On This Day

February 1913 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 2 NYC's Grand Central Terminal opens

Historic Event

Feb 2 American poet Joyce Kilmer writes his famous poem "Trees" in Mahwah, New Jersey

  • Feb 3 16th Amendment to the US Constitution, federal income tax, ratified
  • Feb 4 Louis Perlman patents demountable auto tire-carrying wheel rim
  • Feb 4 National Institute of Arts & Letters founded
  • Feb 9 -18] 10 Day Tragedy of Mexico-City; 3,000 die
  • Feb 10 Edward Sheldon's "Romance" premieres in NYC
  • Feb 15 1st avant-garde art show in America opens in NYC

Agreement of Interest

Feb 16 US President William Howard Taft agrees not to intervene in Mexico

  • Feb 17 1st minimum wage law in US takes effect (Oregon)

Historic Event

Feb 17 NY Armory Show introduces Picasso, Matisse, Duchamp to US public

Historic Event

Feb 18 French modernist painting "Nude Descending a Staircase" by Marcel Duchamp causes an uproar when shown in New York

  • Feb 18 President Francisco Madero of Mexico is overthrown
  • Feb 19 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
  • Feb 19 Mexican General Victoriano Huerta takes power with US support
  • Feb 20 King O'Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Australian capital Canberra
  • Feb 25 The 16th Amendment to the US Constitution becomes law, providing the legal basis for the institution of a graduated income tax

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 1 Jeffrey Kindersley Quill, Test pilot

Rosa Parks

Feb 4 Rosa Parks, American civil rights activist who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white passenger, born in Tuskegee, Alabama (d. 2005)

Mary Leakey

Feb 6 Mary Leakey, British paleoanthropologist, discovered earliest human footprints ((3.6 million years old), born in London (d. 1996)

  • Feb 8 John Grandy, Brits RAF-marshal
  • Feb 10 Ragnhild Marie Hatton, Norwegian historian, born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1995)
  • Feb 12 Pedro Gastao de Orleans e Braganca, grandson of Emperor Pedro I
  • Feb 13 Guiseppe Dossetti, politician/priest
  • Feb 14 Ab [Albert] Visser, Dutch poet/writer (Man Without a Head)
  • Feb 14 James Pike, American bishop (Beyond Anxiety), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
  • Feb 14 Jimmy Hoffa, Teamsters leader who disappeared in 1975
  • Feb 15 Willy Vandersteen, Belgian cartoonist (Suske & Wiske)
  • Feb 18 Artur Axmann, nazi youth leader
  • Feb 20 Mary Durack, Australian author and historian (Kings in Grass Castles and Keep Him My Country), born in Adelaide, Australia (d. 1994)
  • Feb 21 Glenn M Anderson, (Rep-D-CA, 1969- )
  • Feb 23 Edward Fiennes-Clinton, Australian-born 18th Earl of Lincoln, born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • Feb 24 Richard Murphey Goodwin, economist
  • Feb 26 George Barker, English poet (Calamiterror, Anno Domini), born in Loughton, England (d. 1991)
  • Feb 26 Hermann Lenz, German writer (Swabian Chronicle), born in Stuttgart (d. 1998)
  • Feb 27 Frank Allaun, British MP (L)
  • Feb 27 Irwin Shaw, American novelist (Rich Man Poor Man)
  • Feb 27 Kazimierz Sabbat, Polish president (d. 1989)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 18 George Washington Custis Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 80
  • Feb 22 Ferdinand Mongin de Saussure, Swiss linguist, dies at 55
  • Feb 22 Francisco I. Madero, Mexican revolutionary and 33rd President of Mexico (1911-13), assassinated in military coup at 39
  • Feb 22 Suarez, Mexican vice pres, assassinated in a military coup
  • Feb 22 Ferdinand de Saussure, Swiss linguist (Mémoire sur le système primitif des voyelles dans les langues indo-européennes), dies at 55
  • Feb 27 Adam Sedgwick, English zoologist (Peripatus), dies at 58
  • Feb 28 Elephant seal, 6.8-m, 4000-kg, shot in Possession Bay, South Georgia