On This Day

December 1912 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 3 Gerrit Brinkman becomes 1st Dutch traffic officer
  • Dec 3 Turkey, Serbia, Montenegro, Greece & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • Dec 3 First Balkan War: The Naval Battle of Elli takes place.
  • Dec 5 The Triple Alliance among Italy, Austria, and Germany (originally signed in 1882) is renewed for six years, beginning in 1914, a move inspired by instability in the Balkans
  • Dec 6 China votes for universal human rights
  • Dec 7 Bust of Queen Nefertiti found in El-Amarna, Egypt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 8 Wilhelm II of Germany calls 'War Council'

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Nobel Prize for Physics awarded to Gustaf Dalén for inventing automatic regulators for gas accumulators for lighthouses and buoys

Industrialist and Inventor Gustaf Dalén
Industrialist and Inventor
Gustaf Dalén
  • Dec 16 1st US postage stamp picturing an airplane, 20 cent parcel post, issued
  • Dec 16 Austria-Hungary engage in conflict with Serbia
  • Dec 16 First Balkan War: The Ottoman Navy is defeated by the Royal Hellenic Navy at the Battle of Eli
  • Dec 17 Albania's de facto independence from the Ottoman Empire is recognized at the London Conference of Ambassadors

Bare Bones of the Great Ape-Man HoaxBare Bones of the Great Ape-Man Hoax

Dec 18 Piltdown Man, later discovered to be a hoax, is supposedly found in the Piltdown Gravel Pit, by Charles Dawson.

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A replica of the Piltdown skull.
A replica of the Piltdown skull.
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  • Dec 20 J Hartley Manners' "Peg O' My Heart" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 20 Paul Claudels "L'Annonce Faite à Marie" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 21 Denmark, Norway & Sweden declare neutrality in Comende war
  • Dec 23 1st "Keystone Kops" film, entitled "Hoffmeyer's Legacy"
  • Dec 23 Aswan Low Dam in Nile begins operation

AssassinationAssassination Attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge

Dec 23 Indian revolutionary underground in Bengal and Punjab, headed by Rash Behari Bose attempt to assassinate Viceroy of India Lord Hardinge, by throwing homemade bomb into Viceroys's Howdah (elephant carriage) during ceremonial procession in Delhi. Although wounded, the Viceroy survives. Investigations lead to the Delhi conspiracy trial.

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An assassination attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge (1858-1944) Viceroy of India, illustration from 'Le Petit Journal'
An assassination attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge (1858-1944) Viceroy of India, illustration from 'Le Petit Journal'
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  • Dec 24 Irving Fisher patents archiving system with index cards
  • Dec 28 National Council of Young Israel convenes
  • Dec 28 1st municipally owned streetcars take to the streets in San Francisco, California as SF Municipal Railway starts operation at Geary St (MUNI)

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 1 Minoru Yamasaki, architect (World Trade Center, NY)
  • Dec 4 Ian Wallace [John Wallace Pritchard], American sci-fi author (Megalomania), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1998)
  • Dec 4 Pappy Boyington, American combat pilot (United States Marine Corps fighter ace during World War II), born in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho (d. 1988)
  • Dec 5 Maisie Fitter, editor and conservationist (d. 1996)
  • Dec 8 Jura Soyfer, Austrian political journalist and cabaret writer, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1939)
  • Dec 9 Tip O'Neill, American politician and 47th speaker of the house (D-Ma: 1977-86), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1994)
  • Dec 10 Philip Hart, American lawyer and politician (U.S. Senator from Michigan), born in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania (d. 1976)
  • Dec 18 Benjamin O. Davis Jr., American General (d. 2002)
  • Dec 22 Claudia A. "Lady Bird" Taylor Johnson, American first lady (1963-1969), born in Karnack, Texas (d. 2007)
  • Dec 22 Doris Duke, American heiress (American Tobacco Co.), born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 25 Herman W Filarski, Dutch bridge journalist
  • Dec 25 Willian Noel Moffet, architect
  • Dec 31 John Frost, British airborne officer, born in Pune, India (d. 1993)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Dec 19 Author Colette (39) weds "Le Matin" newspaper editor Henri de Jouvenel

Novelist and Performer Colette
Novelist and Performer
Colette

Deaths in History

  • Dec 3 Prudente José de Morais Barros, 3rd President of Brazil (1894-98), dies at 61
  • Dec 7 George Darwin, theorized Moon was pulled out of Pacific Ocean, dies
  • Dec 12 Luitpold von Bayern, prince-regent of Bayern, dies at 91
  • Dec 14 Belgrave Edward Sutton Ninnis, British Army lieutenant, dies at 25
  • Dec 23 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist, dies at 62
  • Dec 30 Alfred von Kiderlen-Wächter, German foreign minister, dies at 60