physicist/Nobel Laureate Johannes van der Waals
Physicist/Nobel Laureate
Johannes van der Waals
  • Dec 19 1st US city ordinance requiring white & black residential areas in Baltimore
  • Dec 19 Rayon 1st commercially produced in Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania
  • Dec 21 Explosion in coal mine in Hulton England, 344 mine workers dies
  • Dec 22 US postal savings stamps 1st issued
  • Dec 24 Luisa Tetrazzini sings to 250,000 people at Lotta's Fountain, San Francisco
  • Dec 31 US tobacco industry produced 9 billion cigarettes in 1910

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 229

  • May 26 Adolfo López Mateos, 48th President of Mexico, born in Atizapán de Zaragoza, State of Mexico, Mexico (d. 1969)
  • May 26 Laurance Rockefeller, American CEO (Chase Manhattan Bank) and philanthropist, born in NYC, New York (d. 2004)
  • May 27 Daniel Greenway, CEO (Daniel Greenway & Sons)
  • May 28 Stuart Piggott, British archaeologist best known for his work on prehistoric Wessex, born in Petersfield, Hampshire (d. 1996)
  • May 29 Agnes Beatrice Read, medical social worker (d. 1996)

Person of interestDorothy Hodgkin

May 29 Dorothy Hodgkin, British chemist who developed protein crystallography, 3rd woman to win a Nobel Prize (1964), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1994)

  • May 31 Francis Avery Jones, British gastro-enterologist
  • Jun 3 Wilfred Thesiger, English explorer and travel writer (Arabian Sands), born in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (d. 2003)
  • Jun 4 Christopher Cockerell, English inventor (Hovercraft), born in Cambridge, England (d. 1999)
  • Jun 4 Jacques Berque, French Islamic scholar, born in Frenda, Algeria (d. 1995)
  • Jun 7 Bradford Washburn, American explorer and cartographer, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2007)
  • Jun 7 Marion Post Wolcott, American photographer during the Great Depression, born in Montclair, New Jersey (d. 1990)
  • Jun 8 Aleksandr Tvardovsky, Russian poet and editor in chief (Novyj Mir), born in Zagorye, Russian Empire (d. 1971) [NS=June 21]
  • Jun 8 John W. Campbell, American sci-fi writer (Moon is Hell), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1971)
  • Jun 8 Fernand Fonssagrives, French photographer, born in Paris (d. 2003)

Person of interestJacques Cousteau

Jun 11 Jacques Cousteau, French oceanic explorer (Calypso), born in Saint-André-de-Cubzac, Gironde, France (d. 1997)

Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist Jacques Cousteau
Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist
Jacques Cousteau
  • Jun 12 Bill Naughton [William John Francis Naughton], English playwright (Alfie), born in Ballyhaunis, Ireland (d. 1992)
  • Jun 13 Mary Whitehouse, English social activist who opposed social liberalism and the mainstream British media, born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England (d. 2001)
  • Jun 13 Gonzalo Torrente Ballester, Spanish writer associated with the Generation of '36 movement, born in Ferrol, Galicia, Spain (d. 1999)
  • Jun 16 Lord Richardson, president (General Medical Council)
  • Jun 16 Richard Maling Barrer, chemist
  • Jun 17 Diana Mitford, English biographer, famous beauty, wife of Oswald Mosley and one of the Mitford sisters, born in London (d. 2003)
  • Jun 19 Frederick Harry Baines, painter
  • Jun 21 Aleksandr Tvardovsky, Russian poet and editor in chief (Novyj Mir), born in Zagorye, Russian Empire (d. 1971) [OS=June 8]

Person of interestJean Anouilh

Jun 23 Jean Anouilh, French dramatist (Antigone, The Lark), born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1987)

