On This Day

1917 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 240


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 4 Most Excellent Order of British Empire inaugurated by King George V to recognise the efforts of his people in WWI

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V
  • Jun 5 10 million US men begin registering for draft in WW I
  • Jun 7 Melvin Jones and a number of other Chicago businessmen found Lions Clubs International, now the largest service organization in the world
  • Jun 7 The British detonate mines beneath the German-held Messines Ridge, in the Ypres area
  • Jun 10 60,000 people of Petrograd Russia welcome Prince Kropotkin (banned 41 years) returning after February Russian Revolution
  • Jun 10 Limburgse mine workers strike

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 11 King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicates under pressure by allied armies occupying Athens

King of Greece Constantine I
King of Greece
Constantine I
  • Jun 12 US Secret Service extends protection of the President to include his family
  • Jun 13 World War I: the deadliest German air raid on London during World War I is carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children with 432 injuries
  • Jun 14 1st German air attack on England, 100+ killed in East London
  • Jun 14 General Pershing and his HQ staff arrived in Paris during WW I
  • Jun 15 In order to calm troubled relations with Ireland, the British grant amnesty to the Prisoners taken during the Easter Rising of 1916
  • Jun 16 1st All Russian Congress of the Soviets convenes in Petrograd, Russia [OS Jun 3]
  • Jun 19 The British Royal Family, which has had strong German ties since George I, renounces its German names and titles and adopts the name of Windsor
  • Jun 21 Hawaiian Red Cross forms
  • Jun 23 Ammunition factory in Boleweg Bohemia explodes, killing 1,000

  • Jun 24 Russian Black Sea fleet mutinies at Sebastopol
  • Jun 26 1st US troops arrive in France during World War I

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 27 Venizelos takes over as Prime Minister of Greece and severs relations with Central Powers, bringing Greece onside with the Allies in WWI

Greek Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos
Greek Prime Minister
Eleftherios Venizelos
  • Jun 28 Potato entrepreneurs begins in Amsterdam
  • Jul 1 257cm-mirror for Mount Wilson Observatory mounted
  • Jul 1 Race riots in East St Louis, Illinois (40 to 200 reported killed)
  • Jul 2 Riots in East St Louis, Missouri
  • Jul 3 Spontaneous demonstration at Tauride Palace, Petrograd

RussiaRed October

Jul 4 Troops of the Russian Provisional Government open fire on protesters in Petrograd during the 'July Days' of unrest

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Protesters scatter in Petrograd shortly after Russian government troops opened fire
Protesters scatter in Petrograd shortly after Russian government troops opened fire
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Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Jul 6 T. E. Lawrence captures port of Aqaba from Turks

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence

Historic CommunicationHMS Vanguard Disaster

Jul 9 British battleship HMS Vanguard explodes at Scapa Flow (the result of an internal explosion of faulty cordite), killing 804

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HMS Vanguard in 1909
HMS Vanguard in 1909
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  • Jul 10 Emma Goldman imprisoned for obstructing draft
  • Jul 12 The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona
  • Jul 13 Vision of Virgin Mary appears to children of Fatima, Portugal
  • Jul 17 Royal Proclamation by King George V changes name of British Royal family from German Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor
  • Jul 20 Pact of Corfu signed: Serbs, Croats & Slovenes form Yugoslavia
  • Jul 20 WW I draft lottery held; #258 is 1st drawn
  • Jul 21 Russian Revolution: Socialist Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian Prime Minister
  • Jul 22 British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades
  • Jul 23 Cleveland Metropolitan Park District establishes

  • Jul 25 Sir Thomas Whyte introduces the first income tax in Canada as a "temporary" measure (lowest bracket is 4% and highest is 25%).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 26 J. Edgar Hoover gets job in US Department of Justice

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Jul 27 World War I: Allied troops reach the Yser Canal in the prelude to the Battle of Passchendaele

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 28 Silent Parade organised by James Weldon Johnson of 10,000 African-Americans who march on 5th Ave in NYC to protest against lynching

