On This Day

December 1915 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 1 The US requests that Germany withdraw its military and naval attaches from the Embassy in Washington
  • Dec 3 General Joseph Joffre becomes Commander-in-Chief of the French Armies
  • Dec 4 Frank Friday Fletcher is first US admiral to receive Congressional Medal of Honor
  • Dec 4 Ku Klux Klan receives charter from Fulton County, Georgia
  • Dec 4 Panama-Pacific International Exposition closes in San Francisco

Historic Event

Dec 4 Henry Ford's peace ship, Oscar II, sails for Europe 'to get the boys out of the trenches by Christmas'

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford

Historic Event

Dec 8 John McCrae's poem "In Flanders Fields" appears anonymously in "Punch" magazine

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae
  • Dec 12 1st all-metal aircraft (Junkers J-1) test flown at Dessau, Germany

Historic Event

Dec 12 Aristide Briand forms French war government

11x Prime Minister of France Aristide Briand
11x Prime Minister of France
Aristide Briand
  • Dec 12 Russian troops overrun Hamadan, Persia
  • Dec 20 Russian troops overrun Qom, Persia
  • Dec 20 Final withdraw of all allied troops from Anzac Cove
  • Dec 21 10.17" (25.83 cm) of rainfall, Glenora, Oregon (state record)
  • Dec 27 US Iron and Steel workers begin a 3-week strike in Ohio for a eight-hour-day; they are successful as the US needs steel for armaments
  • Dec 28 San Francisco City Hall dedicated by Mayor James Rolph
  • Dec 28 Today the British Cabinet recognizes the true nature of the war by deciding to institute compulsory military service, with single men to be conscripted before married ones
  • Dec 30 Cromarty Harbour, Scotland - British cruiser Natal explodes: 405 die

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 2 Randolph Apperson Hearst, American newspaper publisher (Hearst Newspapers) (d. 2000)
  • Dec 7 Leigh Brackett, American sci-fi author (Ginger Star), Los Angeles, California (d. 1978)
  • Dec 8 George Scheuer, Austrian writer and journalist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1996)
  • Dec 9 Herbert Huncke, American writer and poet, born in Greenfield, Massachusetts (d. 1996)
  • Dec 13 Balthazar Johannes Vorster, Prime Minister of South Africa (1966-77), born in Uitenhage, Eastern Cape, South Africa (d. 1983)
  • Dec 13 Ross MacDonald [Kenneth Millar], American-Canadian detective novelist (Goodbye Look), born in Los Gatos, California (d. 1983)
  • Dec 13 Yitzhak Zuckerman [Itzhak Zuckerman], Vilnius, Lithuania, Jewish resistance hero in World War II and one of the few survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
  • Dec 15 José Toribio Merino, Chilean admiral (one of the principal leaders of the 1973 Chilean coup d'état), born in La Serena, Chile (d. 1996)
  • Dec 26 H. A. Gomperts, Dutch writer (Duck on Attic), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1998)
  • Dec 27 William Masters, American gynecologist who studied sexual dysfunction, born in Cleveland, Ohio (2001)
  • Dec 29 Charles L. Harness, American sci-fi author (Paradox Men, Wolfhead), born in Colorado City, Texas (d. 2005)
  • Dec 29 John P W Meefout, Dutch sculptor (Laying Woman)
  • Dec 29 Robert Ruark, American writer (Something of Value), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1965)

Weddings in History

Benito Mussolini

Dec 17 Journalist Benito Mussolini marries Rachele Guidi in Treviglio Lombardy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini

Woodrow Wilson

Dec 18 28th US President Woodrow Wilson, widowed the year before marries second wife Edith Bolling Galt, a descendant of native American Pocahontas

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson

Alexander Fleming

Dec 22 Biologist Alexander Fleming (34) weds Sara McElroy


Deaths in History

  • Dec 13 Francis Cockrell, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 81
  • Dec 18 Henry Enfield Roscoe, English Chemist, dies at 82
  • Dec 18 Louise Blanchard Bethune, 1st American female architect, dies at 59
  • Dec 19 Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist/neurologist (Alzheimer Disease), dies at 51
  • Dec 23 Roland Leighton, English poet and soldier (featured in The Testament of Youth) dies on French battlefield during WWI at 20
  • Dec 28 Gerrit Jan van Heek, Dutch textile manufacturer and politician, dies at 78