On This Day

1912 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

  • Aug 19 Percy Grainger's "Shepherd's Hey" premieres
  • Aug 20 Plant Quarantine Act goes into effect
  • Aug 21 Francis Carter-Cotton chosen 1st chancellor of University of British Columbia
  • Aug 22 England defeat Australia to win the Triangular Tournament
  • Aug 24 District of Alaska becomes an organized incorporated territory of the United States
  • Aug 24 US passes Anti-gag law, federal employees right to petition government
  • Aug 25 1st time an aircraft recovers from a spin
  • Aug 25 Different nationalities battle with each other in Macedonia
  • Aug 25 The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded.
  • Sep 4 First accident (collision) in London Underground: 22 people injured
  • Sep 6 NY Giant Jeff Tesreau no-hits Philadelphia, 3-0
  • Sep 9 J Verdrines becomes 1st to fly over 100 mph (107 mph/172 kph)
  • Sep 12 Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC)
  • Sep 15 War between Turkey & Montenegro breaks out in Albania
  • Sep 19 Pius X encyclical Singular quadam, against interconfess unions
  • Sep 25 Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York City

  • Sep 28 SS Kichemaru disappears in storm off Japanese coast, 1,000 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, at invitation of Gandhi, arrives in South Africa on a 26-day tour; he also visits Tolstoy Farm

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Oct 6 Pirates Owen "Chief" Wilson hits record 36th triple of season
  • Oct 7 The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction.
  • Oct 8 Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning 1st Balkan War
  • Oct 14 Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt shot while campaigning in Milwaukee
  • Oct 14 Cretan representatives are admitted to the Greek assembly; in doing so the Greek Government challenges the Turkish Government
  • Oct 17 Bulgaria, Greece & Serbia declares war on Turkey

Declaration of WarItalo-Turkish War

Oct 18 The Treaty of Lausanne ends the Italo-Turkish War; Italy annexes Libya

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Italian airships bomb Turkish positions. The Italo-Turkish War was the first conflict to feature aerial bombardment.
Italian airships bomb Turkish positions. The Italo-Turkish War was the first conflict to feature aerial bombardment.
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  • Oct 18 The First Balkan War breaks out, with Bulgaria, Serbia, and Greece opposed to Turkey
  • Oct 19 Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control
  • Oct 20 Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St NYC
  • Oct 26 Serbian troops over run Skopje (Uskup)
  • Oct 26 Woolwich Foot Tunnel under the Thames river in England opens
  • Nov 5 Arizona, Kansas & Wisconsin vote for female suffrage
  • Nov 5 Bulgarian troops in Constantinople blockade drinking water

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 5 Democrat candidate Woodrow Wilson is elected President of the United States, defeating Republican incumbent William Howard Taft and Progressive candidate Theodore Roosevelt

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Nov 9 Ferenc Molnàr's "Farkas" premieres in Budapest
  • Nov 9 Ottoman garrison surrenders Thessaloniki / Salonika to the Greek army (OS Oct 27)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 12 British explorer Robert Falcon Scott's diary & body found in Antarctica

Polar Explorer Robert Falcon Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Falcon Scott

  • Nov 18 Cholera breaks out in Constantinople, in the Ottoman Empire
  • Nov 23 Hamilton Alerts suspended by ORFU for refusing to field a full team in a replay of a protested game
  • Nov 24 Conflict in the Balkans grows into an acute international crisis with major powers supporting either Austria or Serbia
  • Nov 25 American College of Surgeons incorporates in Springield, Illinois
  • Nov 25 Socialist International rejects that world war is coming
  • Nov 27 Albanian National Flag adopted
  • Nov 27 Spanish protectorate in Morocco forms
  • Nov 28 Ismail Qemali declares Albania independent from Turkey in Vlorë
  • Dec 3 Gerrit Brinkman becomes 1st Dutch traffic officer
  • Dec 3 Turkey, Serbia, Montenegro, Greece & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • Dec 3 First Balkan War: The Naval Battle of Elli takes place.
  • Dec 5 The Triple Alliance among Italy, Austria, and Germany (originally signed in 1882) is renewed for six years, beginning in 1914, a move inspired by instability in the Balkans
  • Dec 6 China votes for universal human rights
  • Dec 7 Bust of Queen Nefertiti found in El-Amarna, Egypt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 8 Wilhelm II of Germany calls 'War Council'