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • Jul 30 Board of Commissioners of Cleveland Metroparks has its 1st meeting
  • Jul 31 World War I: Battle of Passchendaele (Third Battle of Ypres) begins, goes on to cause approximately 500,000 casualties
  • Aug 1 Frank Little, IWW organizer, lynched in Butte, Montana
  • Aug 4 Pravda calls for the killing of all capitalists, priests and officers
  • Aug 5 British troops attack canal of Ypres in Boesinghe, Belgium
  • Aug 5 The entire US National Guard is taken into national service, subject to presidential rather than state control
  • Aug 6 World War I: Battle of Mărăşeşti between the Romanian and German armies begins
  • Aug 9 Canadian Parliament passes the Compulsory Military Act which is opposed by many French-Canadians from Québec
  • Aug 13 A revolt in Catalonia, the province in northeast Spain that has long seen itself as independent.
  • Aug 14 China declares war on Germany & Austria
  • Aug 17 Italy declares war on Turkey
  • Aug 18 Dutch Naval Air Force forms (MLD)
  • Aug 18 A Great Fire in Thessaloniki, Greece destroys 32% of the city leaving 70,000 individuals homeless.
  • Aug 23 Race riot in Houston Texas (2 blacks & 11 whites killed)
  • Aug 27 Indians set club record by stealing eight bases in a game
  • Aug 28 Ten suffragists arrested as they picket the White House

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Aug 31 In China, Sun Yat-sen and his supporters' 'rump' parliament establishes a military government and elects Sun Yat-sen as commander-in-Chief

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • Sep 2 Deutsche Vaterlands Partei formed by admiral Tirpitz
  • Sep 3 1st night bombing of London by German aircraft
  • Sep 3 German troops overrun Riga, Latvia
  • Sep 3 Grover Cleveland Alexander pitches complete wins in a doubleheader
  • Sep 6 French pilot Georges Guynemer shoots down 54th German aircraft
  • Sep 15 Russia proclaimed a republic by Alexander Kerensky's Provisional government
  • Sep 20 British assault on Polygon Forest, France
  • Sep 20 Paraguay becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • Sep 26 British assault on Menin-street, France
  • Sep 27 Broadhurst Theater opens at 235 W 44th St NYC
  • Oct 4 British assault on Broodseinde, France
  • Oct 6 Battle of Passchendaele: Canadian troops capture the village of Passchendaele in the Third Battle of Ypres, after 250,000 casualties on both sides

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 8 Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Oct 10 Plymouth Theater opens at 236 W 45th St NYC
  • Oct 13 Soviets accept establishment of Petrograd Military
  • Oct 13 70,000 people gather to see 'Miracle of the Sun', solar visions reportedly by the Virgin Mary in Fátima, Portugal after prophecies by local children
  • Oct 17 1st British bombing of Germany
  • Oct 19 Love Field in Dallas, Texas, is opened

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 20 US suffragette Alice Paul begins a 7 month jail sentence for protesting women's rights in Washington

Suffragist Alice Paul
Suffragist
Alice Paul
  • Oct 21 1st Americans to see action on front lines of WWI: US troops enter front lines at Sommervillier under French command
  • Oct 21 Petrograds garrison accepts Revolutionary Military Committee
  • Oct 23 1st Infantry division "Big Red One" shoots 1st US shot in WW I
  • Oct 24 Battle at Caporetto: German & Austria smash Italian army
  • Oct 25 Pan-Russian Congress opens in Petrograd
  • Oct 26 Petrograd Soviet accepts establishment of Military
  • Oct 26 World War I: Brazil declares it is in a state of war with the Central Powers
  • Oct 27 20,000 women march in a suffrage parade in New York, US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 30 British government gives final approval to Balfour Declaration

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour

Music releaseTheater Premiere

Oct 31 Eugene O'Neill's play "In the Zone" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Playwright
Eugene O'Neill
  • Oct 31 World War I: Battle of Beersheba in southern Palestine - "last successful cavalry charge in history" performed by the 4th Australian Light Horse
  • Nov 2 In WWI the 1st US soldiers are killed in combat: James Gresham, Thomas Enright and Merle Hay
  • Nov 2 Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine
  • Nov 2 Lansing-Ishii Agreement; US recognizes Japan's privileges in China
  • Nov 3 1st class US mail now costs 3 cents per ounce
  • Nov 5 Gen Pershing & US troops see action on Western Front for 1st time
  • Nov 5 Supreme Court decision (Buchanan v Warley) strikes down Louisville, Kentucky, ordinance requiring backs & whites to live in separate areas
  • Nov 6 [OS Oct 24] Bolshevik revolution begins with bombardment of the Winter Palace in Petrograd during the Russian October Revolution
  • Nov 6 New York State adopts a constitutional amendment giving women the right to vote in state elections
  • Nov 7 British capture Gaza, Palestine, from Turks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 7 [OS Oct 25] October Revolution in Russia; Lenin and the Bolsheviks seize power, capture the Winter Palace and overthrow the Provisional Government.

