On This Day

November 1917 in History

Events in History

  • Nov 2 In WWI the 1st US soldiers are killed in combat: James Gresham, Thomas Enright and Merle Hay

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 2 Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • Nov 2 Lansing-Ishii Agreement; US recognizes Japan's privileges in China
  • Nov 3 1st class US mail now costs 3 cents per ounce
  • Nov 5 Gen Pershing & US troops see action on Western Front for 1st time
  • Nov 5 Supreme Court decision (Buchanan v Warley) strikes down Louisville, Kentucky, ordinance requiring backs & whites to live in separate areas
  • RussiaRed October

    Nov 6 [OS Oct 24] Bolshevik revolution begins with bombardment of the Winter Palace in Petrograd during the Russian October Revolution

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    Protesters scatter in Petrograd shortly after Russian government troops opened fire
    Protesters scatter in Petrograd shortly after Russian government troops opened fire
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    • Nov 6 New York State adopts a constitutional amendment giving women the right to vote in state elections
    • Nov 7 British capture Gaza, Palestine, from Turks

    Event of interestEvent of Interest

    Nov 7 [OS Oct 25] October Revolution in Russia; Lenin and the Bolsheviks seize power, capture the Winter Palace and overthrow the Provisional Government.

    Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
    Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
    Vladimir Lenin
    • Nov 7 The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic is proclaimed; first Council of People's Commissars is formed with Vladimir Lenin as leader and including Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin
    • Nov 8 Telephone Co runs 1st advertisement for Army operators, receives 7,000 applicants
    • Nov 10 41 suffragists are arrested in front of White House
    • Nov 10 Faure's 2nd Violo Sonate premieres
    • Nov 10 New bolshevik government under Lenin suspends freedom of press (temporary) during October Revolution
    • Nov 16 British occupy Tel Aviv and Jaffa
    • Nov 17 Lenin defends "temporary" removal of freedom of the press
    • Nov 18 Sigma Alpha Rho, a Jewish high school fraternity, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
    • Nov 20 1st successful tank use in battle, at the Battle of Cambrai in World War I as Britain uses the new technology to break through German lines
    • Nov 20 Ukrainian Republic declared

    Event of interestEvent of Interest

    Nov 21 Maxim Gorky calls Vladimir Lenin a blind fanatic and unthinking adventurer

    Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
    Playwright & Author
    Maxim Gorky
    Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
    Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
    Vladimir Lenin
    • Nov 24 Nine police officers and one civilian are killed when a bomb explodes at the Milwaukee, Wisconsin police headquarters building.
    • Nov 26 The new government of Russia offers an armistice to Germany and Austria-Hungary
    • Nov 28 Sigmund Romberg's revue "Over the Top" premieres in NYC
    • Nov 29 A Supreme Allied War Council meets at Versailles to define war aims

    Birthdays in History

    • Nov 1 Clarence E. Miller, American politician (Rep-R-OH, 1967-93), born in Lancaster, Ohio (d. 2011)
    • Nov 1 Margaret Taylor-Burroughs, American visual artist and co-founder of DuSable Museum of African American History, born in St. Rose, Louisiana (d. 2010)
    • Nov 1 Zenna Henderson, American sci-fi author (Anything Box), born in Tucson, Arizona (d. 1983)
    • Nov 5 Jacob Everaers, Dutch office clerk and resistance fighter, born in Tholen, Netherlands (d. 1944)
    • Nov 5 Jacqueline Auriol, French aviator, born in Challans, Vendée, France (d. 2000)
    • Nov 5 Banarsi Das Gupta, Indian 4th Chief Minister of Haryana (1975-77), born in Bhiwani, Punjab, British India (d. 2007)
    • Nov 6 Edgar Whitcomb, American politician and Governor of Indiana (1969-73), born in Hayden, Indiana (d. 2016)
    • Nov 11 Mack Reynolds, American sci-fi author (Earth War), born in Corcoran, California (d. 1983)
    • Nov 12 Joseph Coors, CEO (Adolph Coors Co Brewery)
    • Nov 15 Gerardus H de Bold, bishop of Breda (1962-67)

    Person of interestIndira Gandhi

    Nov 19 Indira Gandhi, 4th Prime Minister of India (1966-77, 1980-84), born in Allahabad India (d. 1984)

    4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
    4th Prime Minister of India
    Indira Gandhi
    • Nov 20 Robert Byrd, US Senator (Democrat-WV, 1959-2010), majority leader and once the longest-serving Senator in history, born in North Wilkesboro, North Carolina (d. 2010)
    • Nov 21 Sem Presser, Dutch press photographer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1986)
    • Nov 22 Bridget Bate Tichenor (born Bridget Pamela Arkwright Bate), Mexican surrealist painter, born in Paris, France
    • Nov 23 Hugh Joseph Charles James L'Etang, medical writer
    • Nov 27 Tiny Rowland [Roland Fuhrop], German/British owner (Observer)

    Deaths in History

    • Nov 3 Léon Bloy, French novelist and essayist, dies at 71
    • Nov 4 Chocolat [Rafael Padilla], Afro-Cuban clown, dies at 52
    • Nov 11 Liliuokalani [Lydia Kamakaʻeha], last queen of Hawaii (1891-93), dies from a stroke at 79
    • Nov 13 Émile Durkheim, French sociologist (Le suicide), dies at 59
    • Nov 14 William Smith, British deserter in France, executed at 20
    • Nov 15 Oswald Chambers, Scottish Baptist and Holiness Movement minister and writer (My Utmost for His Highest), dies at 43

    Person of interestAuguste Rodin

    Nov 17 Auguste Rodin, French sculptor (Baiser, Thinker), dies at 77

    Sculptor Auguste Rodin
    Auguste Rodin
    • Nov 17 Charles Holroyd, English artist and curator, Director of the National Gallery (1906-16), dies at 56
    • Nov 18 Henry Spiekman, social-democratic politician, dies at 43
    • Nov 22 Teoberto Maler, German-born explorer (b. 1842)