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Nobel Prize for Physics awarded to Gustaf Dalén for inventing automatic regulators for gas accumulators for lighthouses and buoys

Industrialist and Inventor Gustaf Dalén
Industrialist and Inventor
Gustaf Dalén
  • Dec 16 1st US postage stamp picturing an airplane, 20 cent parcel post, issued
  • Dec 16 Austria-Hungary engage in conflict with Serbia
  • Dec 16 First Balkan War: The Ottoman Navy is defeated by the Royal Hellenic Navy at the Battle of Eli
  • Dec 17 Albania's de facto independence from the Ottoman Empire is recognized at the London Conference of Ambassadors

Bare Bones of the Great Ape-Man HoaxBare Bones of the Great Ape-Man Hoax

Dec 18 Piltdown Man, later discovered to be a hoax, is supposedly found in the Piltdown Gravel Pit, by Charles Dawson.

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A replica of the Piltdown skull.
A replica of the Piltdown skull.
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  • Dec 20 J Hartley Manners' "Peg O' My Heart" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 20 Paul Claudels "L'Annonce Faite à Marie" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 21 Denmark, Norway & Sweden declare neutrality in Comende war
  • Dec 23 1st "Keystone Kops" film, entitled "Hoffmeyer's Legacy"
  • Dec 23 Aswan Low Dam in Nile begins operation

AssassinationAssassination Attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge

Dec 23 Indian revolutionary underground in Bengal and Punjab, headed by Rash Behari Bose attempt to assassinate Viceroy of India Lord Hardinge, by throwing homemade bomb into Viceroys's Howdah (elephant carriage) during ceremonial procession in Delhi. Although wounded, the Viceroy survives. Investigations lead to the Delhi conspiracy trial.

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An assassination attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge (1858-1944) Viceroy of India, illustration from 'Le Petit Journal'
An assassination attempt on Lord Charles Hardinge (1858-1944) Viceroy of India, illustration from 'Le Petit Journal'
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  • Dec 24 Irving Fisher patents archiving system with index cards
  • Dec 28 National Council of Young Israel convenes
  • Dec 28 1st municipally owned streetcars take to the streets in San Francisco, California as SF Municipal Railway starts operation at Geary St (MUNI)

