1916 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 254

  • May 18 US pilot Kiffin Rockwell shoots down German aircraft
  • May 18 A British Royal Inquiry into the Easter Rising in Dublin is set up in London
  • May 19 Escadrille Américaine (Lafayette) transfered to Verdun
  • May 20 Codell, Kansas hit by tornado (also on same date in 1917 & 1918)
  • May 20 Saturday Evening Post cover features Norman Rockwell painting
  • May 21 Britain begins "Summer Time" (daylight saving time)
  • May 22 French troops occupy parts of Fort Douaumont Verdun
  • May 23 Heavy battles at Fort Douaumont Verdun
  • May 24 Conscription begins in Britain
  • May 24 French driven out of Fort Douaumont after 500 killed or injured
  • May 24 Last British-Indian contract workers arrive in Suriname
  • May 24 US pilot William Thaw shoots down a German Fokker
  • May 27 Groundbreaking begins on Hugh Grant Circle in Bronx

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 27 President Woodrow Wilson addresses the League to Enforce Peace, founded in 1915, and gives public support to the idea of a league of nations

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • May 29 Official flag of President of the United States adopted
  • May 29 US forces invade Dominican Republic, stay until 1924

Battle of InterestBattle of Jutland

May 31 Battle of Jutland: Largest naval battle of World War I between the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet which killed 8,645 in an inconclusive battle but strategic British victory. German fleet never puts to sea again in WWI.
More >>

  • May 31 Battle of Jutland: British battle cruiser HMS Invincible explodes, only 6 crew members survive
  • Jun 1 German attack on Fort Vaux, Verdun
  • Jun 2 German troops under Lt Rackow take Fort Vaux
  • Jun 3 US National Defense Act establishes Reserve Officers Training Corps
  • Jun 4 General Aleksei Brusilov begins a massive Russian offensive on the Eastern Front (WWI)
  • Jun 5 The Sherif Hussein proclaims a revolt of the Arabs in the province of Hejaz, an action that undermines the Turkish Empire
  • Jun 6 Voters in East Cleveland approves women suffrage

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 6 With the death of Yuan Shikai, who has ruled much of China since 1912, the central government virtually collapses in the face of warlords who assert themselves, including Sun Yat-sen

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • Jun 7 Germany troop march into Fort Faux, Verdun

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 7 Theodore Roosevelt declines nomination of the Progressive Party and throws his support behind Republican Charles Evans Hughes

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • Jun 10 Great Arab Revolt begins against ruling Ottoman turks
  • Jun 14 Democratic Convention convenes in St Louis; Woodrow Wilson campaigns on the slogan "he kept out of the war"
  • Jun 14 Representatives of eight Allied nations hold an economic conference in Paris at which they discuss ways to cripple their enemies economic power during and after the war
  • Jun 15 Boys Scouts of America forms
  • Jun 16 Boston Brave's Tom Hughes 2nd no-hitter beats Pitts, 2-0
  • Jun 16 Passing of the Military Services Bill introduces conscription in New Zealand
  • Jun 17 1st national congress of Sarekat Islam at Bandoeng Java
  • Jun 17 US troops under General Pershing march into Mexico
  • Jun 21 Mexican troops defeat US expeditionary force under Gen. Pershing
  • Jun 25 Russian Tsar Nicolaas II fires minister of Foreign affairs Sasonov

BattleBattle of Interest

Jun 30 General Douglas Haig reports "The men are in splendid spirits" the day before the Battle of the Somme began

General and WWI Military Leader Douglas Haig
General and WWI Military Leader
Douglas Haig
  • Jul 1 British court martial (Easter uprising)
  • Jul 1 Coca-Cola brings current coke formula to the market
  • Jul 1 1st of 4 fatal Jersey Shore shark attacks occur at Beach Haven when Charles Vansant (25) bled to death, challenging previous scientific belief that sharks never hurt humans, and sparking popular fear over sharks which persists today

  • Jul 1 First day of the Battle of the Somme: the British Army suffers its worst day, losing 19,240 men (WWI)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 2 Lenin says Imperialism is caused by capitalism

