On This Day

March 1916 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic
  • Mar 8 US invades Cuba for 3rd time, this to end corrupt Menocal regime
  • Mar 9 Mexican General Francisco "Pancho" Villa invades US (18 killed)
  • Mar 9 Germany declares war against Portugal
  • Mar 12 French airship mistakenly attacks and sinks British submarine D3 with loss of all hands
  • Mar 14 Battle of Verdun: Germans capture Cumières-le-Mort-Homme and Chattancourt in France
  • Mar 15 Dutch merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed by German submarine & sinks in North Sea
  • Mar 15 General Pershing and 15,000 troops chase Pancho Villa into Mexico
  • Mar 15 University of Ghent taken under Dutch control
  • Mar 16 James Barries' "Kiss for Cinderella" premieres in London
  • Mar 16 US & Canada sign migratory bird treaty
  • Mar 20 Allies attack Zeebrugge Belgium
  • Mar 21 JP Van Limburg Stirum succeeds AWF Idenburg as Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
  • Mar 24 German submarines torpedo the unarmed French cross-channel packet 'Sussex'

Music releaseMusic Premiere

Mar 28 First performance of "Jerusalem" by George Parry set to words by William Blake at a 'Fight for Right' meeting at the Queen’s Hall, London

Poet and Artist William Blake
Poet and Artist
William Blake
  • Mar 31 Dutch government ends all military engagements

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 2 Anne Vondeling, Dutch politician (PvdA)
  • Mar 4 Giorgio Bassani, Italian writer (Botteghe Oscure)
  • Mar 4 Hans Eysenck, psychologist
  • Mar 8 Robert Wolfgang Schnell, German writer, born in Barmen, Germany (d. 1986)
  • Mar 8 John W. Seybold, American economist and computer typesetting pioneer, born in Newburgh, Indiana (d. 2004)

Person of interestHarold Wilson

Mar 11 Harold Wilson, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1964-70, 1974-76), born in Huddersfield, England (d. 1995)

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
  • Mar 11 Ezra Jack Keats, children's literature author (d. 1983)
  • Mar 13 Lindy Boggs [Marie Corinne Morrison Claiborne Boggs], American political administrator, born in New Roads, Louisiana (d. 2013)
  • Mar 13 Jacque Fresco, American industrial designer and founder of the Venus Project, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • Mar 15 Geert Lubberhuizen, publisher (Busy Bee)
  • Mar 15 Fadil Hoxha, Yugoslav politician (d. 2001)
  • Mar 16 Lloyd McBride, union president (United Steelworkers)
  • Mar 17 David Stafford-Clark, English psychiatrist, born in Bromley, Kent, England (d. 1999)
  • Mar 17 Donald Gibson, British vice-admiral, Fleet Air Arm pilot of the WWII
  • Mar 19 Irving Wallace, author (People's Almanac, The Man) [or Mar 18]
  • Mar 20 Pierre Messmer, PM (France)
  • Mar 24 Donald Hamilton, Swedish-American novelist (d. 2006)
  • Mar 26 Christian B Anfinsen, US chemist (cell physiology, Nobel 1972)
  • Mar 26 Mort Abrahams, American producer (Dr Doolittle, Planet Of Apes), born in New York

Person of interestEugene McCarthy

Mar 29 Eugene McCarthy, American politician (Sen-D-Minn) and presidential candidate, born in Watkins, Minnesota (d. 2005)

Politician and Presidential Candidate Eugene McCarthy
Politician and Presidential Candidate
Eugene McCarthy
  • Mar 29 John Paul, British colonial administrator, Governor-General (Bahamas), born in Weymouth, Dorset (d. 2004)
  • Mar 31 John H. Wood, Jr., American federal judge (d. 1979)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 2 Elisabeth OL [Carmen Sylva], Queen of Romania, dies at 72
  • Mar 4 Franz Marc, German painter/co-founder (Blaue Reiter), killed at 36
  • Mar 12 Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, Austrian writer (The Child of the Parish), dies at 39
  • Mar 19 Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (b. 1848)
  • Mar 20 Ota Benga, Congolese pygmy (b. 1884)
  • Mar 21 Victor de Stuers, Dutch art expert, dies at 72

Person of interestSusan Blow

Mar 27 Susan Blow, American educator who pioneered kindergarten education and was known as the "Mother of the Kindergarten", dies at 72

Educator and Kindergarten Director Susan Blow
Educator and Kindergarten Director
Susan Blow