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 276

  • Apr 27 Franz Weyergans, Belgian writer and translator (Les Gens Heureux), born in Seraing, Belgium (d. 1974)
  • Apr 27 Frederick R. Weisman, philanthropist, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1994)
  • Apr 28 Odette Hallowes, British classified agent in France (WWII), born in Amiens, France (d. 1995)
  • Apr 29 Italo Valenti, Italian sculptor, born in Milan (d. 1995)
  • Apr 29 Terence de Vere White, Irish novelist (An Affair with the Moon), born in Dublin (d. 1994)
  • Apr 30 Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado, Deputy Prime Minister of Spain (1976-81) and Minister of Defense (1977-79), born in Madrid (d. 1995)
  • May 1 Otto Kretschmer, German U-Boat commander, born in Heidau, Neisse, Province of Silesia, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1998)
  • May 2 Axel Springer, German newspaper magnate (Bild Zeitung), born in Altona, Hamburg, German Empire (d. 1985)
  • May 2 Marten Toonder, Dutch comic writer and cartoonist (Tom Puss), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • May 3 Eleanore "May" Sarton, Belgian-American writer (Land of Silence), born in Wondelgem, Belgium (d. 1995)
  • May 5 Fenton Morley, British parish priest who chaired the Church of England Morley Commission, born in Wales (d. 1995)
  • May 6 B. Roest Crollius, Dutch painter and writer (Chronicle Sins of Youth), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 2000)
  • May 6 Hugh Martell, British Vice Admiral, born in Penzance, Cornwall, England (d. 1998)
  • May 7 Paul Brenneker, Neth/Antillian photographer and folklorist, born in Venlo, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • May 8 George Woodcock, Canadian writer of political biography and history (Anarchism: A History of Libertarian Ideas and Movements), born in Winnipeg, Manitoba (d. 1995)
  • May 8 Gertrud Fussenegger [Dorn], Austrian writer (Mohrenlegende)
  • May 9 Per Imerslund, "The aryan idol" (d. 1943)
  • May 10 Edward Gardner, Queen's Court/MP
  • May 12 Archibald Cox, U.S. Solicitor General (d. 2004)
  • May 13 Judah Nadich, American rabbi (d. 2007)
  • May 14 Marguerite Fawdry, museum curator
  • May 15 Alexis Kagame, Rwanda, priest/writer
  • May 16 Studs Terkel, American author/host (Stud's Place, Working), born in NYC, New York
  • May 17 Archibald Cox, American lawyer and special prosecutor (Watergate), born in Plainfield, New Jersey (d. 2004)
  • May 18 Georg von Opel, German auto manufacturer
  • May 18 Richard Brooks, director (Blackboard Jungle, In Cold Blood), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • May 20 Joseph Proce, 3rd victim of NYC's Zodiac killer (survives)
  • May 21 John Curtis Gowan, American psychologist (d. 1986)
  • May 23 David Barran, CEO (Midland Bank, England)
  • May 23 Samuel Curran, vice chancellor (Strathclyde University)
  • May 25 Princess Deokhye of Korea, last princess of the Korean Empire, born in Changdeok Palace, Keijo, Japanese Korea (d. 1989)
  • May 26 Janos Kádár, 46th Prime Minister of Hungary 5th Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the People's Republic of Hungary (1956-58), born in Fiume, Austria-Hungary (d. 1989)
  • May 27 John Cheever, American writer (Wapshot Chronicle, Pulitzer), born in Quincy, Massachusetts (d. 1982)
  • May 28 Leslie Monson, British High Commissioner to Zambia
  • May 28 Patrick White, Australian novelist and playwright (Happy Valley, Nobel Prize for Literature 1973), born in London, England (d. 1990)
  • May 28 Herman Johannes, Indonesian scientist and politician (d. 1992)
  • May 29 Jan Hanlo, Dutch poet (Go to the Mosque), born in Bandung, Dutch East Indies (d. 1969)
  • May 29 Lucie Aubrac [Bernard], history teacher and French resistance member, born in Paris, France (d. 2007)
  • May 30 Alexander Langsdorf, physicist
  • May 30 Joseph Stein, American dramatist and playwright (Fiddler on the Roof), born in NYC, New York (d. 2010)
  • May 30 Julian Gustave Symons, writer
  • May 31 Henry M "Scoop" Jackson, (Sen-D-Wash)
  • May 31 Martin Schwarzschild, US astronomer (evolution)
  • May 31 Chien-Shiung Wu, Chinese-American experimental physicist (conducted the Wu experiment), born in Liuhe, China (d. 1997)
  • Jun 3 Richard D'Aeth, president (Hughes Hall Cambridge)
  • Jun 3 William Douglas-Home, playwright (Now .. Barabbas)
  • Jun 4 Robert Jacobsen, Danish sculptor (great iron sculptures), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1993)
  • Jun 5 Dean Amadon, American ornithologist, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (d. 2003)
  • Jun 8 Ian Morrow, British company director, best known for saving Rolls Royce (d. 2006)
  • Jun 8 Harry Holtzman, American abstract artist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1987)
  • Jun 10 Leslie Brown, Bishop (St Edmundsbury & Ipswich)
  • Jun 10 William Gordon Harris, British civil engineer, born in Liverpool, England (d. 2005)
  • Jun 10 Jean Lesage, Canadian politician (19th Premier of Quebec), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1980)
  • Jun 11 William Baziotes, American painter (abstract expressionist), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1963)
  • Jun 11 Mary Lavin, Irish author (Tales from Bective Bridge), born in East Walpole, Massachusetts (d. 1996)
  • Jun 13 Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (Regards et jeux dans l'espace), born in Sainte-Catherine de Fossanbault, Canada (d. 1943)
  • Jun 14 E. Cuyler Hammond, American epidemiologist (first to link smoking with lung cancer), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1986)

Person of interestEnoch Powell

Jun 16 Enoch Powell, British Conservative MP and shadow cabinet member infamous for his "Rivers of Blood" speech, born in Birmingham, England (d. 1998)

British Politician Enoch Powell
British Politician
Enoch Powell
  • Jun 16 John Peel, British politician (C), (d. 2004)
  • Jun 17 Wessel Couzijn, Dutch sculptor and cartoonist (Auschwitz-monument), born in Amsterdam (d. 1984)
  • Jun 20 Anthony Buckeridge, English author (Jennings), born in London (d. 2004)
  • Jun 21 Mary McCarthy, American novelist (Group), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 1989)
  • Jun 22 Princess Caroline Mathilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1983)

