March 1912 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 Isabella Goodwin appointed first US woman detective, NYC
  • Mar 1 U.S. Army Captain Albert Berry performs first (attached-type) parachute jump from an airplane
  • Mar 5 Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.
  • Mar 5 Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks NE of Spain, 500 die

Scientific Discovery

Mar 7 Norweigan explorer Roald Amundsen announces his team was the first to reach the South Pole (located 14 December 1911), 34 days before British explorer Robert Falcon Scott

Election of Interest

Mar 11 Eleftherios Venizelos, leader of the Liberal Party, wins the Greek elections again.

Event of Interest

Mar 12 Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low

  • Mar 13 Bulgaria and Serbia conclude an alliance pact ostensibly against Austria, but it secretly provides for a possible war against Turkey
  • Mar 14 King Vittorio Emanuel III of Italy injured in an assassination attempt
  • Mar 17 Camp Fire Girls organization announced by Mrs Luther Halsey Gulick
  • Mar 27 US First Lady Helen Herron Taft and the Viscountess Chinda, wife of the Japanese Ambassador, plant two Yoshino cherry trees on the bank of the Tidal Basin, Washington, D.C. [1]

Event of Interest

Mar 29 Captain Robert Falcon Scott, storm-bound in a tent near South Pole, makes last entry in his diary "the end cannot be far"

  • Mar 30 French protectorate in Morocco established

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 1 Gerald Emmett Carter, Canadian Catholic clergyman (Archbishop of Toronto, 1978-90; Cardinal 1979-2003), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2003)
  • Mar 4 Afro Basaldella, Italian painter (The Garden of Hope), born in Udine, Italy (d. 1976)
  • Mar 4 Carl Marzani, Italian-born American leftwing political activist, publisher and documentarian, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1994)
  • Mar 6 Madge Adam, English solar astronomer (1st solar physicist at Oxford university's observatory), born in London, England (d. 2001)
  • Mar 8 Preston Smith, 40th Governor of Texas, born in Williamson County, Texas (d. 2003)
  • Mar 11 Robert Clifford Latham, English Pepys scholar, born in Audley, England (d. 1995)
  • Mar 12 Irving Layton, Canadian poet (d. 2006)
  • Mar 12 Kylie Tennant, Australian novelist (Battlers, Lost Haven), born in Manly, Australia (d. 1988)
  • Mar 13 James Friell, Scottish political cartoonist (Daily Worker), born in Glasgow (d. 1997)
  • Mar 15 Louis Paul Boon, Belgian writer (Kapellekensbaan), born in Aalst, Belgium (d. 1979)
  • Mar 16 (Thelma Catherine) "Pat" Nixon [née Ryan], American First Lady (1969-74), born in Ely, Nevada (d. 1993)
  • Mar 19 Adolf Galland, German WWII flying ace and general (104 aerial victories, for the Luftwaffe), born in Westerholt, Germany (d. 1996)
  • Mar 22 Agnes Martin, Canadian-American abstract painter, born in Macklin, Saskatchewan (d. 2004)
  • Mar 22 Henri Rousselot, French admiral (submarine commander during WWII), born in Lorraine, France (d. 1994)

Dorothy Height (1912-2010)

Mar 24 American civil rights and women's rights activist (National Council of Negro Women), born in Richmond, Virginia

James Callaghan (1912-2005)

Mar 27 British Prime Minister (Labour: 1976-79), born in Portsmouth, England

  • Mar 28 A. Bertram Chandler, Anglo-Australian mariner and sci-fi author (Empress of Outer Space), born in Aldershot, England (d. 1984)
  • Mar 28 Marina Raskova, Russian navigator, born in Moscow (d. 1943)
  • Mar 29 Hanna Reitsch, German aviator and test pilot, born in Hirschberg, Silesia (d. 1979)
  • Mar 30 (Andrew) Rodger Waterson, Scottish zoologist, specializing in malacology (mollusks) and entomology (insects), born in Ollaberry, Shetland, Scotland (d. 1996)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 1 Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg, Danish politician (Council President of Denmark), dies at 72
  • Mar 6 August Toepler, German physicist, dies at 75
  • Mar 17 Lawrence "Titus" Oates, British explorer (Antarctica), sacrifices himself during the Terra Nova Expedition at 32
  • Mar 22 Henry Harrison Walker, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 79

Robert Falcon Scott (1868-1912)

Mar 29 British explorer and leader of the ill-fated south pole expedition, dies in Antarctica at 43

  • Mar 30 Karl May, German writer (Winnetou, Kara Ben Nemsi), dies at 70