February 1913 in History

Events in History

Event of Interest

Feb 2 American poet Joyce Kilmer writes his famous poem "Trees" in Mahwah, New Jersey

  • Feb 2 NYC's Grand Central Terminal opens
  • Feb 3 16th Amendment to the US Constitution, federal income tax, ratified
  • Feb 4 Louis Perlman patents demountable auto tire-carrying wheel rim
  • Feb 4 National Institute of Arts & Letters founded
  • Feb 9 Beginning of the Ten Tragic Days in Mexico City, with revolts leading to 3,000 deaths
  • Feb 10 Edward Sheldon's "Romance" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 15 1st avant-garde art show in America opens in NYC

Agreement of Interest

Feb 16 US President William Howard Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico

  • Feb 17 US State of Oregon becomes second to enact minimum wage law

Event of Interest

Feb 18 French modernist painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" by Marcel Duchamp causes an uproar when shown in New York

  • Feb 18 President Francisco Madero of Mexico is overthrown
  • Feb 19 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
  • Feb 19 Mexican General Victoriano Huerta takes power with US support
  • Feb 20 King O'Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Australian capital Canberra
  • Feb 25 The 16th Amendment to the US Constitution becomes law, providing the legal basis for the institution of a graduated income tax

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 1 Jeffrey Kindersley Quill, British test pilot (Spitfire), born in Littlehampton, Sussex (d. 1996)

Rosa Parks (1913-2005)

Feb 4 American civil rights activist who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger, born in Tuskegee, Alabama

Mary Leakey (1913-1996)

Feb 6 British paleoanthropologist, discovered earliest human footprints ((3.6 million years old), born in London

  • Feb 8 John Grandy, British RAF-marshal, born in London, England (d. 2004)
  • Feb 10 Ragnhild Marie Hatton, Norwegian historian, born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1995)
  • Feb 12 Fusata Iida, Japanese Navy Air Service fighter pilot (commander of the Japanese 3rd Air Group), considered the 1st "kamikaze", born in Tonda, Japan (d. 1941)
  • Feb 12 Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza, grandson of Emperor Pedro I of Brazil and claimant to the throne of Brazil, born in Château d'Eu, France (d. 2007)
  • Feb 13 Guiseppe Dossetti, Italian politician (drafted Italian constitution) and priest, born in Genoa, Italy (d. 1996)
  • Feb 14 Ab Visser, Dutch poet and writer (Man Without a Head), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1982)
  • Feb 14 James Pike, American Episcopal controversial bishop (Beyond Anxiety), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (d. 1969)
  • Feb 14 Jimmy Hoffa, American Union leader (Leader of Teamsters Union with ties to organized crime, disappeared mysteriously in 1975), born in Brazil, Indiana (d. 1975) [1]
  • Feb 15 Willy Vandersteen, Belgian cartoonist (Suske & Wiske), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1990)
  • Feb 18 Artur Axmann, German Nazi leader (head of Hitler Youth 1940-45), born in Hagen, Germany (d. 1996)
  • Feb 20 Mary Durack, Australian author and historian (Kings in Grass Castles and Keep Him My Country), born in Adelaide, Australia (d. 1994)
  • Feb 21 Glenn M. Anderson, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1969-93), born in Hawthorne, California (d. 1994)
  • Feb 23 Edward Fiennes-Clinton, Australian-born 18th Earl of Lincoln, born in Melbourne, Victoria (d. 2001)
  • Feb 24 Richard M. Goodwin, American mathematician and economist (The Dynamics of A Capitalist Economy), born in New Castle, Indiana (d. 1996)
  • Feb 26 George Barker, English poet (Calamiterror, Anno Domini), born in Loughton, England (d. 1991)
  • Feb 26 Hermann Lenz, German writer (Swabian Chronicle), born in Stuttgart (d. 1998)
  • Feb 27 Irwin Shaw, American novelist (Rich Man Poor Man), born in The Bronx, New York (d. 1984)
  • Feb 27 Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish president (d. 1989)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 18 George Washington Custis Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 80
  • Feb 22 Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (Mémoire sur le système primitif des voyelles dans les langues indo-européennes), dies at 55
  • Feb 22 Francisco I. Madero, Mexican revolutionary and 33rd President of Mexico (1911-13), assassinated in military coup at 39
  • Feb 22 Pino Suárez, Mexican vice-president (1911-13), assassinated in a military coup at 43
  • Feb 27 Adam Sedgwick, English zoologist (Peripatus), dies at 58
  • Feb 28 Elephant seal, 6.8-m, 4000-kg, shot in Possession Bay, South Georgia