July 1919 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 US 1st class postage drops from 3 cents to 2 cents
  • Jul 4 ADGB (Allgemeine Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund) party forms
  • Jul 6 British R-34 lands in NY, 1st airship to cross Atlantic (108 hr)

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 8 US President Woodrow Wilson returns to NYC from Versailles Peace Conference

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Jul 10 Dutch 1st Chamber approves woman suffrage
  • Jul 10 US President Woodrow Wilson personally delivers Treaty of Versailles to Senate
  • Jul 11 Dutch 2nd chamber approves 8-hour day and no Sunday work
  • Jul 13 Race riots in Longview and Gregg counties, Texas
  • Jul 17 Finland adopts constitution
  • Jul 17 Yanks 21 hits, Browns 17 hits Browns win 7-6 in 17, on squeeze play
  • Jul 19 Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen rioted and burnt down Luton Town Hall.
  • Jul 21 Anthony Fokker's establishes airplane factory at Hamburg and Amsterdam
  • Jul 21 Dirigible crashes through bank skylight killing 13 in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jul 22 De Falla & Massine's "Three-cornered Hat" premieres in London
  • Jul 24 Race Riot in Washington, D.C. (6 killed, 100 wounded)
  • Jul 27 Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured)
  • Jul 28 Vrije Vakbewegings Internationale (VVI) forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 31 The Weimar Constitution establishing the German Republic is adopted

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 2 Jean Craighead George, American writer
  • Jul 7 William Moses Kunstler, defense attorney (Chicago 8)
  • Jul 8 Walter Scheel, German politician, West German Foreign Minister and President, born in Solingen (d. 2016)
  • Jul 9 Peggy Braithwaite, lighthouse-keeper, born on Piel Island (d. 1996)
  • Jul 15 Iris Murdoch, novelist (Severed Head, Unicorn), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Jul 16 Choi Kyu-hah, President of South Korea, born in Wŏnju, South Korea (d. 2006)
  • Jul 16 Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal and female camp guard at Ravensbrück and Majdanek concentration camps, born in Vienna, Republic of German-Austria (d. 1999)
  • Jul 19 Robert Pinget, French novelist (The Interrogation) and playwright, born in Geneva (d. 1997)

Person of interestEdmund Hillary

Jul 20 Edmund Hillary, Explorer and Mountaineer (1st to scale Mt Everest with Tenzing Norgay), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 2008)

Mountaineer and Explorer Edmund Hillary
Mountaineer and Explorer
Edmund Hillary
  • Jul 25 Hubert Booi, Bonairian poet (Golgotha, Muchila), born in Bonaire
  • Jul 26 James Lovelock, British scientist and environmentalist, born in Letchworth, Hertfordshire
  • Jul 26 Kenneth Snowman, British jeweller and antiquarian, born in Hampstead, London (d. 2002)
  • Jul 29 Miltos Sachtouris, Greek poet (d. 2005)
  • Jul 29 Robert Marsden Hope, Australian Justice and Royal Commissioner, born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1999)
  • Jul 30 Berniece Baker Miracle, American writer (My Sister Marilyn) and half-sister of Marilyn Monroe, born in Venice, Los Angeles
  • Jul 31 Primo Levi, Italian chemist and writer (Survival in Auschwitz), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1987)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

Jul 10 Author Aldous Huxley (25) weds epidemiologist Maria Nys in Bellem, Belgium


Deaths in History

  • Jul 2 Anna Howard Shaw, American suffragette, dies at 72
  • Jul 7 Paul Deusen, German philosopher/CEO (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft), dies

Person of interestEmil Fischer

Jul 15 [Hermann] Emil Fischer, German chemist, discovered Fischer esterification (Nobel Prize 1902), commits suicide at 66

Chemist and Nobel Laureate Emil Fischer
Chemist and Nobel Laureate
Emil Fischer
  • Jul 26 Sir Edward Poynter, British painter (b. 1836)