March 1913 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 1First state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND

Historic Event

Mar 1 David Beatty becomes Rear-Admiral Commanding the Royal Navy's 1st Battlecruiser Squadron

Woman Suffrage Procession

Mar 3 Woman suffrage procession through Washington, D.C. organized by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns and led by Inez Milholland. Ida B. Wells marched with her Illinois delegation despite blacks being told to march in a separate section.

  • Mar 4 1st US law regulating the shooting of migratory birds passed
  • Mar 4 US Department of Commerce & Labor split into separate departments

President Inaugurated

Mar 4 Woodrow Wilson inaugurated as 28th US President

  • Mar 8 Internal Revenue Service begins to levy & collect income taxes
  • Mar 10 William Knox becomes 1st in American Bowling Congress to bowl 300
  • Mar 12 Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid
  • Mar 13 Kansas legislature approved censorship of motion pictures

Historic Event

Mar 14 John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation

  • Mar 14 South African Supreme Court declares that marriages not celebrated according to Christian rites and/or not registered by the Registrar of Marriages, are invalid; all Muslim and Hindu marriages are therefore declared invalid
  • Mar 15 1st US presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson)
  • Mar 15 Cleveland establishes 1st small claims court
  • Mar 17 Uruguayan Air Force is founded
  • Mar 18 King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki
  • Mar 21 -26] Flood in Ohio, kills 400

Historic Event

Mar 22 Song Jiaoren, leader of the Chinese Kuomintang Party, shot at Shanghai Railway Station, dies 2 day later (thought orchestrated by Kuomintang President Yuan Shikai)

  • Mar 24 Palace Theater opens at 1564 Broadway, New York City
  • Mar 25 Great Dayton Flood: winter rains cause Great Miami River to flood, Ohio's greatest natural disaster
  • Mar 26 Bulgaria captures Adrianople, ending the 1st Balkan War
  • Mar 26 Dayton, Ohio almost destroyed when Scioto, Miami and Muskingum River reach flood stage simultaneously
  • Mar 28 Guatemala becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 1 Helmut Gernsheim, German photographer, collector and historian, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1995)
  • Mar 2 Georgy Nikolaevich Flerov, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Physicist (nuclear fission)
  • Mar 3 Roger Caillois, French writer (Les Jeux et les Hommes)
  • Mar 4 Taos Amrouche, Algerian writer (Jacinthe noir), and Kabyle singer, born in Tunis, Tunisia (d. 1976)
  • Mar 6 David Bowman, trade unionist
  • Mar 9 Gerarda Brautigam, Dutch journalist and politician (Partij van de Arbeid), born in Rotterdam (d. 1982)
  • Mar 11 Thomas Gray, English professor & anaesthetist
  • Mar 12 Agathe von Trapp, Austrian-born American singer (oldest von Trapp child), born in Pola, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 2010)
  • Mar 13 Sergey Mikhalkov, Soviet writer and poet, born in Moscow (d. 2009) [NS]
  • Mar 13 Sir Reo Stakis, Anglo-Cypriot hotel magnate (d. 2001)

William J. CaseyWilliam J. Casey (1913-1987)

Mar 13 American head of the CIA during the Iran-contra scandal (1981-87), born in NYC, New York

  • Mar 18 Margaret Hesse, princess of Hesse/Rhine
  • Mar 18 Reinhard Hardegen, German U-Boat commander
  • Mar 18 William Hutchinson Murray, Scottish mountaineer and author, born in Liverpool (d. 1996)
  • Mar 21 George Ghita Ionescu, academic
  • Mar 21 Max Youngstein, American producer (United Artists), born in NYC, New York
  • Mar 22 Tom McCall, American politician, Governor of Oregon (d. 1983)
  • Mar 26 Paul Erdős, Hungarian mathematician, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1996)
  • Mar 27 Theodor Dannecker, SS officer and an associate of Adolf Eichmann, born in Tübingen, Germany (d. 1945)
  • Mar 29 Jack Jones, British trade unionist (CH), born in Garston, Liverpool (d. 2009)
  • Mar 29 R. S. Thomas, Welsh poet, born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 2000)
  • Mar 30 Censu Tabone, President of Malta, (d. 2012)
  • Mar 30 Gottfried Reinhardt, Austrian-American theatre producer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1994)
  • Mar 30 Richard Helms, American CIA head (1966-73), born in St. Davids, Pennsylvania (d. 2002)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 7 Emily Pauline Johnson [Tekahionwake], Native Canadian poet, dies of cancer at 51
  • Mar 9 Eberhard Nestle, German biblical scholar, dies at 61

Harriet TubmanHarriet Tubman (1820/1822-1913)

Mar 10 American abolitionist, former slave and humanitarian (Underground Railroad), dies at about 91 {birth date uncertain]

  • Mar 11 John Shaw Billings, American librarian & surgeon, dies at 74
  • Mar 17 Richard Montgomery Gano, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 82
  • Mar 18 George I, king of Greece (1861-1913), assassinated by Schinas at 67
  • Mar 22 Song Jiaoran, Chinese Nationalist and revolutionary (Leader of Kuomintang party 1912-13), assassinated at 30

J. P. MorganJ. P. Morgan (1837-1913)

Mar 31 Sr. [John Pierpont], American financier and banker (General Electric, US Steel Corporation, AT&T), dies in his sleep at 75