Dramatist Jean Anouilh
Dramatist
Jean Anouilh
  • Jun 23 Gordon B. Hinckley, American religious leader, president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (1995-2008), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2008)
  • Jun 26 Charles Spry, Australian soldier and security chief, born in Brisbane, Queensland (d. 1994)
  • Jul 2 H. G. Adler, German writer (The Journey), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1988)
  • Jul 3 Bernard Burrows, British diplomat (d. 2002)
  • Jul 3 Eric Franklin, Indian civil servant
  • Jul 4 Francis D. Foley, US Rear Admiral (WW II, Guadalcanal), born in Dorchester, Massachusetts (d. 1999)
  • Jul 5 Robert K. Meston, American sociologist (functionalism), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2003)
  • Jul 8 Govan AM Mbeki, South African leader (ANC/SACP)
  • Jul 11 John Francis Boyd, journalist
  • Jul 20 Cicely Veronica Wedgwood, British historian (William the Silent)
  • Jul 22 Edith Abbo, daughter of Mien Wenneker/Dutch Prince Henry
  • Jul 24 Edward Ford, courtier in the Royal Household of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II (d. 2006)
  • Jul 24 Harry Horner, Austro-Hungarian-born American stage and film designer (The Heiress), born in Bohemia (now Czech Republic) (d. 1994)
  • Jul 27 Julien Gracq [Louis Poirier], French writer (Andre Breton), born in Saint-Florent-le-Vieil, Maine-et-Loire, France (d. 2007)
  • Jul 28 Bill Goodwin, announcer (Jolson Story, Burns & Allen), born in San Francisco, California
  • Jul 28 Clive Caldwell, Australian fighter pilot who shot down 28.5 aircraft during WWII, born in Lewisham, Australia (d. 1994)
  • Jul 29 Henry Brian Boyne, journalist
  • Jul 30 Edgar de Evia, Mexican-American photographer, born in Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico (d. 2003)
  • Aug 1 Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), German-born war photojournalist who covered the Spanish Civil War, born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1937)
  • Aug 2 Lawrence Josset, British engraver, born in Cambridgeshire, England (d. 1995)
  • Aug 2 Lou Zara, American writer (Stump the Authors), born in NYC, New York (d. 2001)
  • Aug 4 Hedda Sterne, Romanian born American artist, born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 2011)
  • Aug 5 Jacquetta Hawkes, English archaeologist/author (A Country), (d. 1996)
  • Aug 5 [Johan] Erik Lindegren, Swedish poet/librettist (Aniara)
  • Aug 6 Charles Crichton, British director (Battle of Sexes)
  • Aug 6 William J Law, sailor
  • Aug 8 Francisco Brochado Da Rocha, Prime Minister of Brazil (1962)
  • Aug 9 Robert van Gulik, Dutch diplomat and writer (Judge Dee), born in Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1967)
  • Aug 10 Angus Campbell, American psychologist (Elections & Political Order)
  • Aug 12 Baroness Phillips, pres/general secretary (National Association of Women)
  • Aug 12 Yusof bin Ishak, first President of Singapore (d. 1970)
  • Aug 15 Josef Klaus, Chancellor of Austria (1966-70), born in Kötschach-Mauthen, Austria (d. 1964)
  • Aug 17 Johan Manusama, Moluccan politician, born in Banjarmasin, Indonesia (d. 1995)
  • Aug 18 Charles Wegg-Prosser, solicitor
  • Aug 19 Quentin Bell, artist author/teacher
  • Aug 20 Eero Saarinen, Finnish-American architect (IBM Building, MIT Chapel), born in Kirkkonummi, Finland (d. 1961)
  • Aug 25 J. B. Charles [Willem H. Nagel], Dutch criminologist and writer, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1983)
  • Aug 25 Dorothea Tanning, American artist (Nachtmusik, 1943, Night Shadow, 1945), born in Galesburg, Illinois (d. 2012)

Person of interestMother Teresa

Aug 26 Mother Teresa [Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu], Albanian-born Indian nun and founder of Missionaries of Charity (Nobel Peace Prize, 1979), born in Skopje, Ottoman Empire (d. 1997)