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Jul 2 Russian offensive in Armenia
  • Jul 6 2nd of 4 fatal Jersey Shore shark attacks occur at Spring Lake when Charles Bruder (27) bled to death, 5 days after the 1st
  • Jul 7 The New Zealand Labour party is formed
  • Jul 9 1st cargo submarine to cross Atlantic arrives in US from Germany
  • Jul 11 US Congress passes Federal Aid Road Act
  • Jul 11 Germany launches final offensive in the Battle of Verdun
  • Jul 12 3rd and 4th of 4 fatal Jersey Shore shark attacks occurs at Matawan Creek when epileptic Lester Stilwell (11) is dragged into a creek and Watson Fisher (24), believing Silwell had a seizure, is bitten while retreiving the body and subsequently bleeds to death
  • Jul 12 Joseph Dunn (14) is attacked by a shark, suffering non-fatal wounds in New Jersey, the final episode in a spate of shark attacks along the Jersey coast where 4 people died over 12 days
  • Jul 14 33.6 cm rainfall at Effingham SC (state record)
  • Jul 14 St Louis Brown Ernie Koob pitches all 17 inns in a 0-0 tie vs Boston
  • Jul 15 22.22" (56.4 cm) of rain falls in Altapass NC (state record)
  • Jul 15 Boeing Company (Pacific Aero) formed by William Boeing in Seattle Wash
  • Jul 22 A bomb explodes during a Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco killing 10
  • Jul 25 Explosion at Lake Erie and Cleveland Waterworks
  • Jul 26 The US Protests the 'Blacklist' issued by the British forbidding trade with some 30 US firms
  • Jul 30 German saboteurs blow up a munitions plant on Black Tom Island, New Jersey
  • Aug 1 Hawaii National Park forms
  • Aug 1 Annie Besant founds the India Home Rule League
  • Aug 2 World War I: Austrian sabotage causes the sinking of the Italian battleship Leonardo da Vinci in Taranto
  • Aug 4 Denmark cedes Danish West Indies, including the Virgin Islands, to the US for $25 million
  • Aug 4 The Turks attack the British line at Romani in the northern Sinai (WWI)
  • Aug 8 A's set AL record with 19th consecutive loss on road
  • Aug 10 Turks annex Persian city Hamadan from Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 12 Picasso, Max Jacob, Kisling, Ortiz & Paquerette photographed in Paris

Painter Pablo Picasso
Painter
Pablo Picasso
  • Aug 17 Bulgarian offensive in Macedonia
  • Aug 21 Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, arrested by the British
  • Aug 23 Military court of Berlin sentences socialist Karl Liebknecht to 4 years
  • Aug 25 US Department of Interior forms National Park Service
  • Aug 26 Philadelphia A's Bullet Joe Bush no-hits Cleve, 5-0
  • Aug 26 Yanks turn triple-play beating Browns 10-6
  • Aug 27 Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary
  • Aug 28 Germany declares war on Romania
  • Aug 28 Italy declares war against Germany
  • Aug 29 Congress creates US Naval Reserve
  • Aug 29 Transport ship Hsin-Yu & cruiser Hai-Yung collide; 1,000 die
  • Aug 29 US Congress accepts Jones Act: Philippines independence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 29 General Paul von Hindenburg replaces Von Falkenhayn as German chief of staff

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • Aug 30 Boston's Dutch Leonard no-hits St Louis Browns, 4-0
  • Sep 1 Bulgaria declares war on Romania
  • Sep 1 US Keating-Owen Act (child labor banned from interstate commerce)
  • Sep 3 Allies turned back Germans in Battle of Verdun
  • Sep 3 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Adamson Act, providing an 8-hour day on interstate railroads, preventing a national railroad strike

Historic InventionFirst Supermarket

Sep 6 1st true supermarket, the "Piggly Wiggly" is opened by Clarence Saunders in Memphis, Tennessee
More >>

