On This Day

August 1912 in History

Events in History

  • Aug 5 Japan's first taxicab service begins in Ginza, Tokyo

Presidential Convention

Aug 7 Progressive (Bull Moose) Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for US President

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Aug 14 2,500 US marines invade Nicaragua; US remains until 1925
  • Aug 19 Percy Grainger's orchestral piece "Shepherd's Hey" premieres
  • Aug 20 Plant Quarantine Act goes into effect
  • Aug 21 Francis Carter-Cotton chosen 1st chancellor of University of British Columbia
  • Aug 22 England defeat Australia to win the Triangular Tournament
  • Aug 24 District of Alaska becomes an organized incorporated territory of the United States
  • Aug 24 US passes Anti-gag law, federal employees right to petition government
  • Aug 25 1st time an aircraft recovers from a spin
  • Aug 25 Different nationalities battle with each other in Macedonia
  • Aug 25 The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded.

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 1 Bryan Keith-Lucas, British political scientist, born in Fen Ditton, Cambridgeshire (d. 1996)
  • Aug 1 Masaya Hanai, Japanese businessman (d. 1995)
  • Aug 2 Bela Szigeti, Hungarian theoretical physicist, born in Budapest (d. 1996)
  • Aug 2 Vladimir Žerjavić, Croatian economist and UN statistician, born in Križ, Moslavania, Croatia (d. 2001)
  • Aug 4 Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish diplomat in WW II (saved 10,000s of Jews), born in Lidingö Municipality, Sweden (d. 1947)
  • Aug 4 Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician, physicist, philosopher, and mountaineer, born in Volyn, Ryazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1999)
  • Aug 5 Abbé Pierre, French Catholic priest (d. 2007)
  • Aug 8 Daniel Mann [Chugerman], American stage and screen director (The Rose Tattoo; The Teahouse Of The August Moon; Butterfield 8), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 10 Izaak Samkalden, Dutch Minister of Justice (PvdA)/mayor of Amsterdam
  • Aug 10 Jorge Amado, Brazilian writer (O Pais do Carnaval)
  • Aug 11 Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (d. 1954)
  • Aug 13 Metten Koornstra, Dutch painter and graphic artist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1978)
  • Aug 13 Salvador Luria, Italian-American microbiologist (Nobel Prize for medicine 1969 genetic structure of viruses), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1991)
  • Aug 14 Eva Strittmatter, German writer (Tinko), born in Spremberg, Niederlausitz, Germany (d. 1930)
  • Aug 15 Wijnanda M C "Nan" Aberson, friend of Gerard Reve Sr
  • Aug 16 Marga Klompé, Dutch 1st female minister (CRM), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1986)
  • Aug 17 Edgar Fernhout, Dutch painter, son of Charley Toorop
  • Aug 18 Elsa Morante, Italian writer, born in Rome (d. 1985)
  • Aug 20 Philip Kapleau, American Zen teacher and founder (Rochester Zen Center in New Haven), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 2004)
  • Aug 21 Man Singh II, Maharajah of Jaipur State, born in Rajuptana Agency (d. 1970)
  • Aug 22 Edith Porada, Austrian art historian and archaeologist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1994)
  • Aug 22 Richard Catling, British commissioner of police (Kenya), born in Leiston, Suffolk (d. 2005)
  • Aug 23 Jara Ribnikar, Serbian writer, born in Königgrätz, Bohemia (d. 2007)
  • Aug 23 Harry Kissin, Baron Kissin, British businessman and President (GPG), born in Gdańsk, Poland (d. 1997)
  • Aug 25 Erich Honecker, German politician, Head of State of East Germany (1971-89), born in Neunkirchen (d. 1994)
  • Aug 27 Peter Gretton, British vice admiral, born in Franham, Surrey (d. 1992)
  • Aug 28 Ruurd Faber, Dutch politcian and Mayor of Aalten (1971-75), born in Veenhuizen, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • Aug 29 Emil Schumacher, German painter (Tangible Objects), born in Hagen, Germany (d. 1999)
  • Aug 30 Edward Mills Purcell, American physicist (Nobel 1952), born in Taylorville, Illinois (d. 1997)
  • Aug 30 Nancy Wake, New Zealand-born World War II secret agent (Special Operations Executive), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 2011)

Weddings in History

Niels Bohr

Aug 1 Physicist Niels Bohr (26) weds Margrethe Norlund at a civil ceremony in Slagelse, Denmark

Nobel Prize Winning Physicist Niels Bohr
Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Niels Bohr

Virginia Woolf

Aug 10 British literary figure (author of "To the Lighthouse") Virginia Woolf [nee Stephen] (30) weds political theorist Leonard Woolf (31)


Deaths in History

  • Aug 7 François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss hydrologist (b. 1841)
  • Aug 13 Octavia Hill, British reformer, leader of open-space movement, dies of cancer at 73

William Booth

Aug 20 William Booth, English preacher and founder of the Salvation Army, dies at 83 [1]

Co-founder of the Salvation Army William Booth
Co-founder of the Salvation Army
William Booth
  • Aug 24 Alfred Berger, Austrian playwright, dies at 59