On This Day

October 1917 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 4 British assault on Broodseinde, France
  • Oct 6 Battle of Passchendaele: Canadian troops capture the village of Passchendaele in the Third Battle of Ypres, after 250,000 casualties on both sides

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Oct 10 Plymouth Theater opens at 236 W 45th St NYC
  • Oct 13 Soviets accept establishment of Petrograd Military
  • Oct 13 70,000 people gather to see 'Miracle of the Sun', solar visions reportedly by the Virgin Mary in Fátima, Portugal after prophecies by local children
  • Oct 17 1st British bombing of Germany
  • Oct 19 Love Field in Dallas, Texas, is opened

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 US suffragette Alice Paul begins a 7 month jail sentence for protesting women's rights in Washington

Suffragist Alice Paul
Suffragist
Alice Paul
  • Oct 21 1st Americans to see action on front lines of WWI: US troops enter front lines at Sommervillier under French command
  • Oct 21 Petrograds garrison accepts Revolutionary Military Committee
  • Oct 23 1st Infantry division "Big Red One" shoots 1st US shot in WW I
  • Oct 24 Battle at Caporetto: German & Austria smash Italian army
  • Oct 25 Pan-Russian Congress opens in Petrograd
  • Oct 26 Petrograd Soviet accepts establishment of Military
  • Oct 26 World War I: Brazil declares it is in a state of war with the Central Powers
  • Oct 27 20,000 women march in a suffrage parade in New York, US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 British government gives final approval to Balfour Declaration

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Oct 31 Eugene O'Neill's play "In the Zone" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Playwright
Eugene O'Neill
  • Oct 31 World War I: Battle of Beersheba in southern Palestine - "last successful cavalry charge in history" performed by the 4th Australian Light Horse

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 1 René A de Rooy, Suriname/Antillian poet (Juancho Picaflor)
  • Oct 2 Christian de Duve, British cytologist and biochemist (Nobel 1974), born in Thames Ditton, Surrey (d. 2013)
  • Oct 5 Robert Adams, English sculptor and designer, born in Far Cotton, Northampton (d. 1984)

Person of interestFannie Lou Hamer

Oct 6 Fannie Lou Hamer, American civil rights activist (Freedom Summer, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee), born in Montgomery County, Mississippi (d. 1977)

Civil Rights Activist Fannie Lou Hamer
Civil Rights Activist
Fannie Lou Hamer
  • Oct 8 Walter Lord, American author (A Night to Remember), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2002)
  • Oct 13 Burr Tillstrom, American puppeteer (Kukla, Fran & Ollie), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1985)
  • Oct 15 Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr, American historian (1946 Pulitzer-Age of Jackson), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 2007)
  • Oct 17 Sumner Locke Elliott, Australian-born American novelist (d. 1991)
  • Oct 20 Efrain Jonckheer, premier Dutch Antilles
  • Oct 20 Jean-Pierre Melville, director (A Cop), born in Paris, France
  • Oct 26 Mario Biaggi, American politician (Rep-D&R-NY, 1969-88), born in New York (d. 2015)
  • Oct 27 Oliver Tambo, South African lawyer, anti-apartheid politician and co-founder (African National Congress), born in Nkantolo, Bizana, South Africa (d. 1993)
  • Oct 27 Augustine Harris, British Bishop of Middlesbrough, born in West Derby, Liverpool (d. 2007)
  • Oct 30 Nikolai Ogarkov, Soviet field marshal, born in Molokovo, Tver, Russian Republic (d. 1994)
  • Oct 31 William H. McNeill, Canadian-born historian (Rise of the West), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 2016)

Weddings in History

  • Oct 21 Irish poet and playwright William Butler Yeats (52) weds Georgie Hyde-Lees (25)

Deaths in History

  • Oct 9 Hussein Kamel, Sultan of Egypt (1914-17), dies at 63
  • Oct 27 Arthur Rhys-Davids, English flying ace (WW I), dies at 20
  • Oct 28 Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (b. 1831)