March 1914 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 Dutch Minister of War Hendrikus Colijn named director of British Petroleum
  • Mar 1 The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
  • Mar 7 Prince Wilhelm von Wied becomes King of Albania
  • Mar 9 Hendrikus Colijn appointed as director of Bataafsche Petroleum Co

Event of Interest

Mar 9 US Senator Albert B. Fall demands the "Cubanization of Mexico"

  • Mar 10 Suffragettes in London damage Rokeby's painting Venus of Velasquez

Historic Publication

Mar 11 Rupert Brooke's poems "The Dead" and "The Soldier" are published in The Times Literary Supplement

  • Mar 14 Serbia & Turkey sign peace treaty
  • Mar 18 White Wolf gang beats government army in Jingdezhen, China
  • Mar 21 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
  • Mar 21 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Norman M Scott
  • Mar 27 1st successful non-direct blood transfusion is performed by Dr. Albert Hustin in Brussels

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 1 Archie Gumede, South African anti-apartheid activist and politician (ANC), born in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa (d. 1998)
  • Mar 1 Ralph Waldo Ellison, American writer (Invisible Man, Shadow & Cast), born in Oklahoma City (d. 1994)
  • Mar 4 Robert R. Wilson, American physicist (The Manhattan Project), sculptor and architect, born in Frontier, Wyoming (d. 2000)
  • Mar 7 Morton DaCosta, American film and theatre director (Island of Love; The Music Man), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1989)
  • Mar 8 Jacob B. Bakema, Dutch modernist architect (St Louis Missouri), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1981)
  • Mar 8 Yakov Borisovich Zel'dovich, Russian physicist, born in Minsk, Russian Empire (d. 1987)
  • Mar 13 Edward O'Hare, American naval aviator of the U.S. Navy, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1943)
  • Mar 13 Tessie O'Shea, Welsh stage and screen entertainer, born in Cardiff (d. 1995)
  • Mar 13 W.O. Mitchell, Canadian writer (Who Has Seen the Wind?), born in Weyburn, Canada (d. 1998)
  • Mar 14 Henry Ralph Carr, English WWII soldier (A Sapper's War) (d. 1996)
  • Mar 15 Aniello Dellacroce, American gangster (d. 1985)
  • Mar 18 James Pack, British naval officer and museum curator (Portsmouth), born in Malta (d. 1995)

Jiang QingJiang Qing (1914-1991)

Mar 19 Chinese communist and wife of Mao Zedong, born in Zhucheng, Shandong, China

  • Mar 19 Leonidas Alaoglu, Greek-Canadian mathematician (d. 1981)
  • Mar 20 William Baddeley, English church minister (restored St James's Piccadilly, Bishop of Brisbane), born in London, England (d. 1998)
  • Mar 21 Hernán Siles Zuazo, Bolivian politician (President of Bolivia 1956-60, 1982-85), born in La Paz, Bolivia (d. 1996)
  • Mar 22 Lord Stokes [Donald Stokes], English industrialist (British Leyland), born in Plymouth, England (d. 2008)
  • Mar 22 Masao Maruyama, Japanese social scientist, born in Osaka, Japan (d. 1996)
  • Mar 25 Marthe Robert, French essayist and translator who influenced Sigmund Freud, born in Paris, France (d. 1996)
  • Mar 25 Norman Borlaug, American agronomist (Green Revolution - Nobel Peace Prize 1970), born in Cresco, Iowa (d. 2009)
  • Mar 26 Ian McGeoch, Scottish Vice-Admiral with Royal Navy (submarine HMS Splendid WWII), born in Helensburgh, Scotland (d. 2007)
  • Mar 26 Toru Kumon, Japanese mathematics educator (Kumon Institute of Education,), born in Kōchi Prefecture, Japan (d. 1995)

William WestmorelandWilliam Westmoreland (1914-2005)

Mar 26 American general and commander of American forces in the Vietnam War between 1964-68, born in Saxon, South Carolina

  • Mar 28 Bohumil Hrabal, Czech writer (Closely Observed Trains), born in Brno, Austria-Hungary (d. 1997)
  • Mar 28 Dick Norris, Australian entomologist, born in Geraldton, Western Australia (d. 2003)
  • Mar 28 Edmund Muskie, American politician (Sen-D-Me) and US Secretary of State (1980-81), born in Rumford, Maine (d. 1996)
  • Mar 29 Chapman Pincher, British journalist and author (about secret service), born in Ambala, Punjab, India (d. 2014)
  • Mar 31 Octavio Paz, Mexican poet (Salamandra; Topoemas), writer and diplomat who won the 1990 Nobel Prize laureate, born in Mexico City (d. 1998)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 1 Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto, dies at 63

George WestinghouseGeorge Westinghouse (1846-1914)

Mar 12 American entrepreneur and engineer (air brakes, alternating current system) who was a pioneer of the electrical industry (Westinghouse Electric), dies at 67

  • Mar 16 Charles Albert Gobat, Swiss politician, recipient of the 1902 Nobel Peace Prize, dies at 70
  • Mar 16 Gaston Calmette, editor (Le Figaro), killed by Mme Caillaux at 55
  • Mar 16 John Murray, Canadian-British oceanographer, marine biologist (Challenger Expedition, 1872-76), and writer (The Depths of the Ocean), dies in a car wreck at 73
  • Mar 19 Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (b. 1850)
  • Mar 23 Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès (Saint Rebecca) Lebanese saint (b. 1832)

Frederic MistralFrederic Mistral (1830-1914)

Mar 25 French Provencal poet (Nobel 1904), dies at 83

  • Mar 31 Christian Morgenstern, German poet (Ich und die Welt), dies at 42