On This Day

1919 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 235

  • May 29 The Republic of Prekmurje founded - a short-lived, unrecognised state, which on June 6, 1919 was incorporated into the newly established Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed "Yugoslavia" in 1929)
  • May 31 NC-4 aircraft commanded by AC Read completes 1st crossing of Atlantic
  • Jun 1 Rhineland Republic forms in Wiesbaden
  • Jun 2 Pulitzer prize awarded to Carl Sandburg (Cornhuskers)
  • Jun 3 Supreme Liberty Life Insurance Co (Chicago) - first insurance company organized by African Americans formed
  • Jun 4 US Congress passes the Women's Suffrage Bill, the 19th Amendment
  • Jun 4 US marines invade Costa Rica
  • Jun 6 Assent is given to an Act to amend the Canadian Currency Act, 1910
  • Jun 6 Finland declares war on bolsheviks
  • Jun 6 The Republic of Prekmurje ends
  • Jun 7 Sette giugno: Riot in Malta; four are killed.
  • Jun 9 General steel strike in France
  • Jun 9 Red Army captures Ufa
  • Jun 12 Dutch 2nd Chamber accord for equal Christian-public education
  • Jun 14 1st nonstop air crossing of Atlantic (Alcock & Brown) leaves Newfoundland
  • Jun 15 1st nonstop Atlantic flight (Alcock & Brown) lands in Ireland

  • Jun 19 Opposed to dismemberment of Turkey by the Allies, Mustafa Kemal declares his Turkish Nationalist Congress, headquartered in Ankara, independent of Constantinople
  • Jun 20 Treaty of Versailles: Germany ends incorporation of Austria
  • Jun 20 150 die at the Teatro Yaguez fire, Mayagüez, Puerto Rico
  • Jun 20 Philipp Scheidemann resigns as chancellor of the new German Republic, which he helped establish, refusing to sign the Treaty of Versailles
  • Jun 21 Bauer forms German government
  • Jun 21 The German Navy, feeling betrayed by the terms of the Versailles Treaty, scuttles most of its ships interned at Great Britain's Scapa Flow Naval base in the Orkney Islands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jun 23 Marcus Garvey's Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) incorporates

Black Nationalist Marcus Garvey
Black Nationalist
Marcus Garvey
  • Jun 23 Nitti government forms in Italy
  • Jun 25 1st advanced monoplane airliner flight (Junkers F13)
  • Jun 25 Revolt of Spartacus in Hamburg
  • Jun 26 NY Daily News begins publishing
  • Jun 28 Treaty of Versailles, ending WWI and establishing the League of Nations, is signed in France
  • Jul 1 US 1st class postage drops from 3 cents to 2 cents
  • Jul 4 ADGB (Allgemeine Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund) party forms
  • Jul 6 British R-34 lands in NY, 1st airship to cross Atlantic (108 hr)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jul 6 Institute for Sexual Science opened in Berlin by physician Magnus Hirschfeld to establish study of sexual science

Physician and Gay Rights Advocate Magnus Hirschfeld
Physician and Gay Rights Advocate
Magnus Hirschfeld

Conference meetingConference of Interest

Jul 8 US President Woodrow Wilson returns to NYC from Versailles Peace Conference

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • Jul 10 Dutch 1st Chamber approves woman suffrage
  • Jul 10 US President Woodrow Wilson personally delivers Treaty of Versailles to Senate
  • Jul 11 Dutch 2nd chamber approves 8-hour day and no Sunday work

  • Jul 13 Race riots in Longview, Gregg County, Texas
  • Jul 17 Finland adopts constitution
  • Jul 19 Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of World War I, ex-servicemen rioted and burnt down Luton Town Hall.
  • Jul 21 Anthony Fokker's establishes airplane factory at Hamburg and Amsterdam
  • Jul 21 Dirigible crashes through bank skylight killing 13 in Chicago, Illinois
  • Jul 22 De Falla & Massine's "Three-cornered Hat" premieres in London
  • Jul 24 Race Riot in Washington, D.C. (6 killed, 100 wounded)
  • Jul 27 Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured)
  • Jul 28 Vrije Vakbewegings Internationale (VVI) forms in Amsterdam
  • Jul 31 The Weimar Constitution establishing the German Republic is adopted

