On This Day

June 1916 in History

Events in History

  • Jun 2 Battle of Verdun: German troops, under Lt Rackow, launch attack on Fort Vaux with flamethrowers, forcing French defenders inside. The fort changes hand 16 times during the entire Battle of Verdun.
  • Jun 3 US National Defense Act establishes Reserve Officers Training Corps
  • Jun 4 General Aleksei Brusilov begins a massive Russian offensive on the Eastern Front (WWI)
  • Jun 5 The Sherif Hussein proclaims a revolt of the Arabs in the province of Hejaz, an action that undermines the Turkish Empire
  • Jun 6 Voters in East Cleveland approves women suffrage

Historic Event

Jun 6 The death of Yuan Shikai, ruler of much of China since 1912, causes the central government to virtually collapse in the face of warlords, including Sun Yat-sen

Historic Event

Jun 7 Theodore Roosevelt declines nomination of the Progressive Party and throws his support behind Republican Charles Evans Hughes

  • Jun 8 Battle of Verdun: Germans capture Fort Vaux after several days of intense fighting
  • Jun 10 Great Arab Revolt begins against ruling Ottoman turks

Presidential Convention

Jun 14 Democratic Convention convenes in St Louis; Woodrow Wilson campaigns on the slogan "he kept out of the war"

  • Jun 14 Representatives of eight Allied nations hold an economic conference in Paris at which they discuss ways to cripple their enemies economic power during and after the war
  • Jun 15 Boys Scouts of America forms

Historic Event

Jun 15 Boeing Model 1 [B & W Seaplane], the 1st Boeing product, flies for the 1st time

  • Jun 16 Boston Brave's Tom Hughes 2nd no-hitter beats Pitts, 2-0
  • Jun 16 Passing of the Military Services Bill introduces conscription in New Zealand
  • Jun 17 1st national congress of Sarekat Islam at Bandoeng Java
  • Jun 17 US troops under General Pershing march into Mexico
  • Jun 21 Mexican troops defeat US expeditionary force under General Pershing
  • Jun 25 Russian Tsar Nicolaas II fires minister of Foreign affairs Sasonov

Birthdays in History

  • Jun 4 Robert F. Furchgott, American pharmacologist (co-winner Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 1998), and educator, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 2009)
  • Jun 5 Jack Sutherland, Scottish journalist, born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 1996)

Francis Crick

Jun 8 Francis Crick, English molecular biologist who co-discovered DNA's structure and 1962 Nobel laureate, born in Northampton, England (d. 2004)

  • Jun 9 Robert McNamara, American United States Secretary of Defense (1961-68), played major role in US escalation in Vietnam, born in San Francisco, California (d. 2009)
  • Jun 12 Irwin Allen, American director (Land of the Giants, Poseidon Adventure), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)
  • Jun 15 Marshall Field IV, publisher/editor (Chic Daily News, Sunday Times)
  • Jun 17 Victor Dalby Lord, fictional character on "One Life to Live"
  • Jun 20 William Balchin, English geographer, born in Aldershot, England (d. 2007)
  • Jun 20 Jean-Jacques Bertrand, 21st Premier of Quebec (1968-70), born in Sainte-Agathe-des-Monts, Quebec, Canada (d. 1973)
  • Jun 21 Joe Bamford, British manufacturer and multi-millionaire, born in Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, England (d. 2001)
  • Jun 24 John Ciardi, poet/critic (translated Dante)
  • Jun 25 Philip Toynbee, British journalist and writer (Savage Days, Barricade), born in Oxford, England (d. 1981)
  • Jun 27 Arthur Walter Lucas, first Chief Restorer of the National Gallery, London, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Jun 29 David Donaldson, Painter and Limner to Her Majesty the Queen in Scotland, born in Chryston, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1996)

Deaths in History

Horatio Kitchener

Jun 5 Horatio Kitchener, British General who commanded British forces during the Battle of Omdurman (Sudan) and the Second Boer War who became British Secretary of State for War during WWI (1914-16), drowns at 65 after the HMS Hampshire struck a German mine

Yuan Shikai

Jun 6 Yuan Shikai, Chinese general and President of the Republic of China (1916), dies of uremia at 56

  • Jun 7 Émile Faguet, French writer and critic (b. 1847)
  • Jun 14 João Simões Lopes Neto, Brazilian writer (b. 1865)
  • Jun 18 Helmuth von Moltke, German chief general of staff, dies at 67
  • Jun 18 Max Immelmann, German pilot (1st flying ace of WWI), shot down over Northern France at 25
  • Jun 23 Victor Chapman, French-American pilot renowned during WW1 (1st American pilot to die in WW1), succumbs to wounds at age 26

Thomas Eakins

Jun 25 Thomas Eakins, American artist (The Gross Clinic), dies at 71

  • Jun 28 Ştefan Luchian, Romanian painter (b. 1868)