On This Day

March 1919 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 The March 1st, or Samil Movement, begins in Korea: it is a demonstration of resistance to Japanese occupation
  • Mar 2 1st congress of Communist International opens at the Kremlin
  • Mar 3 1st international air mail service from US, Seattle-Victoria, BC
  • Mar 3 Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike
  • Mar 11 General strike in Germany crushed
  • Mar 12 Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)
  • Mar 15 American Legion forms (Paris)
  • Mar 17 Dutch steel workers strike for 8 hr day & minimum wages
  • Mar 18 Order of DeMolay forms in Kansas City

Historic Publication

Mar 19 Literary Magazine "Littérature", edited by André Breton, Philippe Soupault, and Louis Aragon publishes its first issue

  • Mar 23 Bashkir ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted

Historic Event

Mar 23 Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy

Historic Event

Mar 23 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. Original members Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky

Conference of Interest

Mar 25 Woodrow Wilson's dream of a League of Nations becomes a reality after the League Covenant is adopted at the Paris Peace Conference

  • Mar 30 Belgian Army occupies Düsseldorf

Historic Event

Mar 30 Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act

  • Mar 30 Paul Claudel's "Tête d'Or" premieres in Paris
  • Mar 31 Strike against Ruhrgebied government of Scheidemann

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 6 Maurice Grosse, British paranormal investigator (d. 2006)
  • Mar 7 Jocelyn Hambro, British financier (Hambros Bank), born in London, England (d. 1994)
  • Mar 7 Mochtar Lubis, Indonesian writer (Twilight in Jakarta), born in Padang, Dutch East Indies (d. 2004)
  • Mar 13 Faye Glenn Abdellah, American pioneer in nursing research and US government official (health services), born in NYC, New York (d. 2017)
  • Mar 14 Max Shulman, novelist (Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, Tender Trap)
  • Mar 19 Cornelis Berkhouwer, Member of 2nd chamber (Dutch Liberal Party)
  • Mar 21 Geoffrey Pinnington, journalist
  • Mar 23 Michael Lyne, British air Vice-marshal
  • Mar 23 Carl Graffunder, mid-century modernist architect
  • Mar 24 Lawrence Ferlinghetti, American beat poet (Coney Island of the Mind), born in Bronxville, New York (d. 2021) [1]
  • Mar 24 John J Duncan Jr, (Rep-R-TN, 1965- )
  • Mar 24 Robert Heilbroner, American economist (d. 2005
  • Mar 27 Julian Amery, British conservative politician and minister, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Mar 30 McGeorge Bundy, national security adviser (JFK), born in Boston, Massachusetts

Deaths in History

  • Mar 2 Melchora Aquino, Filipino revolutionary hero (b. 1812)
  • Mar 10 Amelia E. Barr, British-born American writer (Remember the Alamo), dies at 87
  • Mar 14 Roger Atkinson Pryor, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 90