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 1 Queen Wilhelmina opens 1st Air Fair in Amsterdam

Queen of the Netherlands Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
Queen of the Netherlands
Wilhelmina of the Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 4 Rodin Museum opens in Paris in The hôtel Biron containing works left to the state by the sculptor Auguste Rodin

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Sculptor
Auguste Rodin
  • Aug 4 Hungarian communist leader Béla Kun flees to Vienna after the Hungarian Soviet Republic is overthrown by the Romanian Army
  • Aug 6 1st air flight over a major body of water in Australia (Harry Butler)
  • Aug 6 Romanian forces bring down Hungarian Soviet Republic in Budapest
  • Aug 8 Treaty of Rawalpindi, British recognise Afghanistan's independence
  • Aug 10 Ukrainian National Army massacres 25 Jews in Podolia Ukraine
  • Aug 11 Weimar Republic begins in Germany
  • Aug 18 Anti-Cigarette League of America forms in Chicago, Illinois
  • Aug 19 Afghanistan declares independence from UK
  • Aug 25 1st scheduled passenger service by airplane (Paris-London)
  • Aug 28 General John Smuts becomes premier of South Africa
  • Aug 30 Ernst Toller's "Die Wandlung" premieres in Berlin
  • Aug 31 John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago
  • Aug 31 Petlyura's Ukrainian Army kills 35 members of a Jewish defense group
  • Aug 31 Ukrainian (Petlyura) Army recaptures Kiev
  • Sep 2 Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago
  • Sep 2 Italy agrees to general voting rights and proportional representation
  • Sep 3 President Woodrow Wilson set out on a tour of the USA to rouse public opinion behind the Treaty of Versailles and the League of Nations
  • Sep 4 British intervene in Petrograd

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 4 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who founded the Republic of Turkey, gathers a congress in Sivas to make decisions as to the future of Anatolia and Thrace.

President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
President and Founder of the Republic of Turkey
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
  • Sep 9 Boston's police force strikes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Sep 10 NYC welcomes home General John J. Pershing & 25,000 WW I soldiers

US WW1 Commander John J. Pershing
US WW1 Commander
John J. Pershing
  • Sep 10 Treaty of St Germain: Austria ends incorporation with Germany
  • Sep 10 China becomes a member of the League of Nations
  • Sep 11 US Marines again send troops to Honduras
  • Sep 12 The poet Gabriele D'Annunzio organizes a militant nationalist group and takes Fiume (Rijeka) for Italy

AgreementAgreement of Interest

Sep 12 Adolf Hitler joins the obscure German Worker's Party as its seventh member, agreeing not with worker's rights, but with its German Nationalism and antisemitism

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Sep 13 Guy Bolton & George Middleton's "Adam & Eve," premieres in NYC
  • Sep 14 British regime forbids Sinn Féin Dáil
  • Sep 16 American Legion incorporated by an act of US Congress
  • Sep 16 Dutch Ruether beats Giants 4-3 to clinch Cincinnati 1st NL pennant
  • Sep 18 Dutch second chamber accepts female suffrage
  • Sep 18 Hurricane tides 16 feet above normal drowns 280 along Gulf Coast
  • Sep 20 Booth Tarkington's "Clarence," premieres in NYC
  • Sep 22 -Jan 20] Steel strike in the US
  • Sep 25 US President Woodrow Wilson suffers a breakdown in Colorado, his health never recovers
  • Sep 27 British troops withdraw from the North Russian town of Archangelsk after fighting Bolsheviks/Soviets
  • Sep 27 Democratic National Committee votes to allow female members
  • Sep 30 Avery Hopwood's "Gold Diggers" premieres in NYC
  • Sep 30 Race riot at Elaine, Arkansas
  • Oct 2 1st edition "Volkskrant" (People's newspaper) published in Neth
  • Oct 2 US President Woodrow Wilson has a stroke, leaving him partially paralyzed
  • Oct 3 Serbian, Croatian and Slavic Parliament passes an accord for an 8 hr work day
  • Oct 5 Norwegian population agrees to prohibition
  • Oct 6 Stambuliski becomes premier of Bulgaria
  • Oct 7 First London-Amsterdam airline service (British Aerial Transport & KLM)
  • Oct 7 Fritz Kreisler & F Jacobi's "Apple Blossoms" premieres in NYC
  • Oct 7 KLM, Royal Dutch Airlines, established (oldest existing airline)
  • Oct 15 14 horses begin 300-mile race from Vt to Mass for $1000 prize money
  • Oct 17 Radio Corporation of America (RCA) is created as a subsidiary of General Electric
  • Oct 18 Belvin Maynard wins the first transcontinental air race in round trip of nine days, four hours, 25 minutes and 12 seconds, race costs nine lives with 54 crashes or forced landings

