On This Day

August 1913 in History

Events in History

  • Aug 3 Wheatland Hop Riot on a California farm, 4 die in one of the first farm labour disputes
  • Aug 8 Richard Corfields "Camel Corps" opens "Mad Mullah" in Burao Somalia
  • Aug 10 2nd Balkan War ends, Treaty of Bucharest, Bulgaria loses

Royal CoronationA Royal Fantasy!

Aug 13 Otto Witte, German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania

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Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist
Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist
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  • Aug 13 Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley of Sheffield, England
  • Aug 16 Tōhoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tōhoku University) admits its first female students.
  • Aug 19 Frenchman Adolphe Célestin Pégoud makes 1st parachute jump in Europe
  • Aug 20 1st pilot to parachute from an aircraft (Adolphe Pégoud, France)
  • Aug 20 Piotr Nesterow 1st flight (Kiev Ukraine)
  • Aug 27 Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback of Hoboken applies to patent all-purpose zipper
  • Aug 27 Lt Pyotr Nesterov, of Imperial Russian Air Service, performs a loop in a monoplane at Kiev (1st aerobatic maneuver in an airplane)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 28 Queen Wilhelmina opens Peace Palace in The Hague

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
  • Aug 29 Pieter Cort Van de Linden forms Dutch government
  • Aug 31 Massive protest rally on Sackville Street attacked by the Dublin Metropolitan Police; two strikers killed by the police

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 4 Robert Hayden, African-American poet (Those Winter Sundays), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1980)
  • Aug 8 Daan Wildschut, painter/glazenier/author
  • Aug 8 Robert Stafford, American politician (Sen-R-VT, 1971-88), born in Rutland, Vermont (d. 2006)
  • Aug 9 Herman Talmadge, American politician (70th Governor of Georgia), born in McRae, Georgia (d. 2002)
  • Aug 11 Angus Wilson, England, writer (Mulberry Bush-1955)
  • Aug 13 Albert Oram, Baron Oram, British Labour politician, born in Winchester, England (d. 1999)
  • Aug 13 Makarios III [Michail Moeskos], Greek Cypriot clergyman and politician, born in Panayia, Paphos, Cyprus (d. 1977)

Person of interestMenachem Begin

Aug 16 Menachem Begin, 6th Prime Minister of Israel (1977-80, 81-83) and 1979 Nobel Peace Prize winner, born in Brest, Belarus, Russian Empire (d. 1992)

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • Aug 17 Mark Felt, American FBI official and Watergate secret informant known as "Deep Throat", born in Twin Falls, Idaho (d. 2008)
  • Aug 19 Walter B. Jones Snr., American politician (Rep-D-North Carolina 1966-92), born in Fayetteville, North Carolina (d. 1992)
  • Aug 19 John Argyris, Greek aeronautical engineer, one of the creators of the Finite Element Method (d. 2004)
  • Aug 21 Victor Rosow, Russian dramatist, born in Yaroslavl (d. 2004)
  • Aug 22 Bruno Pontecorvo, Italian nuclear physicist, born in Marina di Pisa, Italy (d. 1993)
  • Aug 22 Robert Martineau, British bishop of Blackburn (d. 1999)
  • Aug 23 Stanley Kitchen, British chartered accountant
  • Aug 25 Walt Kelly, American cartoonist and animator (Pogo), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1973)
  • Aug 27 Arthur Benfield, head of Cheshire CID, born in Ashton Upon Mersey, England (d. 1995)
  • Aug 27 Donald M. MacKinnon, Scottish philosopher, born in Oban, Scotland (d. 1994)
  • Aug 27 Stewart Crawford, British diplomat
  • Aug 28 Robertson Davies, Canadian novelist essayist/dramatist, born in Thamesville, Ontario (d. 1995)
  • Aug 28 John Terence Reese, British bridge master, born in Epsom, Surrey, England (d. 1996)
  • Aug 30 Thomas F. Torrance, Scottish Protestant theologist, born in Chengdu, Sichuan, China (d. 2007)
  • Aug 31 Michiel P Gorsira, 1st Dutch Antillean in charge of Curacao (1951-67)
  • Aug 31 Sir Bernard Lovell, English radio astronomer, founded Jodrell Bank Observatory, born in Oldland Common, Bristol (d. 2012)

Deaths in History

  • Aug 13 August Bebel, German politician, leading social-democrat, dies at 73
  • Aug 14 Josephine Cochrane, American inventor (automatic dishwasher), dies of a stroke at 74