On This Day

December 1919 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 1 AA Milne's "Mr Pim Passes By" premieres in Manchester

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 1 Lady Nancy Astor sworn-in as 1st female member of British Parliament

1st Female MP in the United Kingdom Nancy Astor
1st Female MP in the United Kingdom
Nancy Astor

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to US President Woodrow Wilson

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 10 NY, Boston, & Chicago, oppose AL resolution accusing Ban Johnson of overstepping his duties

Founder of Baseball's American League Ban Johnson
Founder of Baseball's American League
Ban Johnson
  • Dec 11 Boll weevil monument dedicated in Enterprise, Alabama
  • Dec 13 Ross & Smith land in Australia from a flight from London
  • Dec 15 Edna St Vincent Millay's "Aria da Capo" premieres in NYC
  • Dec 15 Fiume (Rijeka) declares it's Independence
  • Dec 17 Austrian parliament approves 8-hour working day
  • Dec 19 American Meteorological Society found
  • Dec 20 Canadian National Railways established (N America's longest, 50,000 KM)
  • Dec 20 US House of Representatives restricts immigration

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 21 J. Edgar Hoover deports anarchists/feminist Emma Goldman to Russia

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • Dec 22 US deports 250 alien radicals, including anarchist Emma Goldman
  • Dec 23 1st hospital ship built to move wounded naval personnel launched
  • Dec 23 Alice H Parker patents gas heating furnace
  • Dec 30 Lincoln's Inn in London admits its first female bar student.

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 1 Anne Cox Chambers, US ambassador to Belgium (1977-81), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • Dec 2 Michael Geoffrey Corcos, medical researcher
  • Dec 4 I. K. [Inder Kumar] Gujral, Indian politician, Prime Minister of India (1997-98), born in Jhelum, British India (d. 2012)
  • Dec 5 Victor Collin Matthews, British businessman, born in Islington, London (d. 1995)
  • Dec 6 Paul de Man, Belgian literary critic, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1983)
  • Dec 8 Peter Tali Coleman, Governor of American Samoa (1956-61, 78-85, 89-93), born in Pago Pago, American Samoa (d. 1997)
  • Dec 9 William Lipscomb, American chemist working in nuclear magnetic resonance, theoretical chemistry, boron chemistry, and biochemistry (Nobel 1976), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 2011)
  • Dec 12 Olivia Barclay, British astrologer (revival of traditional forms of astrology in the late 20th century), born in Essex, England (d. 2001)
  • Dec 12 Dan DeCarlo, American cartoonist (Archie Comics), born in New Rochelle, New York (d. 2001)
  • Dec 13 Hans-Joachim Marseille, German flying ace of World War II (d. 1942)
  • Dec 19 Benedict Freedman, novelist and mathematician (Mrs Mike), born in NYC, New York (d. 2012)
  • Dec 23 Kenneth M. Taylor, American pilot (d. 2006)
  • Dec 23 Peggy Fortnum, British Illustrator (first to draw Paddington Bear), born in London (d. 2016)
  • Dec 25 Paul David, French Canadian cardiologist, founder of the Montreal Heart Institute (d. 1999)
  • Dec 29 Pieter Terpstra, Dutch journalist & writer (De dei is forroun/Havank-T), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 2006)
  • Dec 31 Artur Fischer, German inventor with more patents than Edison, born in Tumlingen, Baden-Württemberg (d. 2016)
  • Dec 31 Recy Taylor, American sexual assault victim, born in Abbeville, Alabama (d. 2017)

Deaths in History

  • Dec 2 Henry Clay Frick, built largest coke & steel operation, dies at 69

Person of interestPierre Auguste Renoir

Dec 3 Pierre Auguste Renoir, French Impressionist painter and sculptor (Bal du moulin de la Galette, Luncheon of the Boating Party), dies at 78

Painter & Sculptor Pierre Auguste Renoir
Painter & Sculptor
Pierre Auguste Renoir
  • Dec 13 Woldemar Voigt, German physicist (b. 1850)
  • Dec 18 John Alcock, English pilot (1st non-stop flight across Atlantic Ocean), dies in crash at 27
  • Dec 27 Theodoor H de Meester, Dutch lib premier (1905-08), dies at 68
  • Dec 28 Johannes Rydberg, Swedish physicist (Rydberg formula), dies at 65
  • Dec 29 William Osler, Canadian physician and author (circulatory system), dies at 70