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • Nov 7 The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic is proclaimed; first Council of People's Commissars is formed with Vladimir Lenin as leader and including Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin
  • Nov 8 Telephone Co runs 1st advertisement for Army operators, receives 7,000 applicants
  • Nov 10 41 suffragists are arrested in front of White House

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 224


Person of interestJohn F. Kennedy

May 29 John F. Kennedy, 35th US President (1961-1963) and Senator (D-Mass), born in Brookline, Massachusetts (d. 1963)

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • Jun 1 William S. Knowles, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate, (d. 2012)
  • Jun 4 Allen Greenwood, British aeronautical engineer and aerospace executive, born in 38 Court Yard, Eltham, London (d. 2009)
  • Jun 4 Howard Metzenbaum, American businessman and politician (U.S. Senator from Ohio), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2008)
  • Jun 5 Carel van Dillen, resistance fighter
  • Jun 6 Kirk Kerkorian, American CEO and "father of the mega-resort" (MGM, UA), born in Fresno, California (d. 2015)
  • Jun 7 Gwendolyn Brooks, American poet (Bean Eaters, Annie Allen, Pulitzer 1950), born in Topeka, Kansas (d. 2000)
  • Jun 8 Byron White, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1962-93), born in Fort Collins, Colorado (d. 2002)
  • Jun 9 Eric J. Hobsbawm, Alexandria, Sultanate of Egypt, Marxist historian (The Age of Revolution; Capital; and Empire), (d. 2012)
  • Jun 10 William Barr, rector (Exeter College, Oxford)
  • Jun 11 James Bostock, English wood engraver and artist, born in Hanley, Staffordshire, England (d. 2006)
  • Jun 11 Joseph B Wirthlin, American businessmen, religious leader, member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (LDS Church), born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2008)
  • Jun 14 Atle Selberg, Norwegian mathematician (number theory), born in Langesund, Norway (d. 2007)
  • Jun 15 Lillian Bassman, American photographer and painter (Harper's Bazaar), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2012)
  • Jun 16 Katharine Graham, American newspaper publisher (Washington Post), born in NYC, New York
  • Jun 16 Aurelio Lampredi, Italian mechanical engineer (Ferrari; d. 1989)
  • Jun 16 Irving Penn, American photographer
  • Jun 18 Arthur Tremblay, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
  • Jun 19 Joshua Nkomo, Zimbabwan minister (ZAPUA)
  • Jun 20 Ash Brownridge, American conservationist (National Wildlife Federation), creator of Ranger Rick, born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 2015)
  • Jun 26 Wille Hamilton, British MP, born in Houghton-le-Spring, England (d. 2000)
  • Jun 27 Ron Hayward, English politician, General Secretary of the Labour Party, born in Chipping Sodbury, Oxfordshire (d. 1996)
  • Jun 30 Robert Vandekerckhove, Belgian politician, born in Ingelmunster, Belgium (d. 1980)
  • Jul 2 Pierre H. Dubois, Dutch literary and critic, born in Amsterdam (d. 1999)
  • Jul 4 Manolete [Manuel Laureano Rodríguez Sánchez], Spanish bullfighter, born in Córdoba, Andalucia, Spain (d. 1947)
  • Jul 7 Lawrence F O'Brien, (Watergate conspirators broke into his office)
  • Jul 7 Fidel Sánchez Hernández, Salvadoran politician (d. 2003)
  • Jul 10 Reg Smythe, English cartoonist (Andy Capp), born in Hartlepool, County Durham, England (d. 1998)
  • Jul 12 Andrew Wyeth, American realist painter (Christina's World), born in Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania (d. 2009)

Person of interestBen Enwonwu

Jul 14 Ben Enwonwu, Nigerian painter (Portrait of Tutu), born in Onitsha, Nigeria (d. 1994)

