On This Day

November 1916 in History

Events in History

  • Nov 1 Paul Miliukov delivers in the Russian State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government
  • Nov 2 Battle of Verdun: Fort Vaux reconquered from Germans by French troops without firing a shot
  • Nov 3 Treaty establishes British suzerainty over Qatar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 5 Emperors Wilhelm II (Germany) and Franz Joseph I (Austria-Hungary) establish the kingdom of Poland

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I
Austro-Hungarian Emperor
Franz Joseph I
  • Nov 5 Second Chamber accept initial impetus to general males/female suffrage
  • Nov 5 The Everett Massacre takes place in Everett, Washington as political differences lead to a shoot-out between IWW organizers and local police.
  • Nov 7 Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolayevich warns Tsar of uprising

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 7 Jeannette Rankin (Rep-R-Montana) is elected to Congress as its first woman Representative

1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin
1st Woman Elected to Congress
Jeannette Rankin

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 7 Amidst the Mexican Revolution and World War I, Woodrow Wilson is re-elected as President of the United States, defeating Republican candidate Charles E. Hughes

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Nov 9 Ammunitions ship explodes at Bakaritsa harbour, near Archangel, Soviet Union, approx. 600 killed, 800 injured (OS 26 Oct)
  • Nov 13 British offensive at Ancre, Belgium
  • Nov 13 Prime Minister of Australia Billy Hughes is expelled from the Labor Party over his support for conscription

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 15 Canadian pilot William George Barker flying over Ancre River, spots concentration of German troops massing for counter-attack on Beaumont Hamel, sends emergency Zone Call to break up German infantry apart. Barker later receives Military Cross

First World War Flying Ace William George Barker
First World War Flying Ace
William George Barker

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 16 Eugene O'Neill's "Bound East for Cardiff" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Playwright
Eugene O'Neill
  • Nov 16 Russian La Satannaya ammunition factory explodes, killing 1,000

Five Miles of Mud Costs a Million CasualtiesFive Miles of Mud Costs a Million Casualties

Nov 18 British General Douglas Haig finally calls off the 1st Battle of the Somme in World War I after more than 1 million soldiers had been killed or wounded

Read Article
Over the top: Thousands of British soldiers scrambled out of their trenches and were dead within minutes
Over the top: Thousands of British soldiers scrambled out of their trenches and were dead within minutes
Read Article
  • Nov 21 HMHS Britannic sinks in the Aegean Sea after a mine explodes, killing 30 people
  • Nov 24 Mexican and US representatives sign a protocol at Atlantic City, under which Pershing's troops will withdraw and each nation's army will guard the border. President Carranza of Mexico will refuse to accept it
  • Nov 26 Greece declares war on Germany
  • Nov 26 Addressing the Chamber of Commerce in Cincinnati, US President Woodrow Wilson declares that 'The business of neutrality is over. The nature of modern war leaves no state untouched'
  • Nov 28 1st German air attack on London
  • Nov 29 US declares martial law in Dominican Republic
  • Nov 30 Costa Rica becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.

Birthdays in History

  • Nov 4 Ruth Handler [née Mosko], American toy manufacturer (invented the Barbie doll), born in Denver, Colorado (d. 2002)
  • Nov 4 John Basilone, US Marine (Medal of Honor at the Battle for Henderson Field), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1945)
  • Nov 8 Peter Weiss, German author and playwright (Marat/Sade), born in Nowawes, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1982)
  • Nov 11 Eladio Rusconi, writer/publisher/businessman
  • Nov 14 Sherwood Schwartz, TV creator (Brady Bunch, Gilligan Is), born in Passaic, New Jersey
  • Nov 15 Dame Ruth Nita Barrow, 1st female Governor-General of Barbados (1990-95)
  • Nov 16 Daws Butler, American animation voice (Yogi Bear, Huckleberry Hound), born in Toledo, Ohio (d. 1988)
  • Nov 17 Winson Hudson, community activist (rural Mississippi)
  • Nov 20 Ferdinand Alphons Marie van der Ham, Dutch WW II resistance fighter, born in Voorburg, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • Nov 20 Robert A. Bruce, American cardiologist and pioneer (exercise cardiology), born in Somerville, Massachusetts (d. 2004)
  • Nov 20 John Elwyn, British painter, born in Adpar, Wales (d. 1997)
  • Nov 24 Forrest J Ackerman, invented the term "sci-fi"
  • Nov 28 Lilian Baels, Princess of Réthy, English 2nd wife of Belgian king Leopold III, born in London (d. 2002)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Nov 29 Erwin Rommel marries Lucie "Lu" Mollin

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel

Deaths in History


Person of interestPercival Lowell

Nov 12 Percival Lowell, American astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto) and founder of Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, dies of a stroke at 61

Astronomer Percival Lowell
Astronomer
Percival Lowell
  • Nov 14 Henry George, Jr., American politician (b. 1862)
  • Nov 14 Saki, British writer (b. 1870)
  • Nov 15 Henryk Sienkiewicz, Polish author (Quo Vadis, Nobel 1905), dies at 70
  • Nov 15 Luis Muñoz Rivera, Puerto Rican journalist (founded Federalist Party), dies at 57

Person of interestFranz Joseph I

Nov 21 Franz Joseph I, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, Croatia and Bohemia (1848-1916), dies of pneumonia at 86 after catching a cold taking a walk

Austro-Hungarian Emperor Franz Joseph I
Austro-Hungarian Emperor
Franz Joseph I
  • Nov 22 Jack London, American activist and author (Call of the Wild), dies at 40
  • Nov 24 Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim, American-born gunsmith (b. 1840)

Person of interestInez Milholland

Nov 25 Inez Milholland, American suffragist (National Woman's Party), labor lawyer and socialist, dies at 30 after suffering from pernicious anemia

Suffragist Inez Milholland
Suffragist
Inez Milholland
  • Nov 28 Marthinus Theunis Steyn, South African politician and President of Orange-Free state (1896-1902), dies at 59