On This Day

January 1913 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 US Post office begins parcel post deliveries
  • Jan 2 National Woman's Party forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 2 Mahatma Gandhi leaves the Tolstoy Farm in Transvaal, South Africa

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Jan 6 Attempting to end hostilities in the Balkans, the London Peace Conference breaks down because Turkey refuses to cede Adrianpole, the Aegean island, and Crete
  • Jan 7 William M Burton patents a process to "crack" petroleum
  • Jan 11 1st sedan-type car (Hudson) goes on display at 13th Auto Show (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 12 After using other pseudonyms over the years, Josef Dzhugashvili signs himself as Stalin ("man of steel") in a letter to the newspaper Social Democrat

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • Jan 13 Delta Sigma Theta, the world's largest Black Women's Sorority is founded at Howard University, Washington, D.C.
  • Jan 16 British House of Commons accepts Home Rule for Ireland (but the Great War gets in the way of it happening)
  • Jan 17 Raymond Poincaré elected president of France
  • Jan 18 Turkish-Greek sea battle near Troy
  • Jan 19 Raymond Poincaré installed as President of France
  • Jan 21 Aristide Briand forms French government for the 2nd time

BattleCoup d'état

Jan 23 The 'Young Turks' lead a coup d'etat against the Turkish Government

Leader of the Ottoman Empire Enver Pasha
Leader of the Ottoman Empire
Enver Pasha

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 24 Franz Kafka stops working on "Amerika"; it will never be finished

Writer Franz Kafka
Writer
Franz Kafka
  • Jan 29 Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, at Howard University, incorporates
  • Jan 30 UK House of Lords rejects Irish Home Rule Bill

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Eliot Janeway, financial writer (Economics of Chaos)
  • Jan 2 Ernest Sidey, British air marshal
  • Jan 2 Juanita E Jackson Mitchell, US head (NAACP)
  • Jan 2 Leon P Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist
  • Jan 4 Malietoa Tanumafili II, King of West-Samoa (1962- )
  • Jan 6 Edward Gierek, Polish communist politician, born in Porąbka, Poland (d. 2001)
  • Jan 9 Peter John Norton, British navy officer, born in Germiston, South Africa (d. 2004)
  • Jan 10 Gustav Husak, Slovak politician & president of Czechoslavakia (1975-89), born in Bratislava, Slovakia (d. 1991)
  • Jan 10 Mehmet Shehu, Albanian politician, born in Çorrush, Albania (d. 1981)
  • Jan 14 Tillie Olsen, American writer (Tell Me a Riddle), born in Wahoo, Nebraska (d. 2007)
  • Jan 15 Alexander Marinesko, captain of the S-13 submarine, which sank the German ship Wilhelm Gustloff (d. 1963)
  • Jan 17 Werenfried [Flip] van Straaten, founder (Oostpriesterhulp)
  • Jan 19 Phyllis Flowerdew, school Reading text author
  • Jan 19 Rex Ingamells, Australian poet (d. 1955)
  • Jan 22 William Cardinal Conway, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1977)
  • Jan 22 Carl F. H. Henry, American theologian and publisher (d. 2003)
  • Jan 25 Luis Marden, American photojournalist, born in Chelsea, Massachusetts (d. 2003)
  • Jan 28 Oliver Chesterton, chartered surveyor
  • Jan 29 Peter von Zahn, German journalist and writer (d. 2001)
  • Jan 30 Percy Thrower, English radio host, born in England, United Kingdom (d. 1988)
  • Jan 30 Amrita Sher-Gil, Hungarian-Indian painter described as the “Indian Frida Kahlo" and "one of the greatest avant-garde women artists of the early 20th century," born in Budapest, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1941)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 2 Léon Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist (stratosphere), dies at 57
  • Jan 4 Alfred von Schlieffen, Prussian general-field marshal, dies at 79
  • Jan 6 Frederick Hitch, English Victoria Cross Winner (b. 1856)
  • Jan 13 Thomas P. Krag, Norwegian author and novelist (Jon Graeff, Ulf Ran), dies at 44
  • Jan 16 Thaddeus S. C. Lowe, American aeronaut and inventor, dies at 80
  • Jan 18 Edmond Robert Hubert Regout, Dutch industrialist and politician, dies at 49
  • Jan 22 Ferdinand van der Haeghen, Flemish librarian/bibliographer, dies at 82
  • Jan 22 Tokugawa Yoshinobu, 15th and last shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, dies at 75
  • Jan 23 Nazim Pasha, Turkey's PM, assassinated