Artist Ben Enwonwu
Artist
Ben Enwonwu
  • Jul 15 Robert Conquest, English historian and poet (The Great Terror), born in Great Malvern, Worcestershire (d. 2015)
  • Jul 17 Kenan Evren, Turkish soldier and politician, (President of Turkey 1980-1989 by military coup), born in Alaşehir, Manisa Province (d. 2015)
  • Jul 19 Robert Aitken, Zen co-founder (Diamond Sangha), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2010)
  • Jul 19 William Scranton, American Republican Party politician and diplomat, born in Madison, Connecticut (d. 2013)
  • Jul 22 H. Boyd Woodruff, American microbiologist whose research led to antibiotics, born in Bridgeton, New Jersey (d. 2017)
  • Jul 23 Charles Kerruish, Manx politician and President of Tyndwald Isle of Man, born in Isle of Man (d. 2003)
  • Jul 23 John Stokes, British MP (C), born in Sandy, Bedfordshire (d. 2003)
  • Jul 24 John Hillaby, English writer and traveller, born in England (d. 1996)
  • Jul 27 John Cunningham, British Royal Air Force night fighter ace (WW II), born in Croydon, Surrey, England (d. 2002)
  • Jul 27 Robert Cowans, executive director (British Aerospace)
  • Jul 27 Isabelle Kelley, American social worker credited with instigating the US Federal Food Stamp Program, born in Ellington, Connecticut (d. 1997)
  • Aug 1 Benjamin Roberts, British industrial relations expert (London School of Economics), born in Leeds, England (d. 2011)
  • Aug 11 Dik Browne, cartoonist (Hi & Lois, Hagar the Horrible)
  • Aug 12 Douglas Gunsekera, banker
  • Aug 15 Jack Lynch, Irish politician and Taoiseach (1966-73 and 1977-79), born in Shandon, Cork, Ireland (d. 1999)
  • Aug 15 Oscar Romero, El Salvador Roman catholic priest who was murdered, born in Ciudad Barrios, El Salvador (d. 1980)
  • Aug 17 Safa Khulusi, Iraqi writer and historian, born in Baghdad (d. 1995)
  • Aug 18 Casper Weinberger, US Secretary of Defense (1981-87)
  • Aug 26 William French Smith, Attorney General (1981-85)

Person of interestJack Kirby

Aug 28 Jack Kirby, American cartoonist (X-Men, Spider-Man, Hulk, Capt America), born in NYC, New York (d. 1994)

Comic Book Artist and Writer Jack Kirby
Comic Book Artist and Writer
Jack Kirby
  • Aug 29 John King, Baron King of Wartnaby, British businessman and CEO of British Airways after its privatization, born in Brentford, Middlesex, England (d. 2005)
  • Aug 30 Denis Healey, English politician (Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer), born in London, (d. 2015)
  • Sep 2 Cleveland Amory, Nahant Mass, conservationist/TV reviewer (TV Guide)
  • Sep 4 Henry Ford II, American businessman and grandson of Henry Ford, (President of Ford Motor Company, 1945-79), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1987)
  • Sep 6 Philipp von Boeselager, German Wehrmacht officer, failed assassin of Adolf Hitler, born in Bonn, Germany (d. 2008)
  • Sep 7 Jacob Lawrence, African-American artist (Sanitarium), born in Atlantic City, New Jersey (d. 2000)
  • Sep 7 John Cornforth, Australian-British chemist (Nobel Prize 1975), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 2013)
  • Sep 10 Franfo Fortini [Franco Lattes], Italian poet, born in Florence (d. 1994)
  • Sep 10 Miguel Serrano, Chilean author and diplomat

Person of interestFerdinand Marcos

Sep 11 Ferdinand Marcos, President of the Philippines (1965-86), born in Sarrat, Ilocos Norte, Philippines (d. 1989)

10th President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos
10th President of the Philippines
Ferdinand Marcos
  • Sep 11 Jessica "Decca" Mitford, English author (American Way of Death), activist and one of the Mitford sisters, born in Gloucestershire (d. 1996)
  • Sep 12 Seamas NacNeill, Classical physicist and piper, born in Glasgow (d. 1996)
  • Sep 12 Pierre Sévigny, Canadian military officer and politician, born in Quebec, Canada (d. 2004)
  • Sep 18 Gerrit Borgers, Dutch literary, born in Brummen, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • Sep 21 Phyllis Nicolson, British mathematician (Crank-Nicolson method), born in Macclesfield, Cheshire, England (d. 1968)
  • Sep 24 William Putnam Bundy, American attorney and intelligence expert (9th Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2000)
  • Sep 26 Réal Caouette, French Canadian politician (Social Credit Party of Canada), born in Amos, Canada (d. 1976)
  • Sep 27 Louis Auchincloss, Lawrence NY, lawyer/novelist (Watchfires)
  • Sep 30 Chung Hee Park, general/President of South Korea (1961-79), assassinated
  • Sep 30 Yuri "Petrovich" Lyubimov, USSR, director (Taganka)
  • Sep 30 Irving B. Kahn, American inventor of the teleprompter, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1994)
  • Oct 1 René A de Rooy, Suriname/Antillian poet (Juancho Picaflor)
  • Oct 2 Christian de Duve, British cytologist and biochemist (Nobel 1974), born in Thames Ditton, Surrey (d. 2013)
  • Oct 5 Robert Adams, English sculptor and designer, born in Far Cotton, Northampton (d. 1984)

