On This Day

October 1918 in History

Events in History


Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 1 World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence ("Lawrence of Arabia") capture Damascus

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • Oct 3 Boris becomes king of Bulgaria
  • Oct 3 Tsar Ferdinand I of Bulgaria abdicates the throne in favour of his eldest son Tsar Boris III
  • Oct 3 Selwyn Theater opens at 229 W 42nd St NYC
  • Oct 6 US ship Otranto sinks between Scotland & Ireland, 425 die

Battle of InterestSgt. Alvin York Kills 25 German Soldiers

Oct 8 American soldier Alvin York single-handedly attacks German gun nest, killing at least 25 and capturing 132 Germans

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Painting of Sergeant Alvin York firing at the German soldiers in France
Painting of Sergeant Alvin York firing at the German soldiers in France
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  • Oct 10 Baden's Geisz forms government
  • Oct 11 Major tsumani shakes Caribbean
  • Oct 12 Cloquet fire kills 453 and injures or displaces 52,000 people
  • Oct 15 British Q-ship Cymric sinks British submarine J6
  • Oct 17 De Kooy airport in Netherlands opens
  • Oct 17 Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
  • Oct 18 Czechoslovakia declares independence from Austro-Hungarian Empire
  • Oct 18 Russian 10th Army drives out White armies of Tsaritsyn (Stalingrad)

Victory in BattleEnd of World War I

Oct 20 In order to secure a WWI armistice, Germany agrees to further concessions

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This painting depicts the signing of the armistice which ended World War I in Compiegne, France
This painting depicts the signing of the armistice which ended World War I in Compiegne, France
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  • Oct 21 Margaret Owen sets world typing speed record of 170 wpm for 1 min
  • Oct 25 Canadian steamship "Princess Sophia" hits a reef off Alaska, 398 die

UKStonehenge

Oct 26 Cecil Chubb gives prehistoric monument Stonehenge to the British nation

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Stonehenge, a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England
Stonehenge, a prehistoric monument in Wiltshire, England
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  • Oct 26 Soldiers revolt at Harskamp, Veluwe
  • Oct 26 Germany's supreme commander General Eric Ludendorff resigns, protesting the terms to which the German Government has agreed in negotiating an armistice
  • Oct 28 Czechoslovakia gains independence as Austria-Hungary breaks up

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 28 Tomáš G. Massaryk claims independence for Czechoslovakia

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • Oct 29 German sailors refuse to obey orders to fight British naval forces and lead a revolt in the naval ports of Wilhelmshaven, beginning the German Revolution
  • Oct 30 Slovakia asks for creation of Czechoslovakian state
  • Oct 30 WWI: Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies, agreeing to end hostilities at noon on 31 October

The 1918 Flu PandemicThe 1918 Flu Pandemic

Oct 31 Spanish flu kills 21,000 people in the US in a single week

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1918: A group of Americans in California with a message for their fellow countrymen
1918: A group of Americans in California with a message for their fellow countrymen
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  • Oct 31 Short-lived Banat Republic founded in territory where Romania, Hungary and Serbia meet

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 4 Kenichi Fukui, Japanese chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
  • Oct 7 Marcus Klingburg, Israeli soviet spy and epidemiologist
  • Oct 8 Jens Christian Skou, Danish scientist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1997), born in Lemvig, Denmark (d. 2018)
  • Oct 9 E. Howard Hunt, American intelligence officer involved in Watergate break-in, born in Hamburg, New York (d. 2007)
  • Oct 10 Jean Gimpel, French author and medievalist, born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • Oct 10 Yigal Allon, Israeli politician, born in Kfar Tavor, Palestine (d. 1980)
  • Oct 14 Marcel Chaput, French Canadian politician, born in Hull, Quebec (d. 1991)
  • Oct 16 Bill Nichols, (Rep-D-AL, 1967- )
  • Oct 18 James Cameron Tudor, politician
  • Oct 18 Konstantinos Mitsottakis, premier of Greece (1990- )
  • Oct 18 Willem J "Molly" Geertsema, Dutch liberal/interior minister)
  • Oct 18 Constantine Mitsotakis [Konstantinos Mitsotakis], Prime Minister of Greece (1990 –1993), born in Halepa, Crete (d. 2017)
  • Oct 19 Louis Althusser, French philosopher (For Marx, Strangled His Wife)
  • Oct 19 Robert Charles Evans, mountaineer/doctor
  • Oct 20 Robert Lochner, German journalist (d. 2003)
  • Oct 27 Paul Dixon, Ohio talk show host (Paul Dixon Show), born in Albia, Iowa (d. 1974)
  • Oct 29 Bernard Gordon, American writer and producer (Earth vs. the Flying Saucers), born in New Britain, Connecticut (d. 2007)
  • Oct 31 Ian Stevenson, Canadian-American parapsychologist and reincarnation expert, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2007)

Deaths in History

  • Oct 5 Roland Garros, French stunt flyer, dies
  • Oct 9 Mikhail Vasilyevich Alekseyev, Imperial Russian general and WW I Chief of Staff, murdered at 60
  • Oct 9 Raymond Duchamp-Villon, French cubist sculptor (Head of Baudeaire), dies at 41
  • Oct 13 Gerrit Engelke, German writer (Briefer der Liebe), dies
  • Oct 15 Sai Baba of Shirdi, Indian saint (b. circa 1838)
  • Oct 19 Joseph Lesage, French painter/etcher (WWI), dies at 34
  • Oct 28 Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician and politician (Fondamenti per la teorica delle funzioni di variabili reali), dies at 72
  • Oct 28 Edward Bouchet, American Physicist, 1st African American to receive US Ph.D, dies at 66
  • Oct 31 Egon Schiele, Austrian painter and graphic artist, dies at 28
  • Oct 31 Stephen Tisza, Hungarian PM (-1917), assassinated by soldiers