On This Day

November 1918 in History

Events in History

  • Nov 1 102 die in a NYC BMT subway derailment at Malbone Street Brooklyn
  • Nov 1 Yugoslav battleship Viribus Unitis sunk by Italians
  • Nov 3 Austro-Hungarian Empire dissolves
  • Nov 3 Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I
  • Nov 3 Thousands of revolutionary German sailors with the fleet at Kiel mutiny, seize the city, and set up councils of workers and sailors
  • Nov 4 The Allied armistice with Austria-Hungary, signed 3 November, goes into effect
  • Nov 6 Republic of Poland proclaimed
  • Nov 6 Supreme commander of the army Gen Cutters resigns
  • Nov 6 WWI: On the Western Front, Germany is now retreating as French and American troops cross the Meuse and move to take Sedan

InventionHistoric Invention

Nov 7 Robert Goddard demonstrates tube-launched solid propellant rockets

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard

Victory in BattleEnd of World War I

Nov 7 United Press erroneously reports WWI armistice had been signed

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This painting depicts the signing of the armistice which ended World War I in Compiegne, France
This painting depicts the signing of the armistice which ended World War I in Compiegne, France
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  • Nov 7 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Misteriya Buff" premieres in Petrograd

The 1918 Flu PandemicThe 1918 Flu Pandemic

Nov 7 The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year

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1918: A group of Americans in California with a message for their fellow countrymen
1918: A group of Americans in California with a message for their fellow countrymen
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  • Nov 7 Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria as a revolutionary uprising spreads throughout Germany
  • Nov 8 Pro-German supreme commander general Cutters lay-offs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 9 Emperor Wilhelm II abdicates after German defeat in World War I

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II

  • Nov 9 Following the collapse of Germany in World War I, the Weimar Republic of Germany is proclaimed
  • Nov 10 German Emperor Wilhelm II flees to Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 10 Independence of Poland proclaimed by Józef Piłsudski

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski
  • Nov 10 Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, Nova Scotia receives a top-secret coded message from Europe stating on November 11, 1918 all fighting would cease on land, sea and in the air
  • Nov 11 Dutch SDAP leader Troelstra announces revolution
  • Nov 11 Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates
  • Nov 11 Poland declares independence

The War's Over, But Don't Get Too ExcitedThe War's Over, But Don't Get Too Excited

Nov 11 WWI Armistice signed by the Allies and Germany comes into effect and World War I hostilities end at 11am, "the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month"

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Arnold Bennett
Arnold Bennett
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  • Nov 12 Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic
  • Nov 13 Prince Friedrich, last reigning Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont, abdicates
  • Nov 13 Russia cancels Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
  • Nov 13 Stahlhelm forms (anti communist/Polish/French) in Magdenburg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 14 Republic of Czechoslovakia created with Tomáš Masaryk as its 1st president

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • Nov 16 Hungarian People's Republic declared
  • Nov 17 Social Democratic Party becomes Communistc Party Holland: CPH
  • Nov 17 German troops evacuate Brussels
  • Nov 18 Latvia declares independence from Russia
  • Nov 18 Belgian troops re-enter Brussels, lost to the German invaders on 20 August 1914
  • Nov 21 2 German ammunition trains explode in Hamont Belgium, 1,750 die
  • Nov 21 Polish soldiers organize a pogrom against Jews of Galicia, Poland
  • Nov 21 The German High Seas Fleet of 5 battlecruisers, 9 battleships, 7 cruisers and 49 destroyers surrendered to the British Grand Fleet and were shepherded into the Firth of Forth
  • Nov 22 Grand Duke Frederik II, the last Grand Duke of Baden, resigns
  • Nov 22 King Albert I's triumphant procession through Brussels
  • Nov 22 Marshal Józef Piłsudski becomes 1st President (dictator) of Poland
  • Nov 22 Polish forces attack Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov)
  • Nov 24 Béla Can forms Hungarian Communist Party
  • Nov 26 The Podgorica Assembly votes for "union of the people", declaring assimilation into the Kingdom of Serbia
  • Nov 28 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Prussia & Germany abdicates
  • Nov 28 Bucovina voted for the union with the Kingdom of Romania
  • Nov 29 Serbia annexes Montenegro

Birthdays in History

  • Nov 3 Russell B. Long, American politician (Sen-D-LA, 1948-86), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2003)
  • Nov 3 Elizabeth P. Hoisington, American Brigadier General (one of the first two women to attain the rank of brigadier general), born in Newton, Kansas (d. 2007)

Person of interestBilly Graham

Nov 7 Billy Graham, American Baptist evangelist (Crusades) described as 1 of the 20th century's most influential Christian leaders, born in Charlotte, North Carolina (d. 2018)

Evangelist Billy Graham
Evangelist
Billy Graham
  • Nov 7 Paul Aussaresses, French Army general, born in Saint-Paul-Cap-de-Joux, France (d. 2013)
  • Nov 8 Hermann Zapf, German typeface designer (Palatino and Optima), born in Nuremberg (d. 2015)

Person of interestSpiro Agnew

Nov 9 Spiro Agnew, American politician (Vice President, 1969 until resignation over corruption allegations in 1973), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1996)

Vice President of the United States Spiro Agnew
Vice President of the United States
Spiro Agnew
  • Nov 9 Choi Hong Hi, South Korean army general and Founder of Taekwon-Do, born in Hwadae, Myongchon County, North Hamgyong Province, Japanese Korea (d. 2002)
  • Nov 9 Thomas Ferebee, Enola Gay bombardier over Hiroshima, born in Mocksville, North Carolina (d. 2000)
  • Nov 9 Su Beng [Lim Tiau-hui], 'Father of Taiwanese Independence' (Taiwan’s 400-Year History), born in Taipei, Taiwan (d. 2019)
  • Nov 10 Ernst Fischer, German chemist (Nobel 1973), born in Munich, Germany (d. 2007)
  • Nov 18 Tasker Watkins, Welsh World War II hero, born in Nelson, Wales (d. 2007)
  • Nov 19 Hendrik Christoffel Van de Hulst, Dutch astronomer (correctly predicted the existence of the 21 cm hyper-fine line of neutral atomic hydrogen in interstellar space), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 2000)
  • Nov 22 Claiborne Pell, (Sen-D-RI, 1961- )
  • Nov 26 Patricio Aylwin, Chilean lawyer, politician and President of Chile (1990-94), born in Viña del Mar, Chile (d. 2016)
  • Nov 29 Madeleine L'Engle [Franklin], American sci-fi author (Ilsa, Love Letters)

Deaths in History

  • Nov 3 Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (Lyapunov exponent), dies at 61
  • Nov 4 Andrew Dickson White, American historian and educator, 1st President of Cornell University, dies at 85
  • Nov 4 Wilfred Owen, English soldier and anti-war poet (Anthem for Doomed Youth, Futility), killed in action at 25 during the crossing of the Sambre–Oise Canal, exactly one week before the signing of the Armistice
  • Nov 9 Guillaume Apollinaire [Kostrowitsky], Fr poet (Alcools), dies at 38
  • Nov 11 Victor Adler, Austrian politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), dies at 66
  • Nov 11 George Lawrence Price, Canadian soldier, last person to be killed in WW I (b. 1892)
  • Nov 13 Marten Baersma [MH Bottema], Fries author, dies at 28
  • Nov 29 Harald Kidde, Danish writer (Helten), dies at 40