On This Day

1914 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 349

  • Jul 28 Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first declaration of war of WWI
  • Jul 29 1st transcontinental phone link made between New York City and San Francisco
  • Jul 29 Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade
  • Jul 29 British fleet leaves Portland/passes Straits of Dover
  • Jul 29 Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary
  • Jul 29 In response to Austria's declaration of war on Serbia, Russian diplomats and general urge general mobilization, but the Tsar calls for partial mobilization
  • Jul 30 Austrian-Hungary & Russia proclaim general mobilization
  • Jul 30 French troops withdraw 10 km from German border
  • Jul 30 John French appointed British supreme commander

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 30 After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 31 German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jul 31 Oil discovered in Lake of Maracaibo
  • Aug 1 British Grand Fleet reaches Scapa Flow
  • Aug 1 Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany declares war on his nephew Tsar Nicholas II of Russia in WWI
  • Aug 1 France and Germany mobilize their troops at outbreak of WWI
  • Aug 1 Trois Vierges: German 69th infantry regiment enters Luxembourg on outbreak of WWI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 1 Marcus Garvey and others found the Universal Negro Improvement Association in Jamaica with aim of creating black-governed nation in Africa

Black Nationalist Marcus Garvey
Black Nationalist
Marcus Garvey
  • Aug 2 Belgian government receives German ultimatum
  • Aug 2 German press falsely reports that French bombed Nuremberg
  • Aug 2 German troops overthrow Luxembourg
  • Aug 2 Germany and Turkey sign secret treaty of alliance
  • Aug 2 Great Britain mobilizes
  • Aug 2 Postdam Conference ends
  • Aug 2 Russian troops invade Eastern Prussia
  • Aug 3 1st unofficial trip through the Panama Canal by the SS Christobel
  • Aug 3 Belgium rejects demand to allow free crossing for German Army leading to their invasion hours later
  • Aug 3 French fleet sails to North Africa
  • Aug 3 German battle cruiser Goeben leaves Messina
  • Aug 3 Germany invades Belgium and declares war on France, beginning World War I
  • Aug 3 World Alliance for Promoting International Friendship through Churches forms
  • Aug 3 British Foreign Secretary Edward Grey famously remarks "The lamps are going out all over Europe. We shall not see them lit again in our time."
  • Aug 4 WWI: German army shoots Belgian priests and burns down village of Battice
  • Aug 4 German fleet under admiral Souchon fire on Algerian coast
  • Aug 4 WWI: Germany declares war on Belgium; Britain declares war on Germany
  • Aug 4 WWI: King Albert I becomes Supreme Commander of Belgian army after German declaration of war

BattleDeclaration of War

Aug 4 WWI: Field Marshal Lord Kitchener becomes British Minister of War after British declaration of war on Germany

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener

  • Aug 4 US declares neutrality on the outbreak of WWI
  • Aug 5 1st electric traffic light installed in the USA on the corner of East 105th Street and Euclid Avenue in Cleveland, Ohio
  • Aug 5 Cuba, Uruguay, Mexico and Argentina proclaim neutrality in WW I
  • Aug 5 Dutch Cort Van de Linden government issues silver bonds as money

BattleBattle of Interest

Aug 5 Battle of Liège: first battle of WWI, massive German assault on forts around Belgium city of Liège led by Erich Ludendorff

German WWI General Erich Ludendorff
German WWI General
Erich Ludendorff
  • Aug 5 Montenegro declares war against Austria-Hungary in World War I
  • Aug 5 US and Nicaragua sign treaty granting canal rights to US
  • Aug 5 Westerschelde leaves due to German invasion in Belgium
  • Aug 6 WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
  • Aug 6 WWI: French cavalry enters Belgium
  • Aug 6 WWI: German Zeppelin bombs Liege, 9 killed
  • Aug 6 WWI: Serbia declares war against Germany
  • Aug 6 Denis Patrick Dowd Jr. enlists in the French Foreign Legion, becoming the first American to fight in World War I
  • Aug 7 Engagement between British cruiser HMS Gloucester and German cruisers SMS Breslau and SMS Goeben off Greece
  • Aug 7 French government awards King Albert of Belgium the Great Cross
  • Aug 7 French troops under Gen Bonneau occupy Altkitrch at Elzas
  • Aug 7 German army occupies city of Liege, Belgium
  • Aug 7 Russia invades East Prussia

DiscoveryHistoric Expedition

Aug 8 3rd pole expedition Ernest Shackleton "Endurance"

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • Aug 8 French troops under Gen Bonneau occupy Mulhouse at Elzas
  • Aug 8 Montenegro declares war on Germany
  • Aug 9 German U-15 was sunk by the British cruiser, H.M.S. Birmingham
  • Aug 10 At Liege, German 12"/16.5" guns reach Belgian boundary
  • Aug 10 German battle cruiser Goeben reaches Dardanellen/Turkey joins Germany
  • Aug 10 German troops reconquer Mulhouse in Elzas
  • Aug 10 WWI: French fall back at Alsace
  • Aug 11 Jews are expelled from Mitchenick, Poland
  • Aug 11 John Bray patents animation
  • Aug 12 France and Great Britain declare war on Austria-Hungary
  • Aug 12 Cavalry battle at Halen, Belgium ("Battle of the Silver Helmets")
  • Aug 12 German 16.5"/12" guns fires on forts round Liege
  • Aug 12 Russian troops take East-Prussia & occupy Marggrabowa
  • Aug 13 -14] German army occupies forts at Liege
  • Aug 13 Carl Wickman begins Greyhound, the 1st US bus line, in Minnesota
  • Aug 14 British field marshal John French & Gen Wilson land in France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 15 Dinant, Belgium, destroyed by German bombs. Lt Charles de Gaulle (24), injured

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • Aug 15 Japan joins side of allies
  • Aug 15 Panama Canal opens (under cost) with the SS Ancon making the 1st official steamship through the canal

MurderMurder of Interest

Aug 15 A male servant of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright sets fire to the living quarters of the architect's Wisconsin home, Taliesin, murders seven people and burns the living quarters to the ground.

  • Aug 15 The first large public gathering of Boers in South Africa who do not want to support Britain in a war against Germany; British authorities will try to repress this movement, but discontent spreads

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 15 US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan, in a letter to J P Morgan, Jr., declares that loans to any of the belligerents go against US neutrality

US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan
US Secretary of State
William Jennings Bryan
  • Aug 16 German army occupies last fort at Liege, Belgian general Leman caught
  • Aug 16 Zapata & Pancho Villa over run Mexico
  • Aug 16 World War I: Battle of Cer begins.
  • Aug 17 French troops under gen de Castelnau occupy Chateau Salins
  • Aug 18 -20] Belgian army withdraws to Antwerp
  • Aug 18 French troops under general Dubail occupy Sarrebourg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 18 US President Woodrow Wilson issues "Proclamation of Neutrality"

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 19 Elmer Rice's "On Trial" premieres in NYC

Playwright and Novelist Elmer Rice
Playwright and Novelist
Elmer Rice
  • Aug 19 German army executed 150 Belgians by firing squad
  • Aug 19 German fleet bombs English coast
  • Aug 19 Harris Theater (Candler, Coan & Harris) opens at 226 W 42nd St NYC
  • Aug 19 In a message to the Senate, US President Woodrow Wilson urges the American people to be 'neutral in fact as well as name'
  • Aug 20 German General von Bulow executes 211 Belgians
  • Aug 20 Battle at Gumbinnen, East-Prussia: Russians beat Germans
  • Aug 20 Battle at Morhange: German troops chase French, killing thousands
  • Aug 20 Bavarian troops kill 50 inhabitants of Nomeny, France
  • Aug 20 German army captured Brussels as the Belgian army retreated to Antwerp
  • Aug 21 Belgium: German troops occupy Tamines
  • Aug 21 French offensive in the Ardennen/Sambre
  • Aug 22 Battle at Charleroi begins: Gen von Bulows troops beat French
  • Aug 22 1st encounter between British & German troops (in Belgium)
  • Aug 22 Battle in Ardennen: Neufchateau, Rossignal, Tintigny & Virton
  • Aug 22 Canada's Finance Act, 1914, receives assent

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 256

  • May 9 Josef Muller-Brockmann, graphic designer/writer
  • May 9 Theodore Kheel, labor negotiator (Fair Employment Practices)
  • May 10 Lord Smith, British surgeon
  • May 11 Haroun Tazieff, French volcanologist (d. 1998)
  • May 12 Bertus Aafjes, Dutch poet/writer
  • May 12 Dan Daniel, politician (Rep-D-VA, 1969-88), born in Chatham, Virginia (d. 1988)
  • May 15 Jack Pepys, immunologist
  • May 16 Edward T. Hall, American anthropologist and author
  • May 18 Anthony Fell, British MP
  • May 18 Boris Christoff, Bulgaria/Italian bass (Boris Godunov)
  • May 18 Pierre Balmain, French fashion designer, born in Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne, France (d. 1982)
  • May 19 Max Perutz, Austrian-born molecular biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 2002)
  • May 19 Go Seigen [Wu Qingyuan], Chinese-born Japanese Go master considered the greatest Go player in the 20th century, born in Minhou County, Fujian, Republic of China (d. 2014)
  • May 20 Corneliu Coposu, Romanian politician (Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party), born in Bobota, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1995)
  • May 22 Vance Packard, American journalist and author (The Hidden Persuaders), born in Granville Summit, Pennsylvania (d. 1996)
  • May 23 Alec Dickson, founder (VSO)
  • May 23 Barbara Ward, economist/writer (Only One Earth)
  • May 23 Leo Lerman, American writer and editor (Condé Nast Publications), born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)
  • May 24 George Tabori, Hungarian writer, born in Budapest (d. 2007)
  • May 27 Frederick Erroll, 1st Baron Erroll of Hale, British Conservative politician, born in London (d. 2000)
  • May 27 Ross Stainton, CEO (British Airways), born in Whitstable, England (d. 2011)
  • May 28 W. G. G. Duncan Smith, British WWII flying ace, born in Madras, British India (d. 1996)

Person of interestTenzing Norgay

May 29 Tenzing Norgay, Tibetan climber who was the 1st to reach the summit of Mount Everest in 1953 with Edmund Hillary (exact date of birth unknown, but he celebrated on the 29th), born in either northeastern Nepal or Tibet (d. 1986)

Mountaineer and Explorer Tenzing Norgay
Mountaineer and Explorer
Tenzing Norgay
  • Jun 3 Eugene Fuller, polymath/linguist
  • Jun 3 Ronald George "Tim" Woodman, British WWII pilot, born in Trowbridge, Wiltshire (d. 1996)
  • Jun 4 Willy-August Linnemann, Danish writer and journalist, born in Harrislee, Germany (d. 1985)
  • Jun 5 Beatrice de Cardi, British archaeologist, born in London (d. 2016)
  • Jun 6 H. Adams Carter, American mountaineer (Alpine Club President 1954-58; editor American Alpine Journal 1960-95), born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1995)
  • Jun 8 Kurt Barthel [KuBa], German writer and political activist, born in Garnsdorf (d. 1967)
  • Jun 10 Polly Hill, Dr/anthropologist
  • Jun 11 Hendrikus Berkhof, Dutch theologist (Church & Emperor), born in Appeltern, Gelderland, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • Jun 11 Jack Mann, British fighter pilot and hostage, kidnapped by Islamists in Lebanon in May 1989, born in Northampton, England (d. 1995)
  • Jun 14 Winifred Milius Lubell, American illustrator and writer (The Outer Lands), born in NYC, New York (d. 2012)
  • Jun 15 Cees [Cornelis A B] Bantzinger, Dutch cartoonist/illustrator
  • Jun 15 Saul Steinberg, Romanian-American cartoonist and illustrator (The New Yorker), born in Râmnicu Sărat, Buzău County, Romania (d. 1999)

Person of interestYuri Andropov

Jun 15 Yuri Andropov, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1982-84) and KGB Chief (1967-82), born in Nagutskaya, Stavropol Region, Russian Empire (d. 1984)

Soviet General Secretary Yuri Andropov
Soviet General Secretary
Yuri Andropov
  • Jun 15 Hilda Terry, American Cartoonist (d. 2006)
  • Jun 17 John Hersey, American author (Hiroshima, Bell for Adano, Wall), born in Tientsin, China (d. 1993)
  • Jun 19 Alan Cranston, American politician (Sen-D-CA, 1969-1993), born in Palo Alto, California (d. 2000)
  • Jun 19 Morgan Morgan-Giles, British Naval officer and politician (d. 2013)
  • Jun 19 Anthony Bloom, Metropolitan of the Russian Orthodox Church (d. 2003)
  • Jun 21 William Vickrey, Canadian economist (Nobel 1996), born in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada (d. 1996)
  • Jun 22 Lilo Hardel, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1999)
  • Jun 24 Pearl Witherington CBE, British WW II secret agent (d. 2008)
  • Jun 26 Laurie Lee, English poet and author (I Can't Stay Long), born in Slad, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1997)
  • Jun 27 Giorgio Almirante, Italian fascist (member of parliament (1948-87)), born in Salsomaggiore Terme, Emilia-Romagna, Italy (d. 1988)
  • Jun 27 Robert Aickman, English writer and conservationist (co-founding the Inland Waterways Association), born in London (d. 1981)
  • Jun 28 Aribert Heim, Austrian SS physician (served at the Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp in Mauthausen, known as Dr. Death), born in Bad Radkersburg, Austria-Hungary (d. 1992)
  • Jun 29 Christos Papakyriakopoulos, Greek mathematician, born in Chalandri, Athens, Greece (d. 1976)
  • Jun 29 Ellen Kuzwayo, South African member of parliament (ANC) and noted writer ("Call me Woman"), born in Thaba-Nchu, Orange Free State (d. 2006)
  • Jun 30 Francisco da Costa Gomes, President of Portugal’s ruling military junta (1974-76), born in Chaves, Portugal (d. 2001)
  • Jul 2 Mário Schenberg, Brazilian physicist and electrical engineer, born in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil (d. 1990)
  • Jul 4 Nuccio Bertone, Italian automobile designer, born in Turin, Piedmont, Italy (d. 1997)
  • Jul 5 Jacob Soetendorp, Dutch rabbi, born in Amsterdam d. 1976)
  • Jul 8 Jyoti Basu, Indian politician
  • Jul 9 Willi Stoph, German politician (Prime Minister of German Democratic Republic 1964-73), born in Schöneberg, Berlin, Germany (d. 1999)
  • Jul 10 Joe Shuster, Canadian-American cartoonist (co-creator of Superman), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1992)
  • Jul 15 Akhtar Hameed Khan, pioneer of Microcredit in developing countries (d. 1999)
  • Jul 17 James Purdy, American writer (The House of the Solitary Maggot), born near Fremont, Ohio, (d. 2009)
  • Jul 18 John G Bearer, writer (Metro, Drunken Canary, Fast Heartbeat)
  • Jul 18 Jo [Jozef Maria Laurens Theo] Cals, Prime Minister of Netherlands (1965-66) and Minister of Education, Arts and Sciences, born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1971)
  • Jul 23 Alastair Down, CEO (Burmah Oil), born in Kirkcaldy, Fife (d. 2004)
  • Jul 24 David Miles Bensusan-Butt, English economist, born in Colchester, England (d. 1994)
  • Jul 24 Ed Mirvish, American-Canadian businessman (Honest Ed's) and philanthropist, born in Colonial Beach, Virginia (d. 2007)
  • Jul 24 Kenneth Bancroft Clark, American civil rights activist (Dark Ghetto) and first black president of the American Psychological Association, born in Panama Canal Zone (d. 2005)
  • Jul 24 Frances Oldham Kelsey, Canadian-American FDA Director (stopped thalidomide use in the US), born in Cobble Hill, British Columbia (d.2015)
  • Jul 29 Abram Games, graphic artist
  • Jul 29 Dovie Hudson, community activist in rural Mississippi
  • Jul 31 Jose Ignacio Domecq, Spanish wine maker, born in Jerez, Spain (d. 1997)
  • Jul 31 Raymond Aubrac, French resistance leader, born in Paris, France (d. 2012)
  • Aug 3 Rik Slabbinck, Flemish painter, born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1991)
  • Aug 6 Susan Cowdy, ornithologist
  • Aug 8 Arthur Holt, politician
  • Aug 8 Unity Mitford, English fascist sympathizer and one of the Mitford sisters, born in London (d. 1948)
  • Aug 9 Gordon Cullen, English architect (Townscape), born in Calverley (d. 1994)

Person of interestTove Jansson

Aug 9 Tove Jansson, Finnish author and illustrator (Moomins), born in Helsinki, Grand Duchy of Finland, Russian Empire (d. 2001)

Author and Illustrator Tove Jansson
Author and Illustrator
Tove Jansson
  • Aug 11 José Silva, American parapsychologist (d. 1999)
  • Aug 12 [Hendrik] Jan Bakker, Dutch resistance fighter/journalist (Parool)
  • Aug 12 Gerd Buchdahl, German philosopher (d. 2001)
  • Aug 15 Peter Nicholson Gunn, Australian writer (The Churches of Rome), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1995)
  • Aug 17 Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr, son of FDR/(Rep-D-NY, 1949-55)
  • Aug 21 Dallas Pratt, American collector (The American Museum in Britain), born in Islip, New York (d. 1994)
  • Aug 26 Julio Cortázar, Argentine writer (Blow-Up, Underground Game), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1984)
  • Aug 27 Catherine Marshall, American editor and writer, born in Johnson City, Tennessee (d. 1983)
  • Sep 3 Dixy Lee Ray, American politician (17th Governor of Washington) and chairman of the United States Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 1994)
  • Sep 4 Rudolf Leiding, German auto executive and 3rd postwar chairman of Volkswagen, born in Altmark, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 2003)
  • Sep 5 Nicanor Parra, Chilean poet, mathematician, and physicist (Defense of Violeta Parra), born in San Fabián de Alico, Chile (d. 2018)
  • Sep 7 Billy Hughes, British educationist and Labour Party politician, born in Swindon, England (d. 1995)
  • Sep 7 Ian Ball, Indian newspaper photographer, born in Dhariwal, India (d. 1995)
  • Sep 7 James Van Allen, American physicist (discovered Van Allen radiation belts), born in Mount Pleasant, Iowa (d. 2006)
  • Sep 8 Dimitrios I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople (1973-91), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1991)

Person of interestTerence O'Neill

Sep 10 Terence O'Neill, Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (Ulster Unionist Party: 1963-69), born in London, England (d. 1990)

Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill
Northern Ireland Prime Minister
Terence O'Neill
  • Sep 12 Rais Amrohvi, Pakistani poet and psychoanalyst, born in Amroha, India (d. 1988)
  • Sep 14 Robert McCloskey, American children's book writer and illustrator (Make Way For Ducklings), born in Hamilton, Ohio (d. 2003)
  • Sep 14 Robert S. Dietz, American geophysicist who proposed a theory of seafloor spreading in 1961, born in Westfield, New Jersey (d. 1995)
  • Sep 15 Creighton Abrams, American general (commander of American forces in the Vietnam War, 1968-72), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1974)
  • Sep 15 Jens Otto Krag, premier of Denmark (1962-68, 71-72)
  • Sep 15 Adolfo Bioy Casares, Argentine writer (d. 1999)
  • Sep 17 Shin Kanemaru, Japanese politician (Deputy Prime Minister 1986-87), born in Suwa, Yamanashi Prefecture, Empire of Japan (d. 1996)
  • Sep 19 Rogers Morton, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1979)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History