On This Day

March 1918 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 3 Richard Goering's "Seeschlacht" premieres in Berlin
  • Mar 3 Facing internal counterrevolutionary pressures and external German offensive, Bolsheviks forced to sign harsh Treaty of Brest-Litovsk with Germany and Austria
  • Mar 4 Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)
  • Mar 6 US naval boat "Cyclops" disappears in Bermuda Triangle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 7 President Woodrow Wilson authorizes US Army's Distinguished Service Medal

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Mar 7 World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany
  • Mar 9 Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party
  • Mar 9 Ukrainian mobs massacre Jews of Seredino Buda
  • Mar 9 Wageningen Agricultural College Netherlands opens
  • Mar 11 Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia
  • Mar 11 Save the Redwoods League founded

The 1918 Flu PandemicThe 1918 Flu Pandemic

Mar 11 US Army mess cook Private Albert Gitchell of Fort Riley, Kansas becomes the first documented case of Spanish flu; start of worldwide pandemic killing 50-100 million

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1918: A group of Americans in California with a message for their fellow countrymen
1918: A group of Americans in California with a message for their fellow countrymen
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Event of interestEvent of Interest

Mar 13 Leon Trotsky gains control of the Red Army

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Mar 13 American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms
  • Mar 14 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched in San Francisco
  • Mar 16 Geoffrey O'Hara's "K-K-K-Katy" song published

  • Mar 17 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Rosemary Beresford
  • Mar 17 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
  • Mar 18 Socialist Youth AJC organizes in Amsterdam
  • Mar 19 US Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time
  • Mar 19 S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
  • Mar 21 -28] During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
  • Mar 23 Alick Wickham dives 200' into Australia's Yarra River
  • Mar 23 Crépy-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed
  • Mar 23 Lithuania proclaims independence
  • Mar 23 Paris bombs "Thick Bertha's Dike" (nickname for the widow Krupp)
  • Mar 23 German forces advance 14 miles to the Somme River (WW1)
  • Mar 25 The Belarusian People's Republic is established.
  • Mar 27 Moldova and Bessarabia join Romania
  • Mar 31 1st daylight savings time in US goes into effect

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 1 Gladys Noon Spellman, American politician (d. 1988)
  • Mar 3 San Yu, Burmese General and the 5th President of Burma (1981-88), born in Thegon, Pegu Province, British Burma, British India (d. 1996)
  • Mar 3 Arnold Newman, photographer (Faces USA)
  • Mar 3 Arthur Kornberg, US biochemist (Nobel 1959)
  • Mar 5 Halsey S Colchester, British SAS/spy (MI6)/priest
  • Mar 5 James Tobin, American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
  • Mar 7 June Wayne, artist/lithographer/teacher
  • Mar 8 Poon Lim, Chinese sailor who survived 133 days adrift at sea, born in Hainan, China (d. 1991)
  • Mar 9 Mickey Spillane [Frank Morrison Spillane], American mystery writer (I the Jury), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2006)
  • Mar 10 Günther Rall, German ace fighter pilot
  • Mar 12 Elaine de Kooning, American artist (d. 1989)
  • Mar 15 Janet Leach, potter, born in Grand Saline, Texas (d. 1997)
  • Mar 15 Richard Ellmann, American literary scholar and biographer (Oscar Wilde), born in Highland Park, Michigan (d. 1987)
  • Mar 16 Aldo E van Eyck, Dutch architect (City Hall)
  • Mar 17 Wilhelmus M J Russell, Dutch attorney and Member of 1st chamber (KVP/CDA)
  • Mar 17 Józef Franczak, Polish soldier and anti-communist resistance fighter who was the last cursed soldiers, born in Kozice Górne, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1963)
  • Mar 18 Yevgeny Pepelyaev, Bodaybo, Irkutsk, Soviet Union, fighter pilot, (d. 2013)
  • Mar 20 Jack Barry, Lindenhurst NY, game show emcee (Joker's Wild)
  • Mar 20 Donald Featherstone, British writer and wargamer
  • Mar 22 Cheddi B Jagan, dentist/founder PPP/Guyanese Premier (1953, 1957-64)
  • Mar 22 Harry Kay, vice-chancellor (Exeter U)
  • Mar 24 Englebert van Anderlecht, Belgian painter
  • Mar 29 John Read, British businessman, CEO (TSB Group), born in Brighton (d. 2015)

Person of interestSam Walton

Mar 29 Sam Walton, American businessman (founder and CEO of Walmart and Sam's Club), born in Kingfisher, Oklahoma (d. 1992)

Entrepreneur and Founder of Walmart Sam Walton
Entrepreneur and Founder of Walmart
Sam Walton
  • Mar 30 John Gray, FRS/marine biologist
  • Mar 31 Ted Post, Dir (Peacemaker, Beneath the Planet of the Apes)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 2 Hubert Howe Bancroft, American historian, ethnologist (History of Pacific States), dies at 85
  • Mar 9 [Benjamin] Franc[lin] Wedekind, German writer/press secretary, dies at 53
  • Mar 14 Lucretia Garfield, First Lady of the United States as the wife of James A. Garfield (1881), dies at 85
  • Mar 19 Willem H de Beaufort, Dutch historian/liberal politician, dies at 73
  • Mar 20 Lewis A. Grant, American Civil War General (b. 1828)