On This Day

October 1913 in History

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 3 US Federal income tax signed into law (at 1%) by President Woodrow Wilson

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Oct 4 Freddy Wilson of Regina Roughriders kicks 10 singles in 21-3 win over Saskatoon Rugby Club
  • Oct 10 British passenger ship Volturno catches fire in Atlantic (136 killed)
  • Oct 10 Gamboa Dam in Panama blown up; Atlantic & Pacific waters mix
  • Oct 10 Yuan Shikai installed as the 1st President of China
  • Oct 14 Senghenydd Colliery Disaster, the United Kingdom's worst coal mining accident, an explosion claims 439 lives.
  • Oct 15 Train crash in Liverpool during "Black Week"

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Oct 16 George Bernard Shaw's play "Pygmalion" premieres in Hofburg Theatre in Vienna, Austria

  • Oct 16 Booth Theater opens at 222 W 44th St NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 19 At a meeting of the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in Durban, NIC secretaries, M. C. Anglia and Dada Osman, severely criticise Mahatma Gandhi and tender their resignations

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Oct 21 Transvaal women satyagrahis begin defiance activities, hawking without licenses in Vereeniging; they cross the Natal border and encourage the miners in Newcastle to strike
  • Oct 22 Explosion at Dawson NM coal mine kills 263 mine workers
  • Oct 26 José Victoriano Huerta Márquez elected president of Mexico
  • Oct 27 President Woodrow Wilson says US will never attack another country
  • Oct 28 "Krazy Kat" comic strip by George Herriman debuts in NY Journal
  • Oct 29 Floods in El Salvador kill thousands.
  • Oct 31 1st US paved coast-to-coast highway, the Lincoln Highway is dedicated

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 2 Vivian Ridler, British scholar and printer (Oxford University), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 2009)
  • Oct 4 Stanley Oliphant Stewart, librarian
  • Oct 5 William Lehman, American politician, born in Selma, Alabama (d. 2005)
  • Oct 5 Eugene B. Fluckey, American Navy submariner, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2007)
  • Oct 6 Meret Oppenheim, writer
  • Oct 7 Simon Carmiggelt, Dutch journalist (Het Parool, Kinks)
  • Oct 10 Claude Simon, Malagasy-French writer (Nobel Prize Literature 1985), born in Tananarive, Madagascar (d. 2005)
  • Oct 11 J.J. Pickle, American politician (Rep-D-Texas, 1963-95), born in Big Spring, Texas (d. 2005)
  • Oct 15 Frances Tustin, English child psychologist, born in Darlington, England (d. 1994)
  • Oct 18 Robert Gilruth, American aviation and space pioneer (d. 2000)
  • Oct 19 Jean Urruty, French Jai-Alai champion
  • Oct 19 Vasco Pratolini, Italian writer (Le ragazze di San Frediano)

Person of interestBảo Đại

Oct 22 Bảo Đại, Vietnamese emperor and chief of state (Annam 1926-1945; State of Vietnam, 1949-1955), born in Hue, French Indochina

Emperor of Vietnam Bảo Đại
Emperor of Vietnam
Bảo Đại
  • Oct 22 Hans-Peter Tschudi, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 2002)

Person of interestRobert Capa

Oct 22 Robert Capa, Hungarian war photographer and photojournalist, born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1954)

Photojournalist Robert Capa
Photojournalist
Robert Capa

Person of interestKlaus Barbie

Oct 25 Klaus Barbie, Gestapo chief (Butcher of Lyon), born in Godesberg, German Empire (d. 1991)

Gestapo Chief Klaus Barbie
Gestapo Chief
Klaus Barbie
  • Oct 26 Stuart J. Byrne, American sci-fi author (Star Man, God Man), born in Saint Paul, Minnesota (d. 2011)
  • Oct 27 Joseph Medicine Crow, Native American chief and historian, born near Lodge Grass, Montana (d. 2013)

Weddings in History

  • Oct 1 Writer and poet Vita Sackville-West (21) marries diplomat Harold Nicolson (26)

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 15 Author Beatrix Potter (47) weds solicitor William Heelis at St Mary Abbots in Kensington, London

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter

LoveWedding of Interest

Oct 31 Historian and philosopher Will Durant (27) weds researcher Ariel Kaufman (15) at New York's City Hall

Historian Will Durant
Historian
Will Durant

Deaths in History

  • Oct 1 Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and brewer (O'Keefe Brewery Company of Toronto Limited), dies at 85
  • Oct 5 Hans von Bartels, German painter (b. 1856)
  • Oct 10 Katsura Taro, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1848)
  • Oct 10 Adolphus Busch, German-born American brewer (Anheuser-Busch), dies at 74
  • Oct 20 Daniel David Palmer, Canadian founder of chiropractic (1897 Palmer School of Chiropractic), dies of typhoid fever at 68
  • Oct 23 Edwin Klebs, German physician and bacteriologist (bacterial theory of infection, diphtheria bacillus), dies at 79
  • Oct 24 Isabel Barrows, American editor and penologist (Conference on Negro Question), dies at 68
  • Oct 31 William Evans-Gordon, British politician (b. 1857)