Person of interestFannie Lou Hamer

Oct 6 Fannie Lou Hamer, American civil rights activist (Freedom Summer, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee), born in Montgomery County, Mississippi (d. 1977)

Civil Rights Activist Fannie Lou Hamer
Civil Rights Activist
Fannie Lou Hamer
  • Oct 8 Walter Lord, American author (A Night to Remember), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2002)
  • Oct 13 Burr Tillstrom, American puppeteer (Kukla, Fran & Ollie), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1985)
  • Oct 15 Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr, American historian (1946 Pulitzer-Age of Jackson), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 2007)
  • Oct 17 Sumner Locke Elliott, Australian-born American novelist (d. 1991)
  • Oct 20 Efrain Jonckheer, premier Dutch Antilles
  • Oct 20 Jean-Pierre Melville, director (A Cop), born in Paris, France
  • Oct 26 Mario Biaggi, American politician (Rep-D&R-NY, 1969-88), born in New York (d. 2015)

Person of interestOliver Tambo

Oct 27 Oliver Tambo, South African lawyer, anti-apartheid politician and co-founder (African National Congress), born in Nkantolo, Bizana, South Africa (d. 1993)

Anti-Apartheid Politician and Revolutionary Oliver Tambo
Anti-Apartheid Politician and Revolutionary
Oliver Tambo
  • Oct 27 Augustine Harris, British Bishop of Middlesbrough, born in West Derby, Liverpool (d. 2007)
  • Oct 30 Nikolai Ogarkov, Soviet field marshal, born in Molokovo, Tver, Russian Republic (d. 1994)
  • Oct 31 William H. McNeill, Canadian-born historian (Rise of the West), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 2016)
  • Nov 1 Clarence E. Miller, American politician (Rep-R-OH, 1967-93), born in Lancaster, Ohio (d. 2011)
  • Nov 1 Margaret Taylor-Burroughs, American visual artist and co-founder of DuSable Museum of African American History, born in St. Rose, Louisiana (d. 2010)
  • Nov 1 Zenna Henderson, American sci-fi author (Anything Box), born in Tucson, Arizona (d. 1983)
  • Nov 5 Jacob Everaers, Dutch office clerk and resistance fighter, born in Tholen, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • Nov 5 Jacqueline Auriol, French aviator, born in Challans, Vendée, France (d. 2000)
  • Nov 5 Banarsi Das Gupta, Indian 4th Chief Minister of Haryana (1975-77), born in Bhiwani, Punjab, British India (d. 2007)
  • Nov 6 Edgar Whitcomb, American politician and Governor of Indiana (1969-73), born in Hayden, Indiana (d. 2016)
  • Nov 11 Mack Reynolds, American sci-fi author (Earth War), born in Corcoran, California (d. 1983)
  • Nov 12 Joseph Coors, CEO (Adolph Coors Co Brewery)
  • Nov 15 Gerardus H de Bold, bishop of Breda (1962-67)

Person of interestIndira Gandhi

Nov 19 Indira Gandhi, 4th Prime Minister of India (1966-77, 1980-84), born in Allahabad India (d. 1984)

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • Nov 20 Robert Byrd, US Senator (Democrat-WV, 1959-2010), majority leader and once the longest-serving Senator in history, born in North Wilkesboro, North Carolina (d. 2010)
  • Nov 21 Sem Presser, Dutch press photographer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1986)
  • Nov 22 Bridget Bate Tichenor (born Bridget Pamela Arkwright Bate), Mexican surrealist painter, born in Paris, France

Weddings in History


Deaths in History