  • Sep 7 Giants beat Brooklyn 4-1, to launch NY's record 26-game winning streak
  • Sep 7 Workmen's Compensation Act passed by Congress
  • Sep 8 US President Woodrow Wilson signs the Emergency Revenue Act, doubling the rate of income tax and adding inheritance and munitions profits tax
  • Sep 11 German troops conquer Kavalla Greece
  • Sep 11 The Quebec Bridge's central span collapses during reconstruction, killing 11 men, following initially total collapsed on August 29, 1907.
  • Sep 14 Christy Mathewson pitches & wins his final game
  • Sep 15 First use of tanks in warfare, "Little Willies" at Battle of Flers-Courcelette, part of the Battle of the Somme
  • Sep 17 40,000 Amsterdam demonstrators demand general voting right

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 17 The Red Baron [Manfred von Richthofen], WWI flying ace of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • Sep 19 First landing at Schiphol Airport, Netherlands (Farman F-22 of Soesterberg)
  • Sep 19 Belgian troops conquer Tabora, German East Africa
  • Sep 24 Indians' Marty Kavanaugh, hits AL's 1st pinch-hit grand slam
  • Sep 26 Bishop speak against Catholics in trade unions
  • Sep 27 1st Native American Day celebrated, honoring American Indians

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 234

  • May 21 Leonard Manasseh, British architect (Rutherford School), born in Singapore (d. 2017)
  • May 23 Margaret Hayden Rector, playwright (living legacy award 1995)
  • May 24 Roden Cutler, Governor (New South Wales)
  • May 25 Lou van Rees, Dutch impresario [or May 29]
  • May 26 Henriette Roosenburg, Dutch journalist (d. 1972)
  • May 27 Norman Griggs, VP (Building Society Association)
  • May 28 Gerald McArthur, detective
  • May 28 Walker Percy, writer (Adventures of a Bad Catholic), born in Birmingham, Alabama
  • May 30 Joseph W Kennedy, scientist (1 of 4 discoverers of plutonium)
  • May 31 Bert Haanstra, Holten Netherlands, director (Fanfare)
  • Jun 4 Fernand Leduc, Canadian painter (The Automatistes)
  • Jun 4 Robert Furchgott, Charleston South Carolina, American Chemist and Nobel Laureate
  • Jun 5 Jack Sutherland, journalist

Person of interestFrancis Crick

Jun 8 Francis Crick, English molecular biologist who co-discovered DNA's structure and 1962 Nobel laureate, born in Northampton, England (d. 2004)

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
  • Jun 9 Robert McNamara, American United States Secretary of Defense (1961-8), who played a major role in US escalation in Vietnam, born in San Francisco, California (d. 2009)
  • Jun 9 Robert S McNamara, US Sec of Defense (1961-68)/head (World Bank)
  • Jun 12 Irwin Allen, American director (Land of the Giants, Poseidon Adventure), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)
  • Jun 14 Geoffrey Goodwin, British professor of international relations
  • Jun 15 Marshall Field IV, publisher/editor (Chic Daily News, Sunday Times)
  • Jun 17 Victor Dalby Lord, fictional character on "One Life to Live"
  • Jun 20 William Balchin, English geographer, born in Aldershot, England (d. 2007)
  • Jun 20 Jean-Jacques Bertrand, premier of Quebec (d. 1973)
  • Jun 21 Joe Bamford, British manufacturer and multi-millionaire, born in Uttoxeter, Staffordshire, England (d. 2001)
  • Jun 24 John Ciardi, poet/critic (translated Dante)
  • Jun 25 Philip Toynbee, British journalist and writer (Savage Days, Barricade), born in Oxford, England (d. 1981)
  • Jun 26 Paul Derrick, co-operator/Christian socialist
  • Jun 27 Arthur Walter Lucas, first Chief Restorer of the National Gallery, London, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Jun 29 David Donaldson, Painter and Limner to Her Majesty the Queen in Scotland, born in Chryston, Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Jul 2 Barry Gray, [Bernard Yaroslaw], interviewer (started call-in radio)
  • Jul 2 Hans-Ulrich Rudel, Combat pilot and highest-decorated German soldier of WWII (d. 1982)
  • Jul 4 Tokyo Rose [Iva Toguri D'Aquino], American-born Japanese propagandist (WWII), born in Los Angeles (d. 2006)
  • Jul 6 Unica Zürn, German writer and artist, born in Berlin (d. 1970)
  • Jul 7 Luc Peire, Flemish painter and graphic artist

