On This Day

August 1916 in History

Events in History

  • Aug 1 Hawaii National Park forms
  • Aug 2 World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto
  • Aug 4 Denmark and the United States sign a treaty whereby the Danish West Indies, including the Virgin Islands, are to be ceded to the US in 1917 for $25 million
  • Aug 4 The Turks attack the British line at Romani in the northern Sinai (WWI)
  • Aug 8 A's set AL record with 19th consecutive loss on road
  • Aug 10 Turks annex Persian city Hamadan from Russia

Famous PhotoPicasso and Friends

Aug 12 Pablo Picasso, Max Jacob, Moïse Kisling, Ortiz and Paquerette are photographed in Paris

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Manuel Ortiz de Zarate, Moïse Kisling, Max Jacob, Pablo Picasso and Pâquerette in Paris
Manuel Ortiz de Zarate, Moïse Kisling, Max Jacob, Pablo Picasso and Pâquerette in Paris
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  • Aug 17 Bulgarian offensive in Macedonia
  • Aug 21 Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, arrested by the British
  • Aug 23 Military court of Berlin sentences socialist Karl Liebknecht to 4 years
  • Aug 25 US Department of Interior forms National Park Service
  • Aug 26 Philadelphia A's Bullet Joe Bush no-hits Cleve, 5-0
  • Aug 27 Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary
  • Aug 28 Germany declares war on Romania
  • Aug 28 Italy declares war against Germany
  • Aug 29 Congress creates US Naval Reserve
  • Aug 29 Transport ship Hsin-Yu & cruiser Hai-Yung collide; 1,000 die
  • Aug 29 US Congress accepts Jones Act: Philippines independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 29 General Paul von Hindenburg replaces Von Falkenhayn as German chief of staff

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • Aug 30 Boston's Dutch Leonard no-hits St Louis Browns, 4-0

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 1 David Pollock, Viscount Hanworth, British barrister (d. 1996)
  • Aug 1 Anne Hébert, French Canadian author and poet (Kamouraska), born in Sainte-Catherine-de-Fossambault, Quebec, Canada (d. 2000)
  • Aug 2 Reginald Murley, British surgeon (President of the Royal College of Surgeons) (d. 1997)
  • Aug 6 Dom Mintoff, Maltese Prime Minister (1955-58, 1971-84), born in Bormla, Malta (d. 2012)
  • Aug 15 Aleks Çaçi, Albanian writer (That way Myzeqe), born in Palasë, Himara, Albania (d. 1989)
  • Aug 21 William John Raff Hooper, British cartoonist (Percy Prune), born in Lichfield, Staffordshire, England (d. 1996)
  • Aug 24 Anita V Figueredo, American physician and humanitarian, born in Costa Rica (d. 2010)
  • Aug 25 Frederick Robbins, American pediatrician and bacteriologist (Nobel 1954), born in Auburn, Alabama (d. 2003)
  • Aug 25 Saburo Sakai, Japanese aviator and flying ace of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II, born in Saga District, Japan (d. 2000)
  • Aug 26 Allan Leslie Merson, historian
  • Aug 28 C. Wright Mills, American sociologist and writer (The Power Elite), born in Waco, Texas (d. 1962)
  • Aug 28 Jack [Holbrook] Vance, American sci-fi author (2 Hugo, Dirdir, Pnume), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2013)
  • Aug 30 John Thoday, British geneticist, born in Chinley, Derbyshire (d. 2008)
  • Aug 30 Kenneth Keith, Lord Keith of Castleacre, English banker, born in Castle Acre, England (d. 2004)

Deaths in History

  • Aug 3 Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, executed by the British at 51
  • Aug 7 Charles E Manning, Australian judge/major, dies in battle at 36
  • Aug 9 Lily Braun, German feminist and socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen), dies at 51
  • Aug 18 Edward D Pain, English journalist (NY World), dies in battle at 36
  • Aug 28 Francis Warre-Cornish, English writer and scholar, dies at 77