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Oct 18 David Beatty is created 1st Earl Beatty, Viscount Borodale, and Baron Beatty of the North Sea and Brooksby

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • Oct 19 1st US Distinguished Service Medal awarded to a living female recipient, Anna Howard Shaw

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 216

  • Jun 30 Ed Yost, American inventor of the modern hot air balloon and known as "Father of the Modern Day Hot-Air Balloon.", born in Bristow, Iowa (d. 2007)
  • Jul 2 Jean Craighead George, American writer (Julie of the Wolves), born in Washington, D.C. (2012)
  • Jul 6 Oswaldo Guayasamín, Ecuadorian master painter and sculptor, born in Quito, Ecuador (d. 1999)
  • Jul 7 William Moses Kunstler, defense attorney (Chicago 8)
  • Jul 8 Walter Scheel, German politician, West German Foreign Minister and President, born in Solingen (d. 2016)
  • Jul 9 Peggy Braithwaite, lighthouse-keeper, born on Piel Island (d. 1996)
  • Jul 15 Iris Murdoch, novelist (Severed Head, Unicorn), born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Jul 16 Choi Kyu-hah, President of South Korea, born in Wŏnju, South Korea (d. 2006)
  • Jul 16 Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal and female camp guard at Ravensbrück and Majdanek concentration camps, born in Vienna, Republic of German-Austria (d. 1999)
  • Jul 19 Robert Pinget, French novelist (The Interrogation) and playwright, born in Geneva (d. 1997)

Person of interestEdmund Hillary

Jul 20 Edmund Hillary, Explorer and Mountaineer (1st to scale Mt Everest with Tenzing Norgay), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 2008)

Mountaineer and Explorer Edmund Hillary
Mountaineer and Explorer
Edmund Hillary
  • Jul 25 Hubert Booi, Bonairian poet (Golgotha, Muchila), born in Bonaire
  • Jul 26 James Lovelock, British scientist and environmentalist, born in Letchworth, Hertfordshire
  • Jul 26 Kenneth Snowman, British jeweller and antiquarian, born in Hampstead, London (d. 2002)
  • Jul 29 Miltos Sachtouris, Greek poet (d. 2005)
  • Jul 29 Robert Marsden Hope, Australian Justice and Royal Commissioner, born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1999)
  • Jul 30 Berniece Baker Miracle, American writer (My Sister Marilyn) and half-sister of Marilyn Monroe, born in Venice, Los Angeles
  • Jul 31 Primo Levi, Italian chemist and writer (Survival in Auschwitz), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1987)
  • Jul 31 Curt Gowdry, American sportscaster, author (Ford C. Frick Award, Pete Rozelle Award, lifetime achievement Emmy 1992), born in Green River, Wyoming (d. 2006)
  • Aug 1 Stanley Middleton, British novelist (Holiday, Three Wise Men), born in Bulwell, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 2009)
  • Aug 6 Hugh Mendl, British record executive (Decca/Deram Records), born in London (d. 2008)
  • Aug 7 John Hogan, American chemist (discovered methods of producing polypropylene), born in Lowes, Kentucky (d. 2012)
  • Aug 8 Dino De Laurentiis, producer (King Kong), born in Torre Annunziata, Italy
  • Aug 9 Joop [Johannes] den Uyl, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (PVDA, 1973-77), born in Hilversum, Netherlands (d. 1987)
  • Aug 10 Elizabeth Thomas, literary consultant
  • Aug 12 Peter Ambrose Cyprian Luke, playwright
  • Aug 12 Vikram Sarabhai, Indian physicist (d. 1971)
  • Aug 13 Rex Humbard, American television evangelist (Cathedral of Tomorrow), born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 2007)
  • Aug 18 Walter J Hickel, (Gov-R-Alaska)/US Secretary of Interior (1969-71)