Person of interestEdward Heath

Jul 9 Edward Heath, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1970-74), born in Broadstairs, England (d. 2005)

British Prime Minister Edward Heath
British Prime Minister
Edward Heath
  • Jul 11 Gough Whitlam, (ALP) Australia, PM (1972-75)
  • Jul 14 Natalia Ginzburg, Italian author (Family dictionary)
  • Jul 14 Phyllis Stedman, politician
  • Jul 15 George Maduro, Dutch Antillian resistance fighter (Willemsorde/Madurodam), born in Willemstad, Curaçao (d. 1945)
  • Jul 16 Harold Locke, archdeacon of Loughborough
  • Jul 18 Isaäc Arend Diepenhorst, Dutch lawyer and Minister of Education, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2004)
  • Jul 18 Kenneth Armitage, English sculptor, born in Leeds, England (d. 2002)
  • Jul 19 James D. Ramage, American Naval Aviator in World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War and the Cold War, born in Waterloo, Iowa (d. 2012)
  • Jul 22 Hipolito Ocalia, Curacao landscape painter, born in Curaçao (d. 1984)
  • Jul 23 Ronald Ridout, English school textbook author (English Today), born in Farnham, Surrey (d. 1994)
  • Jul 24 John D. MacDonald, American novelist (Deep Blue Goodbye), born in Sharon, Pennsylvania (d. 1986)
  • Jul 25 Lucien Saulnier, Canadian politician, born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada (d. 1989)
  • Jul 27 Amha Selassie, Crown prince of Ethiopia and son of emperor Haile Selassi, born in Harar, Ethiopian Empire (d. 1997)
  • Jul 30 Robert van Spaendonck, Dutch resistance fighter, born in Tilburg, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • Jul 31 Sibte Hassan, Pakistani activist, journalist and writer, born in Ambari Azamgarh Uttar Pradesh, India (d. 1986)
  • Aug 1 David Pollock, Viscount Hanworth, British barrister (d. 1996)
  • Aug 1 Anne Hébert, French Canadian author and poet (Kamouraska), born in Sainte-Catherine-de-Fossambault, Quebec, Canada (d. 2000)
  • Aug 2 Reginald Murley, British surgeon (President of the Royal College of Surgeons) (d. 1997)
  • Aug 6 Dom Mintoff, Maltese Prime Minister (1955-58, 1971-84), born in Bormla, Malta (d. 2012)
  • Aug 14 Andrew Kay, surgeon/professor of surgery (U of Glasgow)
  • Aug 15 Aleks Çaçi, Albanian writer (That way Myzeqe), born in Palasë, Himara, Albania (d. 1989)
  • Aug 17 John de Young, resistance fighter
  • Aug 21 William John Raff Hooper, British cartoonist (Percy Prune), born in Lichfield, Staffordshire, England (d. 1996)
  • Aug 24 Anita V Figueredo, American physician and humanitarian, born in Costa Rica (d. 2010)
  • Aug 25 Frederick Robbins, American pediatrician and bacteriologist (Nobel 1954), born in Auburn, Alabama (d. 2003)
  • Aug 25 Saburo Sakai, Japanese aviator and flying ace of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II, born in Saga District, Japan (d. 2000)
  • Aug 26 Allan Leslie Merson, historian
  • Aug 28 C. Wright Mills, American sociologist and writer (The Power Elite), born in Waco, Texas (d. 1962)
  • Aug 28 Jack [Holbrook] Vance, American sci-fi author (2 Hugo, Dirdir, Pnume), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2013)
  • Aug 30 John Thoday, British geneticist, born in Chinley, Derbyshire (d. 2008)
  • Aug 30 Kenneth Keith, Lord Keith of Castleacre, English banker, born in Castle Acre, England (d. 2004)
  • Sep 1 Sydney Dawson Bailey, pacifist/campaigner
  • Sep 4 Robert A. W. Lowndes, American sci-fi author (Puzzle Planet) (d. 1988)
  • Sep 5 Frank Yerby, American novelist (The Foxes of Harrow), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1991)
  • Sep 6 Anne Cavendish-Bentinck, English landowner and member of British nobility (d. 2008)
  • Sep 10 Niall MacDermott, lawyer/politician

