On This Day

September 1916 in History

Events in History

  • Sep 1 Bulgaria declares war on Romania
  • Sep 1 US Keating-Owen Act bans child labor banned from interstate commerce
  • Sep 1 Annie Besant founds the India Home Rule League
  • Sep 3 Battle of Verdun: French counterattacks on German flanks push their frontline further from the town

Historic Event

Sep 3 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Adamson Act, providing an 8-hour day on interstate railroads, preventing a national railroad strike

First Supermarket

Sep 6 1st true supermarket, the "Piggly Wiggly" is opened by Clarence Saunders in Memphis, Tennessee

  • Sep 7 Giants beat Brooklyn 4-1, to launch NY's record 26-game winning streak
  • Sep 7 Workmen's Compensation Act passed by Congress
  • Sep 8 US President Woodrow Wilson signs the Emergency Revenue Act, doubling the rate of income tax and adding inheritance and munitions profits tax
  • Sep 11 German troops conquer Kavalla Greece
  • Sep 11 The Quebec Bridge's central span collapses during reconstruction, killing 11 men
  • Sep 14 Christy Mathewson pitches & wins his final game

1st Use of Tanks in War

Sep 15 First use of tanks in warfare, "Little Willies" at Battle of Flers-Courcelette, part of the Battle of the Somme

  • Sep 17 40,000 Amsterdam demonstrators demand general voting right

Historic Event

Sep 17 WWI flying ace The Red Baron of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France

  • Sep 19 First landing at Schiphol Airport, Netherlands (Farman F-22 of Soesterberg)
  • Sep 19 Belgian troops conquer Tabora, German East Africa
  • Sep 24 Indians' Marty Kavanaugh, hits AL's 1st pinch-hit grand slam
  • Sep 26 Bishop speak against Catholics in trade unions
  • Sep 27 1st Native American Day celebrated, honoring American Indians
  • Sep 27 Emperor Lidj Jasu of Ethiopia flees a palace coup by his aunt Zauditu

Historic Event

Sep 29 American oil tycoon John D. Rockefeller becomes the world's first billionaire

Historic Event

Sep 30 Eleftherios Venizelos announces he is forming a Provisional Government in Crete as an alternative to the one in Athens; he is determined to bring Greece into the war on the side of the Allies


Birthdays in History

  • Sep 1 Sydney Dawson Bailey, pacifist/campaigner
  • Sep 4 Robert A. W. Lowndes, American sci-fi author (Puzzle Planet) (d. 1988)
  • Sep 5 Frank Yerby, American novelist (The Foxes of Harrow), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1991)

Roald Dahl

Sep 13 Roald Dahl, British author (Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, The BFG), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 1990)

  • Sep 14 Eric Bentley, British-American critic and writer (In Search of Theater), born in Bolton, Lancashire, England
  • Sep 16 Don Ryder, Baron Ryder of Eaton Hastings, CEO (Intl Publishing House), born in Brentford, Middlesex (d. 2003)
  • Sep 16 Willem Noordhoek, Dutch photographer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1995)
  • Sep 16 Frank Leslie Walcott, Barbadian labour leader, born in Saint Peter, Barbados (d. 1999)
  • Sep 16 Julius B. Richmond, 12th US Surgeon General (1977-81) created Head Start program, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • Sep 17 Mary Stewart, British sci-fi author (Crystal Cave), born in Sunderland, England (d. 2014)
  • Sep 17 Ove Abildgaard, Danish poet (Uglegylp), born in Lemvig, Denmark (d. 1990)
  • Sep 17 Oswald Garrison Villard Jr., American Engineer (electronics) who invented the over-the-horizon radar that could detect objects thousands of miles away and peer around the Earth's curvature, born in Dobbs Ferry, New York
  • Sep 17 Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal, Mongolian politician (Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural (President), 1974-84; Prime Minister, 1952-74; General Secretary of the Mongolian People's Party, 1940-54), born in Davst sum, Uvs aimag, Outer Mongolia (d. 1991)
  • Sep 18 John Jacob Rhodes, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona), born in Council Grove, Kansas (d. 2003)
  • Sep 18 Frank Bell, British educator and founder of The Bell Educational Trust Limited (d. 1989)
  • Sep 21 Jagernath Lachmon, Surinamese politician, born in Nickerie, Suriname (d. 2001)
  • Sep 21 Françoise Giroud, French journalist and politician (French Minister of Culture), born in Lausanne, Switzerland (d. 2003)

Aldo Moro

Sep 23 Aldo Moro, Italian Prime Minister (1963-68 and 1974-76), born in Maglie, Italy (d. 1978)

  • Sep 24 John Lapsley, British air marshal, born in India (d. 1995)
  • Sep 25 Jessica Anderson, Australian novelist (Tirra Lirra By The River; The Impersonators), born in Gayndah, Queensland, Australia (d. 2010)
  • Sep 27 Samuel S. Stratton, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Yonkers, New York (d. 1990)
  • Sep 27 Frank Handlen, American artist
  • Sep 28 Lord Cockfield, Horsham, United Kingdom, British politician (European Commissioner)
  • Sep 29 Carl Ronald Giles, English cartoonist (Giles), born in London, England (d. 1995)

Deaths in History

  • Sep 4 José Echegaray, Spanish politician and dramatist (Nobel Prize for Literature 1904), dies at 84
  • Sep 14 Josiah Royce, American philosopher (Conception of Immortality), dies at 60
  • Sep 14 Pierre Duhem, French naturalist, philosopher and historian, dies at 55
  • Sep 16 Basil W. Duke, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 78
  • Sep 27 Emile A G Verhaeren, Belgian writer (Les Heures du Soir), dies at 61