On This Day

December 1913 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 1 1st drive-up gasoline station opens in Pittsburgh

Model T

Dec 1 Ford Motor Company institutes world's 1st moving assembly line for the Model T Ford

  • Dec 1 Flag of Greece officially raised at Firka Fortress, Chania Crete symbolising the union of Crete and Greece
  • Dec 2 Archdiocese of Managua created
  • Dec 2 French Government of Louis Barthou falls due to overtime conscription
  • Dec 8 Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in San Francisco
  • Dec 10 Dutch scientist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes receives Nobel prize for physics

Nobel Prize

Dec 10 Bengali poet Rabindranath Tagore becomes the first non-European to be presented with the Nobel Prize for Literature for "Gitanjali"

  • Dec 10 Belgium head of the International Peace Bureau Henri La Fontaine becomes the first Socialist to win the Nobel Peace Prize
  • Dec 11 "Mona Lisa" recovered 2 years after it was stolen from the Louvre Museum
  • Dec 12 Hebrew language officially used to teach in Palestinian schools
  • Dec 13 British foreign minister Sir Edward Grey proposes that southern Albania be divided between Greece and Albania with compensation to Greece in the Aegean islands
  • Dec 14 Greece formally takes possession of Crete
  • Dec 15 Nicaragua becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
  • Dec 18 The Indian Inquiry Commission, also known as the Solomon Commission, commences its sittings in Pretoria
  • Dec 21 1st crossword puzzle (with 32 clues) printed in NY World

Historic Event

Dec 23 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Federal Reserve Act into law

Historic Event

Dec 26 Ambrose Bierce’s last known communication, a letter to his close friend Blanche Partington

  • Dec 30 Barnes takes 17 wickets vs South Africa (8-56 & 9-103)

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 3 Omer Vanaudenhoven, Flemish politician and resistance fighter, born in Diest, Belgium (d. 1994)
  • Dec 4 Robert Adler, Austrian-American inventor (remote control for television), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2007)
  • Dec 8 Delmore Schwartz, American poet, short story writer and critic (Shenandoah), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1966)
  • Dec 8 Paul Félix, Flemish architect (Sun Song), born in Ostend, Belgium (d. 1981)
  • Dec 13 John Wyndham Pope-Hennessy, English art historian and director of British Museum (1974-76), born in London (d. 1994)
  • Dec 15 Muriel Rukeyser, American poet (The Book of the Dead), born in NYC, New York (d. 1980)
  • Dec 15 Rik Jacobs, Flemish stage manager, born in Antwerpen, Flanders, Belgium (d. 1985)
  • Dec 18 Alfred Bester, American sci-fi author (Deceivers, Starlight), born in New York City (d. 1987)

Willy Brandt

Dec 18 Willy Brandt [Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm], German statesman, leader of the SPD party (1964-1987) and Chancellor of West Germany (1969-74, Nobel 1971), born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1992)

  • Dec 22 Anthony Barber Doncaster, English bookseller, born in Sheffield, England (d. 1995)
  • Dec 25 Henri Nannen, journalist

Elizabeth Smart

Dec 27 Elizabeth Smart, Canadian author (By Grand Central Station I Sat Down and Wept), born in Ottawa, Ontario

  • Dec 29 Laurence Gower, English lawyer & academic, born in Forest Gate, London (d. 1997)
  • Dec 30 Elyne Mitchell, Australian author (d. 2002)

Deaths in History

  • Dec 1 Juhan Liiv, Estonian poet (I Saw Estonia Yesterday), dies at 49
  • Dec 7 Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano, Italian Catholic churchman and last surviving cardinal of Pius IX, dies at 85

Menelik II

Dec 12 Menelik II, Emperor of Ethiopia (1889-1913) and Negus/King of Shewa (1866–89), dies at 69