July 1918 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 3 SDAP'er Suze Groenweg elected 1st woman in Dutch parliament
  • Jul 4 Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Washington
  • Jul 9 101 killed and 171 injured in worst US train wreck, Nashville, Tennessee
  • Jul 9 US Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal (not to be confused with other countries' decorations of the same name)
  • Jul 10 Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic forms
  • Jul 12 Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed
  • Jul 14 Dutch government reclaims South seas
  • Jul 15 World War I: Second Battle of Marne begins

ExecutionExecution of the Romanovs

Jul 17 The Romanov royal family and several of their retainers are executed by a Bolshevik firing squad in the basement of Ipatiev House, in Yekaterinburg, Siberia
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  • Jul 18 World War I: US and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive
  • Jul 19 World War I: German armies retreat across Marne River in France
  • Jul 21 U-156 shells Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts.
  • Jul 22 Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah's Wasatch National Park
  • Jul 25 Annette Adams sworn in as 1st woman district attorney of US, California
  • Jul 25 Race riot in Chester Pennsylvania (3 blacks and 2 whites killed)
  • Jul 26 Race riot in Philadelphia (3 whites & 1 black killed)
  • Jul 27 Socony 200, 1st concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 2 Wibo, Dutch cartoonist (d. 2005)
  • Jul 3 Fred Mulley, British Labour politician, born in Leamington Spa, England (d. 1995)
  • Jul 4 Abigail Van Buren [Pauline Phillips], American columnist and radio show host known for "Dear Abby" advice column, twin sister of fellow advice columnist Ann Landers (Eppie Lederer), born in Sioux City, Iowa (d. 2013)
  • Jul 4 Ann Landers [Eppie Lederer], American advice columnist "Ask Ann Landers," twin sister of fellow advice columnist "Dear Abby" (Abigail Van Buren), born in Sioux City, Iowa (d. 2002)
  • Jul 4 Buster Davis, American choral director (Garry Moore Show), born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania (d. 1987)
  • Jul 4 Tāufaʻāhau Tupou IV, King of Tonga (1965-2006), born in Royal Palace, Nuku'alofa, Tonga (d. 2006)
  • Jul 6 Bert [Lambertus H] Voeten, Dutch journalist/poet (Crossing)
  • Jul 9 Rowley Israel Arenstein, South African attorney and communist
  • Jul 11 Venetia Burney [Phair], British woman credited with naming Clyde Tombaugh's discovered planet "Pluto" (1930), born in Oxford, United Kingdom (d. 2009)
  • Jul 14 Jay Forrester, Engineer, invented random-access magnetic core memory, born near Anselmo, Nebraska (d. 2016)
  • Jul 16 George Mueller, NASA Systems Engineer (managed 1969 Moon landing), born in St Louis, Missouri (d. 2015)
  • Jul 17 Carlos Manuel Arana Osorio, President of Guatemala (d. 2003)

Person of interestNelson Mandela

Jul 18 Nelson Mandela, anti-apartheid activist, political prisoner (1962-90) and South African President (1994-99), born in Mvezo, Umtatu, South Africa (d. 2013)

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • Jul 22 Pim [Albrecht W] Lyre, Dutch lawyer/son of prince Henry
  • Jul 25 Jane Frank, American artist, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1986)
  • Jul 29 Vladimir Dudentzev, Russian writer
  • Jul 31 Paul D. Boyer, American biochemist and Nobel Prize Laureate for research on the "enzymatic mechanism underlying the biosynthesis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP)" (1997), born in Provo, Utah (d. 2018)

Deaths in History

  • Jul 2 Mohammed V Resjad, sultan of Turkey (1909-18), dies
  • Jul 3 Sultan Mehmed V of the Ottoman Empire (b. 1844)
  • Jul 3 David Alfred Thomas, 1st Viscount Rhondda, Welsh coal-mining entrepreneur, dies at 62
  • Jul 6 Count von Mirbach, German ambassador to Moscow, dies
  • Jul 12 Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer, dies at 54
  • Jul 16 José de Diego, Puerto Rican patriot and advocate for Puerto Rico's independence from Spain and the U.S., dies at 52
  • Jul 17 Alexei Nikolaevich, last Tsarevich of Russia and son of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 13

Person of interestAnastasia Nikolaevna

Jul 17 Anastasia Nikolaevna, Russian grand duchess and daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 17

Grand Duchess of Russia Anastasia Nikolaevna
Grand Duchess of Russia
Anastasia Nikolaevna
  • Jul 17 Eugene Botkin, Russian court physician of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 53
  • Jul 17 Ivan Kharitonov, Russian cook of Tsar Nicholas II, executed around the age of 46
  • Jul 17 Anna Demidova, Russian lady in waiting of Tsarina Alexandra, executed at 40
  • Jul 17 Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia, 3rd daughter of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna, executed at 19

Person of interestNicholas II

Jul 17 Nicholas II, last Tsar of Russia (1894-1917), executed at 50

  • Jul 17 Olga Nikolaevna, Russian grand duchess and daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 22
  • Jul 17 Tatiana Nikolaevna, Russian grand duchess and daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 21
  • Jul 17 Alexei Trupp, Russian footman and assistant of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 62
  • Jul 17 Alexandra Feodorovna [Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine], last Russian tsarina (1894-1918), executed by firing squad at 46
  • Jul 18 Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna (b. 1864)
  • Jul 19 Joost van Vollenhoven, Neth, gov-gen (French West-Africa), dies
  • Jul 22 Indra Lal Roy, Indian pilot (b. 1898)
  • Jul 25 Carlos Guido y Spano, Argentine poet (Mexico, canto epico), dies
  • Jul 25 Franiska zu Reventlow, writer, dies at 47
  • Jul 26 Eduard "Mick" Mannock, British WW I flyer (Victoria Cross), dies
  • Jul 29 Ernest William Christmas, Australian painter (b. 1863)
  • Jul 30 Chaim Soloveitchik, Rabbi of Brisk, talmudic scholar, dies

Person of interestJoyce Kilmer

Jul 30 Joyce Kilmer, American poet, dies at 31