On This Day

April 1912 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 2 Sun Yet Sen forms Guomindang Party in China

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 2 Titanic undergoes sea trials under its own power

Captain of the Titanic Edward Smith
Captain of the Titanic
Edward Smith
  • Apr 4 Army fires on striking mine workers at Lena-gold fields in Siberia
  • Apr 4 Chinese republic proclaimed in Tibet
  • Apr 8 Steamers collide on the Nile, drowning 200
  • Apr 10 RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton for her maiden (and final) voyage
  • Apr 11 RMS Titanic leaves Queenstown, Ireland, for NY
  • Apr 11 Cornerstone of Technion laid in Haifa, Palestine
  • Apr 11 The UK Parliament introduce a Irish home rule bill, granting Ireland its own bicameral parliament and be required to send a representative to the British House of Commons; Protestants in Ulster resist
  • Apr 13 Royal Flying Corps forms (later Royal Air Force)

Sinking ShipThe Titanic Sinks

Apr 14 RMS Titanic hits an iceberg at 11.40pm off Newfoundland

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The wreck of the RMS Titanic at the bottom of the ocean, photographed in 2004
The wreck of the RMS Titanic at the bottom of the ocean, photographed in 2004
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Iceberg Sinks 'Unsinkable' TitanicIceberg Sinks 'Unsinkable' Titanic

Apr 15 RMS Titanic sinks at 2:27 AM off Newfoundland as the band plays on, with the loss of between 1,490 and 1,635 people

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How one American newspaper reported the Titanic disaster
How one American newspaper reported the Titanic disaster
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  • Apr 16 Harriet Quimby becomes 1st woman pilot to fly across English Channel
  • Apr 18 Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City
  • Apr 18 Tripolitan War: in continuing hostilities, Turkey closes the Dardanelles Straits after an Italian naval bombardment of the coastline
  • Apr 27 Relief laws in Netherlands replace those of 1854
  • Apr 29 108°F (42°C), Tuguegarao, Philippines (Oceania record)

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 3 Addeke H Boerma, Dutch economist and general manager (FAO) (d. 1992)
  • Apr 3 Bert Bakker, Dutch publisher (Free Netherlands), born in Huizum, Netherlands (d. 1969)
  • Apr 7 John Adrian Hope, politician/businessman
  • Apr 9 Wilson Charles Geoffrey Baldwin, hero, born in Tendring, Essex (d. 1994)
  • Apr 9 Lew Kopelew, Russian author, born in Kiev, Russian Empire (d. 1997)
  • Apr 10 Roy Hofheinz, American judge and engineer (Houston Astrodome), born in Beaumont, Texas (d. 1982)
  • Apr 12 Georges Franju, French film director (Judex; Les Yeux sans visage - Eyes Without A Face), born in Fougères, Ille-et-Vilaine, France (d. 1987)
  • Apr 12 Harold Maguire, British air marshal, born in Kilkishen, Ireland (d. 2001)
  • Apr 13 Roy Winsor, American producer (Search for Tomorrow, Love of Life), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1987)
  • Apr 14 Robert Doisneau, French photographer (The Kiss), born in Gentilly, Val-de-Marne, France (d. 1994)

Person of interestKim Il-sung

Apr 15 Kim Il-sung, Founder, dictator and Supreme Leader of North-Korea (1948-94), born in Mangyongdae, Japanese Korea (d. 1994)

North Korean Founder and Dictator Kim Il-sung
North Korean Founder and Dictator
Kim Il-sung
  • Apr 16 John Halas, Hungarian-American cartoonist and animator (Animal Farm), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1995)
  • Apr 16 Garth Williams, American illustrator (Charlotte's Web), born in NYC, New York (d. 1996)
  • Apr 17 Isador Caplan, British lawyer and Aldeburgh Festival pioneer, born in Blackpool, England (d. 1995)
  • Apr 19 Glenn T. Seaborg, American chemist (AEC, Plutonium, Nobel 1951), born in Ishpeming, Michigan (d. 1999)
  • Apr 19 William Murray, British teacher and educationalist, born in County Londonderry, Northern Ireland (d. 1995)
  • Apr 20 Ed Jones, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee, born in Yorkville, Tennessee (d. 1999)
  • Apr 20 Frederick Craig Riddle, British violist, born in Liverpool (d. 1995)
  • Apr 20 Soewarsih Djojopoespito, Indonesian writer (Toe the Line), born in Bogor, Indonesia (d. 1977)
  • Apr 21 Eve Arnold, photojournalist (Marilyn Monroe) (d. 2012), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Apr 25 Gladys Presley, mother of Elvis, born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1958)
  • Apr 26 A. E. van Vogt, Canadian sci-fi author (Wizard of Linn), born in Gretna, Manitoba, Canada (d. 2000)
  • Apr 27 Franz Weyergans, Belgian writer and translator (Les Gens Heureux), born in Seraing, Belgium (d. 1974)
  • Apr 27 Frederick R. Weisman, philanthropist, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1994)
  • Apr 28 Odette Hallowes, British classified agent in France (WWII), born in Amiens, France (d. 1995)
  • Apr 29 Italo Valenti, Italian sculptor, born in Milan (d. 1995)
  • Apr 29 Terence de Vere White, Irish novelist (An Affair with the Moon), born in Dublin (d. 1994)
  • Apr 30 Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado, Deputy Prime Minister of Spain (1976-81) and Minister of Defense (1977-79), born in Madrid (d. 1995)

Weddings in History

LoveWedding of Interest

Apr 9 Detective writer Erle Stanley Gardner (22) weds Natalie Talbert

Detective Writer Erle Stanley Gardner
Detective Writer
Erle Stanley Gardner

Deaths in History

  • Apr 4 Isaac Kauffman Funk, American publisher (Funk & Wagnalls), dies at 72
  • Apr 4 Charles Brantley Aycock, 50th Governor of North Carolina (1901-05), dies at 52

Person of interestClara Barton

Apr 12 Clara Barton, American nurse and founder of the American Red Cross, dies of tuberculosis at 90

Pioneering Nurse and Humanitarian Clara Barton
Pioneering Nurse and Humanitarian
Clara Barton
  • Apr 13 Ishikawa Takuboku, Japanese author, dies at 26
  • Apr 14 Henri Brisson, French statesman (b. 1835)

Person of interestEdward Smith

Apr 15 Edward Smith, English naval captain of the RMS Titanic, dies when the ship sinks in the Atlantic Ocean aged 62

Captain of the Titanic Edward Smith
Captain of the Titanic
Edward Smith
  • Apr 15 John Jacob Astor IV, American businessman & soldier (richest passenger aboard the Titanic), dies aboard the Titanic at 47
  • Apr 15 William T. Stead, British newspaper editor (The Pall Mall Gazette), dies in the sinking of the Titanic at 62

Person of interestBram Stoker

Apr 20 Bram Stoker, Irish theater manager and writer (Dracula), dies at 64

Novelist Bram Stoker
Novelist
Bram Stoker
  • Apr 24 Justin M'Carthy, Irish politician and novelist (Miss Misanthrope), dies at 81