On This Day

November 1918 in History

Events in History

  • Nov 1 102 die in a NYC BMT subway derailment at Malbone Street Brooklyn
  • Nov 1 Yugoslav battleship Viribus Unitis sunk by Italians
  • Nov 3 Austro-Hungarian Empire dissolves
  • Nov 3 Poland proclaims independence from Russia after WW I
  • Nov 3 Thousands of revolutionary German sailors with the fleet at Kiel mutiny, seize the city, and set up councils of workers and sailors
  • Nov 4 The Allied armistice with Austria-Hungary, signed 3 November, goes into effect
  • Nov 6 Republic of Poland proclaimed
  • Nov 6 Supreme commander of the army General Cutters resigns
  • Nov 6 WWI: On the Western Front, Germany is now retreating as French and American troops cross the Meuse and move to take Sedan

Historic Invention

Nov 7 Robert Goddard demonstrates tube-launched solid propellant rockets

  • Nov 7 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Misteriya Buff" premieres in Petrograd

The 1918 Flu Pandemic

Nov 7 The 1918 influenza epidemic spreads to Western Samoa, killing 7,542 (about 20% of the population) by the end of the year

  • Nov 7 Kurt Eisner overthrows the Wittelsbach dynasty in the Kingdom of Bavaria as a revolutionary uprising spreads throughout Germany
  • Nov 8 Pro-German supreme commander general Cutters lay-offs

Historic Event

Nov 9 Emperor Wilhelm II abdicates after German defeat in World War I

  • Nov 9 Following the collapse of Germany in World War I, the Weimar Republic of Germany is proclaimed
  • Nov 10 German Emperor Wilhelm II flees to Netherlands

Historic Event

Nov 10 Independence of Poland proclaimed by Józef Piłsudski

  • Nov 10 Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, Nova Scotia receives a top-secret coded message from Europe stating on November 11, 1918 all fighting would cease on land, sea and in the air
  • Nov 11 Dutch SDAP leader Troelstra announces revolution
  • Nov 11 Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates
  • Nov 11 Poland declares independence

The War's Over, But Don't Get Too Excited

Nov 11 WWI Armistice signed by the Allies and Germany comes into effect and World War I hostilities end at 11am, "the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month"

  • Nov 12 Emperor Karl of Austria-Hungary abdicates, Austria becomes a republic
  • Nov 13 Prince Friedrich, last reigning Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont, abdicates
  • Nov 13 Russia cancels Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
  • Nov 13 Stahlhelm forms (anti communist/Polish/French) in Magdenburg
  • Nov 16 Hungarian People's Republic declared
  • Nov 17 Social Democratic Party becomes Communistc Party Holland: CPH
  • Nov 17 German troops evacuate Brussels
  • Nov 18 Latvia declares independence from Russia
  • Nov 18 Belgian troops re-enter Brussels, lost to the German invaders on 20 August 1914
  • Nov 21 2 German ammunition trains explode in Hamont Belgium, 1,750 die
  • Nov 21 Polish soldiers organize a pogrom against Jews of Galicia, Poland
  • Nov 21 The German High Seas Fleet of 5 battlecruisers, 9 battleships, 7 cruisers and 49 destroyers surrendered to the British Grand Fleet and were shepherded into the Firth of Forth
  • Nov 22 Grand Duke Frederik II, the last Grand Duke of Baden, resigns
  • Nov 22 King Albert I's triumphant procession through Brussels
  • Nov 22 Marshal Józef Piłsudski becomes 1st President (dictator) of Poland
  • Nov 22 Polish forces attack Jewish community of Lemberg (Lvov)
  • Nov 24 Béla Can forms Hungarian Communist Party
  • Nov 26 The Podgorica Assembly votes for "union of the people", declaring assimilation into the Kingdom of Serbia
  • Nov 28 Kaiser Wilhelm II of Prussia & Germany abdicates
  • Nov 28 Bucovina voted for the union with the Kingdom of Romania
  • Nov 29 Serbia annexes Montenegro

Birthdays in History

  • Nov 3 Russell B. Long, American politician (Sen-D-LA, 1948-86), born in Shreveport, Louisiana (d. 2003)
  • Nov 3 Elizabeth P. Hoisington, American Brigadier General (one of the first two women to attain the rank of brigadier general), born in Newton, Kansas (d. 2007)

Billy Graham

Nov 7 Billy Graham, American Baptist evangelist (Crusades) described as 1 of the 20th century's most influential Christian leaders, born in Charlotte, North Carolina (d. 2018)

  • Nov 7 Paul Aussaresses, French Army general, born in Saint-Paul-Cap-de-Joux, France (d. 2013)
  • Nov 8 Hermann Zapf, German typeface designer (Palatino and Optima), born in Nuremberg (d. 2015)

Spiro Agnew

Nov 9 Spiro Agnew, American politician (Vice President, 1969 until resignation over corruption allegations in 1973), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1996)

  • Nov 9 Choi Hong Hi, South Korean army general and Founder of Taekwon-Do, born in Hwadae, Myongchon County, North Hamgyong Province, Japanese Korea (d. 2002)
  • Nov 9 Thomas Ferebee, Enola Gay bombardier over Hiroshima, born in Mocksville, North Carolina (d. 2000)
  • Nov 9 Su Beng [Lim Tiau-hui], 'Father of Taiwanese Independence' (Taiwan’s 400-Year History), born in Taipei, Taiwan (d. 2019)
  • Nov 10 Ernst Fischer, German chemist (Nobel 1973), born in Munich, Germany (d. 2007)
  • Nov 10 Oda Blinder [Yolanda Corsen], Antillean poetess (Doorstep)
  • Nov 18 Tasker Watkins, Welsh World War II hero, born in Nelson, Wales (d. 2007)
  • Nov 19 Hendrik Christoffel Van de Hulst, Dutch astronomer (correctly predicted the existence of the 21 cm hyper-fine line of neutral atomic hydrogen in interstellar space), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 2000)
  • Nov 22 Claiborne Pell, American writer, politician (US Senator (D) from Rhode Island, 1961-97), and sponsor of education grant legislation, born in NYC (d. 2009)
  • Nov 26 Patricio Aylwin, Chilean lawyer, politician and President of Chile (1990-94), born in Viña del Mar, Chile (d. 2016)
  • Nov 29 Madeleine L'Engle, American writer of young adult fiction, novelist, and poet (Wrinkle in Time and sequels; Ilsa; Lines Scribbled on an Envelope), born in New York City (d. 2007)

Deaths in History

  • Nov 3 Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (Lyapunov exponent), dies at 61
  • Nov 4 Andrew Dickson White, American historian and educator, 1st President of Cornell University, dies at 85

Wilfred Owen

Nov 4 Wilfred Owen, English soldier and anti-war poet (Anthem for Doomed Youth, Futility), killed in action at 25 during the crossing of the Sambre–Oise Canal, exactly one week before the signing of the Armistice

  • Nov 9 Guillaume Apollinaire [Kostrowitsky], French poet (Alcools) and art critic (coined the term 'Cubism'), dies during the Spanish Flu pandemic at 38
  • Nov 11 Victor Adler, Austrian politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), dies at 66
  • Nov 11 George Lawrence Price, Canadian soldier, last person to be killed in WW I (b. 1892)
  • Nov 13 Marten Baersma [MH Bottema], Fries author, dies at 28
  • Nov 29 Harald Kidde, Danish writer (Helten), dies at 40