On This Day

January 1918 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
  • Jan 3 US Employment Service opens as a unit of the Department of Labor
  • Jan 5 British premier Lloyd George demand for unified peace

USAProhibition is Ratified

Jan 8 Mississippi becomes 1st state to ratify the 18th Amendment to the US Constitution, authorizing the prohibition of alcohol

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The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which established prohibition
The Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which established prohibition
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 8 US President Woodrow Wilson outlines his Fourteen Points for peace after the Great War

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Jan 12 Finland's "Mosaic Confessors" law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens.
  • Jan 14 Finland and USSR adopt New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • Jan 16 Austria and Germany are disrupted by strikes as people express impatience with leaders continuing the war
  • Jan 19 Soviets disallow a Constitution Assembly
  • Jan 19 Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles between the Red Guards and the White Guard
  • Jan 22 Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet)
  • Jan 25 Russia declared a republic of Soviets

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 26 Herbert Hoover, US Food Administrator, calls for "wheatless" & "meatless" days for war effort

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • Jan 27 "Tarzan of the Apes", 1st Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater
  • Jan 27 The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.
  • Jan 28 Strike on Berlin ammunition factory
  • Jan 28 Finnish Civil War: Rebels seized control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground.
  • Jan 29 Ukrainian-Soviet War: Battle of Kruty
  • Jan 31 A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)
  • Jan 2 Willi Graf, German anti-Nazi activist (d. 1943)
  • Jan 7 Alessadro Natta, Italian political leader (Communist Party)
  • Jan 7 Irene Vorrink, Dutch politician (Minister of health), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1996)
  • Jan 10 Arthur Chung, President of Guyana, born in Windsor Great Park, United Kingdom (d. 2008)

Person of interestMaharishi Mahesh Yogi

Jan 12 Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Indian guru who developed Transcendental Meditation, born in Jabalpur, India (d. 2008)

  • Jan 15 André Donner, Dutch jurist (constitutional law), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1992)
  • Jan 15 Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt (1954-1971), born in Bakos, Egypt (d. 1970)
  • Jan 15 João Figueiredo, President of Brazil, born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1999)
  • Jan 16 Nel Benschop, Dutch poet (d. 2005)
  • Jan 16 Clem Jones, Lord Mayor of Brisbane, Australia (d. 2007)
  • Jan 17 Joseph Walker Barr, banker/politician
  • Jan 18 Adriano Mandarino Hypolito, Brazilian priest, born in Aracaju, State of Sergipe, Brazil (d. 1996)
  • Jan 18 Gustave Gingras, French Canadian physician, born in Montreal, Canada (d. 1996)
  • Jan 19 John H Johnson, American publisher (Negro Digest, Ebony, Jet)
  • Jan 21 Geoffrey Dawes, physiologist
  • Jan 21 Richard D. Winters, American war hero

Person of interestGertrude B. Elion

Jan 23 Gertrude B. Elion, American biochemist and drug researcher who developed groundbreaking leukemia and herpes drug treatments (Nobel 1988), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)

Biochemist and Drug Researcher Gertrude B. Elion
Biochemist and Drug Researcher
Gertrude B. Elion
  • Jan 24 Oral Roberts, American Televangelist, founder Oral Roberts College, born in Pontotoc County Oklahoma (d. 2009)

Person of interestNicolae Ceausescu

Jan 26 Nicolae Ceausescu, Communist dictator of Romania (1967-89), born in Scornicești, Romania (d. 1989)

Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • Jan 26 Philip José Farmer, Terre Haute Indiana, American sci-fi novelist (Riverworld)
  • Jan 27 William Seawell, United States Army Brigadier General (d. 2005)
  • Jan 28 Harry M Corbett, Bradford, puppeteer/entertainer (Sooty, Some People)
  • Jan 28 Trevor Skeet, British MP
  • Jan 28 Wilson Ferreira Aldunate, Uruguayan politician/human rights worker
  • Jan 30 Jarl Andre Bjerke [Bernhard Borge], Norwegian poet & writer, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1985)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 William Wilfred Campbell, Canadian poet (Beyond the Hills of Dream, Ian of the Orcades), dies of pneumonia at 57
  • Jan 2 Sybe Kornelis Bakker, Dutch Christian socialist & reformed preacher, dies at 42
  • Jan 6 Georg F L P Cantor, German mathematician: collection, dies at 72
  • Jan 7 Julius Wellhausen, German biblical scholar (analysis of the structure and dating of the Pentateuch), dies at 73
  • Jan 8 Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (b. 1827)
  • Jan 9 Émile Reynaud, French scientist (b. 1844)

Person of interestJohn McCrae

Jan 28 John McCrae, Canadian poet/physician/soldier, dies of pneumonia at 45

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae