On This Day

September 1913 in History

Events in History

Historic Event

Sep 1 George Bernard Shaw's "Androcles & the Lion" premieres in London

Victory in Battle

Sep 1 Zhang Xun's Wuwei Corps captures Nanjing on behalf of Emperor Yuan Shikai in the Republic of China's Second Revolution, ending Chinese independence and causing Sun Yat Sen to flee to Japan

  • Sep 2 Amsterdam reroutes sewage of canals to South Seas
  • Sep 6 1st aircraft to loop the loop - Adolphe Pégoud in France
  • Sep 6 Hamilton Alerts apply for ORFU reinstatement, taking the name Hamilton Rowing Club
  • Sep 9 Russian pilot Pyotr Nesterov becomes the first pilot to fly a loop, doing so in his Nieuport IV monoplane; he is arrested for ten days for endangering government property
  • Sep 10 Cleveland Call & Post forms
  • Sep 10 George W. Buckner, named minister to Liberia
  • Sep 10 Lincoln Highway opens as 1st paved coast-to-coast highway
  • Sep 15 1st US milch goat show held, Rochester, NY
  • Sep 16 Thousands of women demonstrate for Dutch female suffrage
  • Sep 21 1st aerobatic maneuver, sustained inverted flight, performed in France
  • Sep 21 Turkey and Bulgaria sign peace treaty in Constantinople
  • Sep 22 Coal mine explosion kills 263 at Dawson, New Mexico
  • Sep 22 George Cohan's "Seven Keys to Baldpate" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 22 The first batch of Indian passive resisters, consisting of 12 men and 4 women (including Mrs. Kasturba Gandhi) are arrested at Volksrust and imprisoned in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
  • Sep 23 Roland Garros is 1st to fly over Mediterranean Sea
  • Sep 23 Serbian troops march into Albania
  • Sep 23 Women protests take place in the Free State, South Africa, led by Charlotte Maxeke, resisting government attempts to impose passes on women; passes are burnt in front of the municipal offices
  • Sep 29 Shubert Theater, named after Sam S. Shubert, opens at 225 W 44th St NYC
  • Sep 29 The Treaty of Constantinople between Turkey and Bulgaria restores peace; the Turks recover Adrianople and Maritza River line

Birthdays in History

  • Sep 1 Christian Nyby, American director (Big Sleep, Thing), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1993)
  • Sep 4 Stanford Moore, American biochemist (Nobel 1977), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1982)
  • Sep 4 Mickey Cohen, American gangster (Cohen crime family), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1976)
  • Sep 4 Kenzo Tange, Japanese architect (Kagawa Prefectural Government Office Building, 1987 Pritzker Prize), born in Sakai, Japan (d. 2005)
  • Sep 5 Connie Stuart [Cornelia van Meygard], Dutch cabaret performer, born in Wijhe, Netherlands (d. 2010)
  • Sep 7 Oswald Szemerényi, Hungarian linguist, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Sep 7 Wim van der Grinten, Dutch lawyer and KVP politician (State Secretary of Economic Affairs), born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1994)
  • Sep 10 Zephania] Mothopeng, South African activist, President of the Pan-African Congress, born near Vrede, South Africa (d. 1990)
  • Sep 12 Ben Polak, Dutch physician, communist and resistance fighter, born in Nijmegen, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • Sep 12 Kenneth Lo, cookery writer and restaurateur, born in Foochow, China (d. 1995)
  • Sep 14 Jacobo Árbenz, President of Guatemala (1951-54); overthrown by CIA, born in Quetzaltenango, Guatemala (d. 1971)
  • Sep 15 Hans Filbinger, German politician (CDU), born in Mannheim, German Empire (d. 2007)
  • Sep 15 John N. Mitchell, American lawyer, US attorney general, convicted and jailed as Nixon's campaign manager, born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1988)
  • Sep 21 Ulrich Ernst Simon, German-Jewish Anglican theologian, born in Berlin (d. 1997)
  • Sep 26 Ernst Schnabel, German writer and pioneer of the radio documentary, born in Zittau, Germany (d. 1986)
  • Sep 27 Albert Ellis, American psychologist, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 2007)
  • Sep 28 Edith Mary Ellis Peters Pargeter, author
  • Sep 28 Warja Honegger-Lavater, Swiss artist and illustrator

Deaths in History

  • Sep 9 Count Paul J Smet de Naeyer, Belgian politician, dies

Rudolf Diesel

Sep 29 Rudolf Diesel, German engineer (invented the diesel engine), disappears aboard the ship Dresden in the English Channel at 55