Catholic Missionary Mother Teresa
Catholic Missionary
Mother Teresa
  • Aug 28 Tjalling Koopmans, Dutch-American economist (Nobel 1975), born in 's-Graveland, Netherlands (d. 1985)
  • Aug 29 Georges Loinger, French resistance fighter (WWII), born in Strasbourg, France (d. 2018)
  • Sep 6 Frank Fidler, English artist, born in London (d. 1995)
  • Sep 14 Gaston Defferre, French Socialist politician, born in Marsillargues, France (d. 1986)
  • Sep 14 Yiannis Latsis, Greek shipping tycoon, born in Katakolo, Greece (d. 2003)
  • Sep 14 Yi Sang, Korean author and poet (Dying Words, Wings, Child’s Bone), born in Jongro, Seoul (d. 1937)
  • Sep 15 George D Kilpatrick, Canadian/British bible scholar
  • Sep 15 Richard Baerlein, racing writer
  • Sep 16 Erich Kempka, German chauffeur to Adolf Hitler, born in Oberhausen, Germany (d. 1975)
  • Sep 17 Vernon Thompson, thoracic surgeon
  • Sep 18 Hendrik Cornelis, Belgian colonial civil servant and Governor-General of the Belgian Congo, born in Oudenaarde, Belgium (d. 1999)
  • Sep 23 Elliot Roosevelt, son of FDR/writer (Murder in the Oval Office)
  • Sep 24 Cao Yu, Huaju writer (Peking Man), born in Tianjin, China (d. 1996)
  • Sep 24 Leon MacLaren, British philosopher and founder of the LSE, born in Glasgow (d. 1994)
  • Sep 27 Giles Playfair, English writer, born in Kensington, London (d. 1996)
  • Sep 28 Diosdado Macapagal, President of the Philippines (1961-65)
  • Oct 1 Fritz Köberle, Austrian-born physician (d. 1983)
  • Oct 1 José Enrique Moyal, Australian mathematical physicist (d. 1998)

Person of interestBonnie Parker

Oct 1 Bonnie Parker, American outlaw of Bonnie and Clyde fame, born in Rowena, Texas (d. 1934)

American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker
  • Oct 6 Barbara Castle, British politician (d. 2002)
  • Oct 7 Henry P. McIlhenny, American philanthropist (d. 1986)
  • Oct 8 Gus Hall, American union organizer and head of the U.S. Communist Party, born in Cherry Township, Minnesota (d. 2000)
  • Oct 9 Donald Coggan, 101st Archbishop of Canterbury (1974-80), born in Highgate, London (d. 2000)
  • Oct 10 Price Daniel, American politician (38th Governor of Texas), born in Dayton, Texas (d. 1988)
  • Oct 11 Francis James Claude Piggott, soldier, born in Tokyo (d. 1996)
  • Oct 11 Joseph Alsop, American political newspaper columnist (Men Around the President), born in Avon, Connecticut (d. 1989)
  • Oct 12 Robert Fitzgerald, American poet and translator, born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1985)
  • Oct 14 Jozef Keuleers, Belgian worker's union leader, born in Watermael-Boitsfort, Brussels (d. 1986)
  • Oct 19 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, India, astrophysicist (Nobel 1983)
  • Oct 25 William Higinbotham, American physicist (member of team who developed first nuclear bomb), born in Bridgeport, Connecticut (d. 1994)
  • Oct 26 John Krol, American former archbishop of Philadelphia (1961-88), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1996)
  • Oct 27 Bryan Guinness, 2nd Baron Moyne and Guinness brewing heir, born in Mandatory Palestine (d. 1992)
  • Oct 29 A. J. Ayer, English Neopositivist philosopher (Logical Positivism), born in London (d. 1989)
  • Oct 30 Miguel Hernadez Gilabert, Spanish poet (Viento del Pueblo), born in Orihuela, Spain (d. 1942)
  • Nov 2 Fouad Serageddin, Egyptian politician and leader of Egypt's Wafd Party (d. 1999)
  • Nov 11 Israel Eldad, Israeli Revisionist Zionist philosopher and member of the pre-state underground group Lehi, born in Pidvolochysk, Galicia (d. 1996)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History