October 1916 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 2 Zoological Society of San Diego founded, in San Diego, California
  • Oct 4 Market Street's "Path of Gold" lit for 1st time
  • Oct 7 The German submarine U-53 arrives off Newport, Rhode Island, and sinks 9 British merchant ships in international waters
  • Oct 14 The Perm State University was founded in Russia.

Event of Interest

Oct 16 Margaret Sanger opens 1st birth control clinic in the US at 46 Amboy St, Brooklyn

Meeting of Interest

Oct 16 T. E. Lawrence (of Arabia) meets with Fasal Hoessein

  • Oct 17 Dutch women demonstrate for female suffrage

Event of Interest

Oct 19 France extends formal recognition of the Provisional Government in Crete proclaimed Eleftherios Venizelos

Event of Interest

Oct 22 US suffragette Inez Milholland collapses during a speech in Los Angeles (dies weeks later). Her last word's are to President Woodrow Wilson “Mr. President, how long must women wait for liberty?”

  • Oct 24 Moroccan troops capture Ft Douaumont
  • Oct 26 American sex educator Margaret Sanger arrested for obscenity (advocating birth control)
  • Oct 27 Battle of Segale: Negus Mikael, marching on the Ethiopian capital in support of his son Emperor Iyasus V, is defeated by Fitawrari abte Giyorgis, securing the throne for Empress Zauditu.
  • Oct 28 Australian government holds a national referendum seeking support for the proposal of compulsory conscription; it is rejected
  • Oct 31 Clare Kummer's play "Good Gracious Annabelle" premieres in NYC

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 1 Tibor Reich, British textile designer (Tibor Ltd), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1996)

James HerriotJames Herriot (1916-1995)

Oct 3 British veterinarian and novelist (All Creatures Great and Small), born in Sunderland, County Durham

  • Oct 3 María de los Ángeles Alvariño González, Spanish marine biologist and oceanographer, born in El Ferrol, Spain (d. 2005)
  • Oct 4 Owen Tudor Williams, English civil engineer (built UK motorways including spaghetti junction) , born in London, England (d. 1996)
  • Oct 5 Douglas Ranger, British surgeon, born in Furness, Lancashire (d. 1997)
  • Oct 7 Walt Rostow, American economist and political theorist (The Stages of Economic Growth: A Non-Communist Manifesto), born in NYC, New York (d. 2003)
  • Oct 8 Spark Matsunaga, United States Senator from Hawaii (1977-90), born in Kukuiula, Hawaii (d. 1990)
  • Oct 14 C. Everett Koop, 13th US Surgeon General (1982-89), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2013)
  • Oct 16 George Turner, Australian author (d. 1997)
  • Oct 19 Toby Rowland, American theatrical manager (London), b0rn in Libby, Montana (d. 1994)
  • Oct 22 Michael Fitzalan-Howard, British General (Gold Stick-in-Waiting to the UK Monarch) (d. 2007)

François MitterrandFrançois Mitterrand (1916-1996)

Oct 26 21st President of France (1981-95), born in Jarnac, France

  • Oct 27 Kazimierz Brandys, Polish essayist and writer, born in Łódź, Poland (d. 2000)
  • Oct 28 Jessie Kesson, Scottish writer and radio producer, born in Inverness (d. 1994)
  • Oct 31 Carl Johan Bernadotte, formerly Prince of Sweden, born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 2012)

Weddings in History

Rube Goldberg

Oct 17 Cartoonist Rube Goldberg (33) weds Irma Seeman

Deaths in History

  • Oct 2 Benjamin Kidd, English sociologist (Social Evolution), dies of heart disease at 58
  • Oct 16 Klaas/old stick Kater, christian worker's union leader, dies at 73
  • Oct 21 Karl von Stürgkh, Austrian nobleman and politician (Prime Minister, 1911-16), assassinated at 56
  • Oct 26 Klaas Kater, Dutch Christian Worker's Union Leader, dies at 83
  • Oct 28 Cleveland Abbe, American meteorologist (Father of Weather Bureau), dies at 77
  • Oct 28 Oswald Boelcke, German pilot (b. 1891)

Charles Taze RussellCharles Taze Russell (1852-1916)

Oct 31 American religious leader (founder of the Bible School Movement that led to Jehovah's Witnesses), dies at 64