January 1919 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 Belorussian SSR established

Historic Event

Jan 1 British naval officer David Beatty is promoted to full admiral

Historic Event

Jan 1 Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company

Historic Event

Jan 3 Herbert Hoover is placed in charge of war relief in Europe

  • Jan 3 The Faisal-Weizmann Agreement, which was a short-lived agreement for the development of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, is signed by the King of Iraq and the President of the World Zionist Organization
  • Jan 5 German Workers' Party forms, precursor to the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nazi)
  • Jan 5 Left-wing Spartacus organization instigates a revolt in Berlin; terrified by the spread of Bolshevism, German troops brutally suppress the uprising
  • Jan 7 Montenegrin guerrilla fighters rebel, but fail to prevent Serbia's annexation of Montenegro
  • Jan 7 The Industrial and Commercial Workers' Union of South Africa is founded, led by Clements Kadalie
  • Jan 11 3 year old German communist party (Spartacus) crushed
  • Jan 11 Romania annexes Transylvania
  • Jan 15 Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, two of the most prominent socialists in Germany, are tortured and murdered by the Freikorps
  • Jan 15 Semana Tragica (Tragic Week): Bloodbath in Buenos Aires
  • Jan 15 Two million gallons of molasses flood Boston Massachusetts in the "Great Molasses Flood" when a storage tank burst, drowning 21 and injuring 150
  • Jan 15 W Collison & O Harbach's "Up in Mabel's Room" premieres in NYC

Prohibition is Ratified

Jan 16 The 18th Amendment to the US Constitution, authorizing the prohibition of alcohol, is ratified by a majority of US states

Historic Event

Jan 18 Bentley Motors Limited is founded by Walter Owen Bentley in London, England

  • Jan 18 The Paris peace conference (aka the Versailles peace conference) opens to draw up the treaties formally ending the Great War (WWI)
  • Jan 19 National elections held in Germany to form a National Constituent Assembly and draft a constitution
  • Jan 21 Irish militant nationalist party Sinn Féin creates its own parliament in Dublin and declares Ireland independent of Great Britain, sparking the Irish War of Independence
  • Jan 25 Founding of League of Nations, 1st meeting 1 year later
  • Jan 25 The Hotel Pennsylvania, at the time the world's largest, opens in Manhattan
  • Jan 31 The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland: troops deployed against protesters for fear of a Bolshevik uprising

Birthdays in History

J. D. SalingerJ. D. Salinger (1919-2010)

Jan 1 American novelist (The Catcher in the Rye), born in NYC, New York

  • Jan 4 Al "Jazzbo" Collins, American DJ (The Tonight Show, America After Dark), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1997)
  • Jan 4 Havelock Hudson, British underwriter (Lloyd's of London) (d. 1996)
  • Jan 14 Giulio Andreotti, Italian politician & statesman (Prime Minister, 1989–1992), born in Rome, Italy (d. 2013)
  • Jan 23 Hans Hass, Austrian zoologist and underwater scientist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2013)
  • Jan 24 Nora Beloff, English journalist & author, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1997)
  • Jan 29 Norman Frederick Simpson, British playwright (One Way Pendulum), born in London, England (d. 2011)
  • Jan 30 Nikolay Glazkov, Russian poet, born in Lyskovo, Russia (d. 1979)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general, dies at 39
  • Jan 4 Georg von Hertling, Chancellor of Germany (1917-18), dies at 75
  • Jan 6 Max Heindel, Danish-American Christian occultist, astrologer and mystic, dies at 54

Theodore RooseveltTheodore Roosevelt (1858-1919)

Jan 6 26th US President (R: 1901-09; Nobel 1906), dies in NY at 60

  • Jan 7 Henry Ware Eliot, American industrialist, philanthropist and the father of T. S. Eliot, dies at 75
  • Jan 8 Peter Altenberg, writer, dies at 59
  • Jan 15 Karl Liebknecht, German Marxist revolutionary (Sparta Party), murdered at 47
  • Jan 15 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, murdered by the Freikorps at 47
  • Jan 16 Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, President of Brazil (b. 1848)
  • Jan 18 Prince John of the United Kingdom, youngest son of English king George V, dies at 13
  • Jan 21 Gojong, Emperor Gwangmu of Korea (1897-1907), dies at 66
  • Jan 22 Carl Larsson, Swedish painter (Midwinter Sacrifice - Swedish National Museum of Fine Arts), dies at 65
  • Jan 27 Endre Ady, Hungarian lyric poet (Még egyzer, Uj versek), dies from complications related to alcoholism at 41
  • Jan 30 Sam Steele, Canadian soldier, dies from influenza at 71
  • Jan 31 Paul Lindau, German playwright/critic (Estimate), dies at 79