Person of interestMalcolm Forbes

Aug 19 Malcolm Forbes, American publisher of Forbes Magazine, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1990)

Publisher Malcolm Forbes
Publisher
Malcolm Forbes
  • Aug 22 Alan Cathcart, 6th Earl Cathcart, British major-general (d. 1999)
  • Aug 22 Leo Pliatzky, British senior civil servant, born in Manchester (d. 1999)
  • Aug 23 Robert Crichton-Brown, Australian businessman and CEO (Rothmans International), born in Melbourne, Australia (d. 2013)

Person of interestGeorge Wallace

Aug 25 George Wallace, American politician (Gov-D-Ala) and presidential candidate, born in Clio, Alabama (d. 1998)

Governor of Alabama and Segregationist George Wallace
Governor of Alabama and Segregationist
George Wallace
  • Aug 27 John Donkin Dormand, Baron Dormand of Easington, British politician (Labour Party), born in Haswell, County Durham, England (d. 2003)
  • Aug 28 Ernest Harold Martin [Markowitz], American Broadway producer (Feuer & Martin-Chorus Line), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1995)
  • Aug 30 Maurice R. Hilleman, American microbiologist who developed over 36 vaccines including measles, mumps, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, chickenpox, meningitis, pneumonia, born in Miles City, Montana (d. 2005)
  • Aug 31 Amrita Preetam, Indian poet and author, born in Gujranwala, Pakistan (d. 2005)
  • Sep 1 Roy John Britten, Washington, molecular biologist (repeated DNA sequences in eukaryotic genomes), (d. 2012)
  • Sep 6 Wilson Greatbatch, American engineer and pioneering inventor, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 2011)
  • Sep 8 Richard Pool, naval Officer
  • Sep 8 Gianni Brera, Italian sports journalist and writer, born in San Zenone al Po, Italy (d. 1992)
  • Sep 9 Gottfried Dienst, Swiss football referee (d. 1998)
  • Sep 13 Mary Midgley, British-American philosopher (Animals and Why They Matter), born in London
  • Sep 13 George Weidenfeld, British publisher (Weidenfeld & Nicolson), born in Vienna (d. 2016)
  • Sep 16 Andy Russell, American singer (Andy & Della Russell Show), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 1992)
  • Sep 16 Laurence J. Peter, Canadian author (Peter Principle), born in Vancouver, British Columbia (d. 1990)
  • Sep 19 Harry Shorto, British philologist and linguist (A Dictionary of the Mon Inscriptions) (d. 1995)
  • Sep 21 Aya Zikken, Dutch author (Atlasvlinder, Rameh), born in Epe, Gelderland, Netherlands (d. 2013)
  • Sep 21 Mario Bunge, Argentine philosopher and physicist, born in Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Sep 21 Fazlur Rahman, Pakistani modernist scholar, born in Hazara District, Pakistan (d. 1988)
  • Sep 22 Jack Russell, singer (Your Show of Shows), born in Saratoga Springs, New York
  • Sep 26 Matilde Camus, Spanish poet and researcher, born in Santander, Cantabria, Spain (d. 2012)
  • Sep 27 Charles H Percy, (Sen-R-Ill)
  • Sep 27 Jayne Meadows, American actress (Dark Delusion, David and Bathsheba) and wife of Steve Allen, born in Wuchang, Hubei, China (d. 2015)
  • Sep 27 James H. Wilkinson, American mathematician (d. 1986)
  • Sep 28 Lenn Hjortzberg, Karlskrona Sweden, director (Persona, Devil's Eye)
  • Oct 3 John Boyd [Boyd Bradfield Upchurch], American sci-fi author (The Last Starship from Earth), born in Atlanta, Georgia (d. 2013)
  • Oct 3 James M. Buchanan, American economist (Nobel Memorial 1986), born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee (d. 2013)
  • Oct 7 George Duby, historian
  • Oct 7 Sir Zelman Cowen, Australian politician
  • Oct 8 Kiichi Miyazawa, 78th Prime Minister of Japan (1991-93), born in Tokyo (d. 2007)
  • Oct 9 Irmgard Seefried, German soprano, born Köngetried, Bavaria (d. 1988)
  • Oct 12 Gilles Beaudoin, Canadian politician (Mayor of Trois-Rivières), born in Trois-Rivières, Canada (d. 2007)
  • Oct 14 Edward L. Feightner, American rear-admiral (WW II-Santa Cruz Islands), born in Lima, Ohio
  • Oct 15 Edwin Charles Tubb, British sci-fi writer (Earth is Heaven, Earthfall), born in London (d. 2010)
  • Oct 15 Malcolm Ross, American balloonist and atmospheric physicist, born in Momence, Illinois (d. 1985)
  • Oct 16 Kathleen Winsor, American writer (d. 2003)
  • Oct 17 Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov, Russian physicist