Person of interestRoald Dahl

Sep 13 Roald Dahl, British author (Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, The BFG), born in Cardiff, Wales (d. 1990)

Author Roald Dahl
Author
Roald Dahl
  • Sep 14 Eric Bentley, British-American critic and writer (In Search of Theater), born in Bolton, Lancashire, England
  • Sep 16 Lord Ryder of Eaton hastings, CEO (Intl Publishing House)
  • Sep 16 Willem Noordhoek, photographer
  • Sep 16 Frank Leslie Walcott, Barbadian labour leader (d. 1999)
  • Sep 16 Julius B. Richmond, 12th US Surgeon General (1977-81) created Head Start program, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2008)
  • Sep 17 Mary Stewart, British sci-fi author (Crystal Cave), born in Sunderland, England (d. 2014)
  • Sep 17 Ove J Abildgaard, Danish poet (Uglegylp)
  • Sep 17 Oswald Garrison Villard Jr., American Engineer (electronics) who invented the over-the-horizon radar that could detect objects thousands of miles away and peer around the Earth's curvature, born in Dobbs Ferry, New York
  • Sep 18 John Jacob Rhodes, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona), born in Council Grove, Kansas (d. 2003)
  • Sep 18 Frank Bell, British educator and founder of The Bell Educational Trust Limited (d. 1989)
  • Sep 21 Jagernath Lachmon, Surinamese politician, born in Nickerie, Suriname (d. 2001)
  • Sep 21 Françoise Giroud, French journalist and politician (French Minister of Culture), born in Lausanne, Switzerland (d. 2003)

Person of interestAldo Moro

Sep 23 Aldo Moro, Italian Prime Minister (1963-68 and 1974-76), born in Maglie, Italy (d. 1978)

Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro
Italian Prime Minister
Aldo Moro
  • Sep 24 John Lapsley, British air marshal, born in India (d. 1995)
  • Sep 27 Samuel S. Stratton, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), born in Yonkers, New York (d. 1990)
  • Sep 27 Frank Handlen, American artist
  • Sep 28 Lord Cockfield, Horsham, United Kingdom, British politician (European Commissioner)
  • Sep 29 Carl Ronald Giles, cartoonist
  • Oct 1 Tibor Reich, textile designer
  • Oct 3 María de los Ángeles Alvariño González, Spanish marine biologist and oceanographer, born in El Ferrol, Spain (d. 2005)

Person of interestJames Herriot

Oct 3 James Herriot [Alfred Wight], English veterinarian and novelist (All Creatures Great and Small), born in Sunderland, County Durham (d. 1995)

Novelist James Herriot
Novelist
James Herriot
  • Oct 4 Owen Tudor Williams, civil engineer
  • Oct 5 Douglas Ranger, British surgeon, born in Furness, Lancashire (d. 1997)
  • Oct 7 Walt W Rostow, American economist (Politics & Stages of Growth), born in NYC, New York
  • Oct 8 Spark Matsunaga, United States Senator from Hawaii (1977-90), born in Kukuiula, Hawaii (d. 1990)
  • Oct 14 C. Everett Koop, 13th US Surgeon General (1982-89), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2013)
  • Oct 16 George Turner, Australian author (d. 1997)
  • Oct 18 Peter Shepherd, English contractor/multi-millionaire
  • Oct 19 Toby Rowland, theatrical manager

Weddings in History


Deaths in History