October 1919 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 2 1st edition "Volkskrant" (People's newspaper) published in Neth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 2 US President Woodrow Wilson has a stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Oct 3 Serbian, Croatian & Slavic parliment accord for 8 hr work day
  • Oct 5 Norwegian population agrees to prohibition
  • Oct 6 Stambuliski becomes premier of Bulgaria
  • Oct 7 First London-Amsterdam airline service (British Aerial Transport & KLM)
  • Oct 7 Fritz Kreisler & F Jacobi's "Apple Blossoms" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 7 KLM, Royal Dutch Airlines, established (oldest existing airline)
  • Oct 10 Richard Strauss & Hugo van Hofmannsthals premieres in Vienna
  • Oct 11 First transcontinental air race ends
  • Oct 15 14 horses begin 300-mile race from Vt to Mass for $1000 prize money
  • Oct 17 Radio Corporation of America (RCA) created
  • Oct 17 The Radio Corporation of America created as subsidiary of General Electric

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 David Beatty is created 1st Earl Beatty, Viscount Borodale, and Baron Beatty of the North Sea and Brooksby

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • Oct 19 1st US Distinguished Service Medal awarded to a living female recipient, Anna Howard Shaw
  • Oct 26 US President Woodrow Wilson's veto of Prohibition Enforcement Bill is overridden
  • Oct 27 Axeman of New Orleans claims last victim
  • Oct 28 Volstead Act passed by US Congress, establishing prohibition, despite President Woodrow Wilson's veto

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 2 Geoffrey Luttrell, English landowner and Lord Lieutenant of Somerset, born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2007)
  • Oct 3 John Boyd [Boyd Bradfield Upchurch], American sci-fi author (The Last Starship from Earth), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2013)
  • Oct 3 James M. Buchanan, American economist (Nobel Memorial 1986), born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee (d. 2013)
  • Oct 7 George Duby, historian
  • Oct 7 Sir Zelman Cowen, Australian politician
  • Oct 8 Kiichi Miyazawa, 78th Prime Minister of Japan (1991-93), born in Tokyo (d. 2007)
  • Oct 12 Gilles Beaudoin, Canadian politician (Mayor of Trois-Rivières), born in Trois-Rivières, Canada (d. 2007)
  • Oct 14 Edward L. Feightner, American rear-admiral (WW II-Santa Cruz Islands), born in Lima, Ohio
  • Oct 15 Edwin Charles Tubb, British sci-fi writer (Earth is Heaven, Earthfall), born in London (d. 2010)
  • Oct 15 Howard Smith, British diplomat and Director General of MI5, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Oct 15 Malcolm Ross, American balloonist and atmospheric physicist, born in Momence, Illinois (d. 1985)
  • Oct 16 Kathleen Winsor, American writer (d. 2003)
  • Oct 17 Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov, Russian physicist

Person of interestPierre Trudeau

Oct 18 Pierre Trudeau, 15th Canadian Prime Minister (Liberal: 1968-79, 1980-84), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2000)

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • Oct 18 Ric Nordman, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
  • Oct 20 Tracy Hall, American inventor (d. 2008)
  • Oct 21 Claire Sterling, journalist
  • Oct 21 Daniel John Chapman Cunningham, physiologist
  • Oct 22 Doris Lessing, Iranian novelist (Adore, Memoirs of a Survivor, Golden Notebook), born in Kermanshah, Iran (d. 2013)
  • Oct 22 Kathleen Ankers, American scenic designer (d. 2001)
  • Oct 23 Manolis Andronikos, Greek archaeologist who discovered ancient royal Macedonian tombs in northern Greece, born in Bursa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1992)
  • Oct 24 Frank Piasecki, American aeronautical engineer (d. 2008)

Person of interestMohammad Reza Pahlavi

Oct 25 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, last Shah of Iran (Persia) (1941-79), born in Tehran, Iran (d. 1980)

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Person of interestEdward W. Brooke

Oct 26 Edward W. Brooke, 1st African American senator in over 80 yrs (Sen-R-Mass), born in Washington D.C. (d. 2015)

US Senator Edward W. Brooke
US Senator
Edward W. Brooke
  • Oct 31 Magnus Wenninger, American mathematician and author of Polyhedron models, born in Park Falls, Wisconsin (d. 2017)

Deaths in History

  • Oct 7 Alfred Deakin, 2nd Prime Minister of Australia, dies at 63
  • Oct 8 Eugene Demolder, Belgian writer (Sous la Robe), dies
  • Oct 13 Karl Adolph Gjellerup, Danish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1857)
  • Oct 14 Wilhelm von Siemens, German industrial/son of Werner, dies
  • Oct 22 Bruce Frederick Cummings, English author (Journal of a Disappointed Man), dies at 30
  • Oct 27 Theodoor H de Meester, premier (1905-08), dies
  • Oct 29 Soen Shaku, Zen abbot of Engakuji monastery in Kamakura, dies at 60
  • Oct 29 A. B. Simpson, Canadian preacher (b. 1843)