July 1919 in History

Events in History

  • Jul 1 US 1st class postage drops from 3 cents to 2 cents
  • Jul 4 ADGB (Allgemeine Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund) party forms
  • Jul 6 British R-34 lands in NY, 1st airship to cross Atlantic (108 hr)

Event of Interest

Jul 6 Institute for Sexual Science opened in Berlin by physician Magnus Hirschfeld to establish study of sexual science

Conference of Interest

Jul 8 US President Woodrow Wilson returns to NYC from Versailles Peace Conference

  • Jul 10 Dutch parliament approves women's right to vote
  • Jul 11 Dutch 2nd chamber approves 8-hour day and no Sunday work
  • Jul 13 Race riots in Longview, Gregg County, Texas
  • Jul 17 Finland adopts constitution
  • Jul 19 Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen rioted and burnt down Luton Town Hall.

Event of Interest

Jul 21 Anthony Fokker establishes his new aircraft company, the Dutch Aircraft Factory in Amsterdam

  • Jul 21 Dirigible crashes through bank skylight killing 13 in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jul 22 De Falla & Massine's "Three-cornered Hat" premieres in London
  • Jul 24 Race Riot in Washington, D.C. (6 killed, 100 wounded)
  • Jul 27 Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured)
  • Jul 28 Vrije Vakbewegings Internationale (VVI) forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 31 The Weimar Constitution establishing the German Republic is adopted

Birthdays in History

  • Jul 2 Jean Craighead George, American writer (Julie of the Wolves), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2012)
  • Jul 6 Oswaldo Guayasamín, Ecuadorian master painter and sculptor, born in Quito, Ecuador (d. 1999)
  • Jul 7 William Kunstler, American defense attorney (defended the Chicago 7), born in New York City (d. 1995)
  • Jul 8 Walter Scheel, German politician, West German Foreign Minister and President, born in Solingen (d. 2016)
  • Jul 9 Peggy Braithwaite, lighthouse-keeper, born on Piel Island (d. 1996)
  • Jul 15 Iris Murdoch, Irish-British novelist ("Under the Net"; "The Sea, The Sea") and philosopher ("The Sovereignty of Good"), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1999)
  • Jul 16 Choi Kyu-hah, President of South Korea, born in Wŏnju, South Korea (d. 2006)
  • Jul 16 Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal and female camp guard at Ravensbrück and Majdanek concentration camps, born in Vienna, Republic of German-Austria (d. 1999)
  • Jul 19 Robert Pinget, French novelist (The Interrogation) and playwright, born in Geneva (d. 1997)

Edmund HillaryEdmund Hillary (1919-2008)

Jul 20 New Zealand explorer and mountaineer who was 1st to scale Mount Everest with Tenzing Norgay, born in Auckland, New Zealand

  • Jul 25 Hubert Booi, Bonairian-Aruban poet (Golgotha, Muchila), born on Bonaire (d. 2014)
  • Jul 26 James Lovelock, British scientist and environmentalist (Gaia hypothesis), born in Letchworth, Hertfordshire (d. 2022) [1]
  • Jul 26 Kenneth Snowman, British jeweller and antiquarian, born in Hampstead, London (d. 2002)
  • Jul 29 Miltos Sachtouris, Greek poet (d. 2005)
  • Jul 29 Robert Marsden Hope, Australian Justice and Royal Commissioner, born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1999)
  • Jul 30 Berniece Baker Miracle, American writer (My Sister Marilyn) and half-sister of Marilyn Monroe, born in Venice, Los Angeles (d. 2014)
  • Jul 31 Curt Gowdy, American sportscaster, author (Ford C. Frick Award, Pete Rozelle Award, lifetime achievement Emmy 1992), born in Green River, Wyoming (d. 2006)
  • Jul 31 Primo Levi, Italian chemist and writer (Survival in Auschwitz), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1987)

Weddings in History

Aldous Huxley

Jul 10 Author Aldous Huxley (25) weds epidemiologist Maria Nys in Bellem, Belgium

Deaths in History

  • Jul 2 Anna Howard Shaw, American suffragette, dies at 72
  • Jul 7 Paul Deusen, German philosopher/CEO (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft), dies

Emil FischerEmil Fischer (1852-1919)

Jul 15 German chemist, discovered Fischer esterification (Nobel Prize 1902), commits suicide at 66

  • Jul 26 Edward Poynter, British painter, President of the Royal Academy, dies at 83