On This Day

July 1917 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 257cm-mirror for Mount Wilson Observatory mounted
  • Jul 1 Race riots in East St Louis, Illinois (40 to 200 reported killed)
  • Jul 2 Riots in East St Louis, Missouri
  • Jul 3 Spontaneous demonstration at Tauride Palace, Petrograd

RussiaRed October

Jul 4 Troops of the Russian Provisional Government open fire on protesters in Petrograd during the 'July Days' of unrest

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Protesters scatter in Petrograd shortly after Russian government troops opened fire
Protesters scatter in Petrograd shortly after Russian government troops opened fire
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Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jul 6 T. E. Lawrence captures port of Aqaba from Turks

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence

Historic CommunicationHMS Vanguard Disaster

Jul 9 British battleship HMS Vanguard explodes at Scapa Flow (the result of an internal explosion of faulty cordite), killing 804

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HMS Vanguard in 1909
HMS Vanguard in 1909
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  • Jul 10 Emma Goldman imprisoned for obstructing draft
  • Jul 12 The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona
  • Jul 13 Vision of Virgin Mary appears to children of Fatima, Portugal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 17 Royal Proclamation by King George V changes name of British Royal family from German Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • Jul 20 Pact of Corfu signed: Serbs, Croats & Slovenes form Yugoslavia
  • Jul 20 WW I draft lottery held; #258 is 1st drawn
  • Jul 21 Russian Revolution: Socialist Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian Prime Minister
  • Jul 22 British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades
  • Jul 23 Cleveland Metropolitan Park District establishes
  • Jul 25 Sir Thomas Whyte introduces the first income tax in Canada as a "temporary" measure (lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 J. Edgar Hoover gets job in US Department of Justice

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Jul 27 World War I: Allied troops reach the Yser Canal in the prelude to the Battle of Passchendaele

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Silent Parade organised by James Weldon Johnson of 10,000 African-Americans who march on 5th Ave in NYC to protest against lynching

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • Jul 30 Board of Commissioners of Cleveland Metroparks has its 1st meeting
  • Jul 31 World War I: Battle of Passchendaele (Third Battle of Ypres) begins, goes on to cause approximately 500,000 casualties

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 2 Pierre H. Dubois, Dutch literary and critic, born in Amsterdam (d. 1999)
  • Jul 4 Manolete [Manuel Laureano Rodríguez Sánchez], Spanish bullfighter, born in Córdoba, Andalucia, Spain (d. 1947)
  • Jul 7 Lawrence F O'Brien, (Watergate conspirators broke into his office)
  • Jul 7 Fidel Sánchez Hernández, Salvadoran politician (d. 2003)
  • Jul 10 Reg Smythe, English cartoonist (Andy Capp), born in Hartlepool, County Durham, England (d. 1998)
  • Jul 12 Andrew Wyeth, American realist painter (Christina's World), born in Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania (d. 2009)

Person of interestBen Enwonwu

Jul 14 Ben Enwonwu, Nigerian painter (Portrait of Tutu), born in Onitsha, Nigeria (d. 1994)

Artist Ben Enwonwu
Artist
Ben Enwonwu
  • Jul 15 Robert Conquest, English historian and poet (The Great Terror), born in Great Malvern, Worcestershire (d. 2015)
  • Jul 17 Kenan Evren, Turkish soldier and politician, (President of Turkey 1980-1989 by military coup), born in Alaşehir, Manisa Province (d. 2015)
  • Jul 19 Robert Aitken, Zen co-founder (Diamond Sangha), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2010)
  • Jul 19 William Scranton, American Republican Party politician and diplomat, born in Madison, Connecticut (d. 2013)
  • Jul 22 H. Boyd Woodruff, American microbiologist whose research led to antibiotics, born in Bridgeton, New Jersey (d. 2017)
  • Jul 23 Charles Kerruish, Manx politician and President of Tyndwald Isle of Man, born in Isle of Man (d. 2003)
  • Jul 23 John Stokes, British MP (C), born in Sandy, Bedfordshire (d. 2003)
  • Jul 24 John Hillaby, English writer and traveller, born in England (d. 1996)
  • Jul 27 John Cunningham, British Royal Air Force night fighter ace (WW II), born in Croydon, Surrey, England (d. 2002)
  • Jul 27 Robert Cowans, executive director (British Aerospace)
  • Jul 27 Isabelle Kelley, American social worker credited with instigating the US Federal Food Stamp Program, born in Ellington, Connecticut (d. 1997)

Deaths in History

  • Jul 4 Johan H C Kern, Dutch linguist (Sanskreet), dies at 84
  • Jul 8 Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (b. 1877)
  • Jul 12 François Fournier, Swiss-French postage stamp forger, dies at 71
  • Jul 21 Christopher J Forster, British RAF-pilot/capt, dies in battle
  • Jul 27 Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss surgeon, Thyroid specialist (Nobel 1909), dies at 75
  • Jul 31 Francis Ledwidge, Irish poet (b. 1881)
  • Jul 31 Hedd Wyn, Welsh poet (b. 1887)