On This Day

January 1916 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 1st issue of "Journal of Negro History" published
  • Jan 1 1st first blood transfusion using stored and cooled blood is performed
  • Jan 5 Austria-Hungary offensive against Montenegro

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 7 In response to pressure from President Woodrow Wilson, Germany notifies the US State Department that it will abide by strict international rules of maritime warfare

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Jan 8 WWI: ANZAC forces withdraw from the Gallipoli Peninsula after Ottoman forces successfully defend access to Constantinople
  • Jan 9 The Ottoman Empire prevails in the Battle of Çanakkale, as the last British troops evacuated
  • Jan 10 Russian offensive in Caucasus
  • Jan 10 In retaliation for President Woodrow Wilson's recognition of the Carranza government, members of Pancho Villa's revolutionary army take 17 US mining engineers from a train and shoot 16 of them in cold blood
  • Jan 11 Austrian forces capture Mount Lovćen, Serbia. Serbian army retreats, evacuating to Greek island of Corfu
  • Jan 12 Britain proclaims Gilbert & Ellice Islands as a colony in Pacific
  • Jan 12 Max Immelmann and Oswald Boelcke receive the Pour le Merite, the German Empire's highest military award, for achieving eight aerial victories each over Allied aircraft
  • Jan 14 Dutch Zuiderzee dyke cracks
  • Jan 18 A 611 gram chondrite type meteorite stikes a house near the village of Baxter in Stone County, Missouri
  • Jan 23 Temperature falls from 44°F (7°C) to -56°F (49°C) night of 23-24, Browning MT
  • Jan 24 The Military Service Bill, calling for conscription of men for war services, passes in the British House of Commons
  • Jan 25 Montenegro surrenders to Austria-Hungary
  • Jan 27 Communist party "Spartacus Letters" 1st published in Berlin
  • Jan 28 Louis Brandeis is appointed to the Supreme Court of the United States after being nominated by President Woodrow Wilson
  • Jan 28 German colony of Cameroon surrenders to Britain & France
  • Jan 29 1st bombing of Paris by German Zeppelins takes place
  • Jan 31 Dutch Girl Guides form

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 4 Catherina Elisabeth "Tootje" Vreede, portrait painter
  • Jan 4 Robert Parrish, director (Casino Royale), born in Columbus, Georgia
  • Jan 6 Vincent Serventy, Australian writer and conservationist, born in Armadale, Australia (d. 2007)
  • Jan 7 Elena Ceausescu, wife of Romania's Communist dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu (d. 1989)
  • Jan 9 Alain Bernardin, French impresario (Crazy Horse Saloon), born in Dijon, France (d. 1994)
  • Jan 9 Peter Twinn, English World War II code-breaker, born in Streatham, London (d. 2004)
  • Jan 10 Sune Bergström, Swedish biochemist & Nobel laureate, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2004)
  • Jan 11 James H [Jimmy] Quillen, (Rep-R-TN, 1963- )

Person of interestP. W. Botha

Jan 12 P. W. Botha, President of South Africa (1984-89) and Prime Minister (19778-84), born in Paul Roux, Orange Free State Province, South Africa (d. 2006)

President of South Africa P. W. Botha
President of South Africa
P. W. Botha
  • Jan 13 Bella Lewitsky, choreographer
  • Jan 14 John Oliver Killens, American writer, born in Macon, Georgia (d. 1987)
  • Jan 15 Mikki Doyle, American journalist & editor, born in New York (d. 1995)
  • Jan 16 Frederick Stewart, Scottish geologist, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 2001)
  • Jan 18 James Crow, American geneticist & educator (Genetic Theories and Influences: Comments on the Value of Diversity), born in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • Jan 20 Johan Adolf Pengel, Surinamese politician (Prime Minister, 1963-69), born in Paramaribo, Suriname (d. 1970)
  • Jan 20 Walter Bartley, English biochemist, born in Brighton, London (d. 1994)
  • Jan 22 Harilal Upadhyay, Gujarati Author, Poet, Astrologist (Gujarat is a State of India) (d. 1994)
  • Jan 23 Airey Neave, British soldier & politician, born in Knightsbridge, London (d. 1979)
  • Jan 23 David Douglas Duncan, American photo-journalist best known for his war photography, born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2018)
  • Jan 24 John Corner, British mathematician, born in Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom (d. 1996)
  • Jan 24 Marvin Creamer, American mariner, 1st recorded person to sail around the world without navigational instruments, born near Vineland, New Jersey (d. 2020)
  • Jan 29 Barbara Skelton, writer
  • Jan 31 Ciro D Crown, premier of Dutch Antilles (1968-69)
  • Jan 31 Violet Cane, statistician

Deaths in History

Person of interestGrenville M. Dodge

Jan 3 Grenville M. Dodge, American railroad engineer (Transcontinental Railroad-Union Pacific) and Major General (Union Army), dies at 84

Railroad Engineer and Union General Grenville M. Dodge
Railroad Engineer and Union General
Grenville M. Dodge
  • Jan 8 Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (b. 1884)
  • Jan 14 Otto Ammon, German anthropologist and sociologist (schedelmetingen), dies at 73
  • Jan 15 Modest Tchaikovsky, Russian writer (b. 1850)
  • Jan 16 Arnold Aletrino, Dut physician-criminologist (From Death), dies at 57