Person of interestAlan Turing

Jun 23 Alan Turing, British mathematician and computer scientist pioneer (Turing Machine), born in London (d. 1954)

Computer Scientist Alan Turing
Computer Scientist
Alan Turing
  • Jun 24 Norman Cousins, editor (Saturday Review)
  • Jun 24 Selwyn Powell, art editor
  • Jun 25 Virginia Lacy Jones, American librarian and presidential advisor, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1984)
  • Jun 25 William T. Cahill, American politician, 46th Governor of New Jersey (1970-74), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1996)
  • Jun 28 Audrey Langford, English singing teacher, born in Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England (d. 1994)
  • Jun 29 John Toland, American political writer (Rising Sun, Pulitzer 1971), born in La Crosse, Wisconsin (d. 2004)
  • Jun 29 Émile Peynaud, French oenologist, born in Madiran, Gers, France (d. 2004)
  • Jun 30 Madhaviah Krishnan, Indian naturalist and wildlife photographer, born in Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu, India (d. 1996)
  • Jun 30 Ludwig Bölkow, German aeronautical engineer, born in Schwerin, Germany (d. 2003)
  • Jul 1 Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr, Iraqi fieldmarshal and President of Iraq (1968-79), born in Tikrit, Ottoman Empire (d. 1982)
  • Jul 1 David Brower, American environmentalist and president (Sierra Club), born in Berkeley, California (d. 2000)
  • Jul 1 Sally Kirkland, American fashion editor (Vogue magazine) and manager (Lord & Taylor), born in El Reno, Canadian County, Oklahoma (d. 1989)
  • Jul 3 Edward Jones, Northern Irish lord justice of appeals (d. 1993)
  • Jul 6 Heinrich Harrer, Austrian mountaineer and author (Seven Years in Tibet), born in Hüttenberg, Austria-Hungary (d. 2006)
  • Jul 10 Francis Showering, English brewer, born in Shepton Mallet, Somerset, England (d. 1995)
  • Jul 12 Brodrick Haldane, Scottish photographer, born in Edinburgh (d. 1996)
  • Jul 14 Northrop Frye, Canadian literary critic (d. 1991)
  • Jul 18 Harry Levin, American literary scholar, born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 1994)
  • Jul 18 Henry Louis Miller, American Rear Admiral (WW II-Pacific), born in Fairbanks, Alaska (d. 1993)
  • Jul 19 Norman Carr, British conservationist working in Central and Southern Africa, born in Chinde, Portuguese East Africa (d. 1997)
  • Jul 20 Frederick Ferrari, crazy Gang Member
  • Jul 20 John Dacie, hematologist
  • Jul 20 Thijmen Kuijt, resistance fighter/co-found newspaper (The Typhoon)
  • Jul 20 George Johnston, Australian journalist and novelist (d. 1970)
  • Jul 27 Hilde Domin [Hilde Palm], German writer and poet, born in Cologne (d. 2006)

Person of interestMilton Friedman

Jul 31 Milton Friedman, American economist (Nobel Prize Economics 1976), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2006)

Economist Milton Friedman
Economist
Milton Friedman
  • Aug 1 Bryan Keith-Lucas, British political scientist, born in Fen Ditton, Cambridgeshire (d. 1996)
  • Aug 1 Masaya Hanai, Japanese businessman (d. 1995)
  • Aug 2 Bela Szigeti, Hungarian theoretical physicist, born in Budapest (d. 1996)
  • Aug 2 Vladimir Žerjavić, Croatian economist and UN statistician, born in Križ, Moslavania, Croatia (d. 2001)
  • Aug 4 Raoul Wallenberg, Swedish diplomat in WW II (saved 10,000s of Jews), born in Lidingö Municipality, Sweden (d. 1947)
  • Aug 4 Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, Russian mathematician, physicist, philosopher, and mountaineer, born in Volyn, Ryazan Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1999)
  • Aug 5 Abbé Pierre, French Catholic priest (d. 2007)
  • Aug 8 Daniel Mann [Chugerman], American stage and screen director (The Rose Tattoo; The Teahouse Of The August Moon; Butterfield 8), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • Aug 10 Izaak Samkalden, Dutch Minister of Justice (PvdA)/mayor of Amsterdam
  • Aug 10 Jorge Amado, Brazilian writer (O Pais do Carnaval)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History