On This Day

December 1914 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 2 Austria army occupies Belgrade, Serbia
  • Dec 3 Dutch army opens fire on interned Belgian soldiers: 8 killed
  • Dec 5 The Italian Parliament proclaims the neutrality of the country.
  • Dec 6 German troops over run Lodz
  • Dec 8 Battle of the Falkland Island: British Royal Navy destroys a German battle squadron
  • Dec 8 Boers rebelling against the British in South Africa suffer several defeats, with one of their leaders, General Beyers, accidentally drowning
  • Dec 10 French government returns to Paris
  • Dec 11 Stockton Street Tunnel (San Francisco) completed
  • Dec 12 The largest one-day percentage drop in the history of Dow Jones Industrial Average, down 24.39%
  • Dec 14 Lisandro de la Torre and others found the Democratic Progressist Party (Partido Demócrata Progresista, PDP) at the Hotel Savoy, Buenos Aires.
  • Dec 15 Battle of Lodz ends; Russians retreat toward Moscow
  • Dec 15 British fleet forfeits chance to destroy German fleet in North Sea
  • Dec 15 Serbian troops retake Belgrade in Austria-Hungary

BattleBattle of Interest

Dec 16 French offensive in Artois, Northern France led by Philippe Pétain

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • Dec 16 World War I: German battleships under Franz Von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough.
  • Dec 17 Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland
  • Dec 17 Great Britain declares Egypt a protectorate
  • Dec 17 Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv by Turkish authorities
  • Dec 21 2,800 African miners strike at the Van Rhyn Deep mines in a bid to redress some of their grievances
  • Dec 23 World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt
  • Dec 24 German plane drops bombs on Dover, England
  • Dec 25 Legendary "Christmas Truce" takes place on the battlefields of WWI between British and German troops. Instead of fighting, soldiers exchange gifts and play football
  • Dec 26 US Government protests British interference with American merchant ships at sea, on the same day Germans announce they will treat food as contraband, subject to seizure; weakens America's protest
  • Dec 28 Turks are repulsed by the Russians after fighting in Armenia for weeks

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 4 Rudolf Hausner, Austrian artist (d. 1995)
  • Dec 5 Hans Hellmut Kirst, German author (The Lieutenant Must Be Mad), born in Osterode, Germany (d. 1989)
  • Dec 13 Alan Bullock, British historian and author (Hitler: A Study in Tyranny), born in Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England (d. 2004)
  • Dec 14 Karl Carstens, German politician (President of the Federal Republic of Germany 1979-84), born in Bremen, German Empire (d. 1992)
  • Dec 18 Jerry Zipkin, socialite
  • Dec 21 Ivan Generalić, Croatian painter, born in Hlebine, Croatia (d. 1992)
  • Dec 25 James Fletcher Jr, New Zealand industrialist (Fletcher Construction), born in Dunedin, New Zealand (d. 2007)
  • Dec 27 Giuseppe Berto, Italian writer (Heaven Sees Red)
  • Dec 27 Ivan Sutton, British concert promoter (City Music Society), born in Purley, London (d. 1996)
  • Dec 29 Albert Tucker, Australian artist, born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 1999)

Weddings in History

  • Dec 24 Agatha Miller (later best selling detective author) marries aviator Archibald Christie

Deaths in History

  • Dec 1 Alfred Thayer Mahan, American naval officer (Influence of Sea Power), dies at 74
  • Dec 6 Eduard Jacobs, Dutch cabaret artist, dies at 47
  • Dec 8 Maximilian von Spee, German naval officer (b. 1861)
  • Dec 12 Watkins Lewis Africa American lynched in Shrevport, Louisiana
  • Dec 19 Johann Friedrich von Schulte, German Catholic lawyer, dies at 87

Person of interestJohn Muir

Dec 24 John Muir, Scottish naturalist and discoverer (glacier in High Seirras), dies of pneumonia at 76

Environmental Philosopher John Muir
Environmental Philosopher
John Muir
  • Dec 27 Charles Martin Hall, American chemist and inventor, dies at 51