Person of interestPierre Trudeau

Oct 18 Pierre Trudeau, 15th Canadian Prime Minister (Liberal: 1968-79, 1980-84), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 2000)

Prime Minister of Canada Pierre Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Pierre Trudeau
  • Oct 18 Ric Nordman, Canadian politician (d. 1996)
  • Oct 20 Tracy Hall, American inventor (d. 2008)
  • Oct 21 Claire Sterling, journalist
  • Oct 21 Daniel John Chapman Cunningham, physiologist
  • Oct 22 Doris Lessing, Iranian novelist (Adore, Memoirs of a Survivor, Golden Notebook), born in Kermanshah, Iran (d. 2013)
  • Oct 22 Kathleen Ankers, American scenic designer (d. 2001)
  • Oct 23 Manolis Andronikos, Greek archaeologist who discovered ancient royal Macedonian tombs in northern Greece, born in Bursa, Ottoman Empire (d. 1992)
  • Oct 24 Frank Piasecki, American aeronautical engineer and helicopter aviation pioneer, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 2008)

Person of interestMohammad Reza Pahlavi

Oct 25 Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, last Shah of Iran (Persia) (1941-79), born in Tehran, Persia (d. 1980)

Last Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Last Shah of Iran
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi

Person of interestEdward W. Brooke

Oct 26 Edward W. Brooke, 1st African American senator in over 80 yrs (Sen-R-Mass), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 2015)

US Senator Edward W. Brooke
US Senator
Edward W. Brooke
  • Oct 31 Magnus Wenninger, American mathematician and author of Polyhedron models, born in Park Falls, Wisconsin (d. 2017)
  • Nov 2 Jorge de Sena, Portuguese novelist and poet (Reino da Estupidez), born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1978)
  • Nov 3 Jesús Blasco, Spanish comic book author (Cuto), born in Barcelona (d. 1995)
  • Nov 5 Hasan Askari, Pakistani philosopher, critic and writer, born in Bulandshahr Uttar Pradesh, British India (d. 1978)
  • Nov 6 Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, Portuguese poet and children's author (The Sea Girl), born in Oporto, Portugal (d. 2004)
  • Nov 8 P. L. Deshpande, Indian Marathi writer, born in Mumbai, India (d. 2000)
  • Nov 10 Moise Tshombe, President of Katanga, then premier of the Congo (Zaire), born in Musumba (d. 1969)

Person of interestMikhail Kalashnikov

Nov 10 Mikhail Kalashnikov, Russian general and inventor of the AK-47, born in Kurya, Kuryinsky District, Altai Krai, Russia (d. 2013)

  • Nov 11 Kalle Päätalo, Finnish novelist (Iijoki), born in Taivalkoski, Finland (d. 2000)
  • Nov 15 Joseph Wapner, American judge (People's Court), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2017)
  • Nov 17 Ludwig Freiherr von Hammerstein-Equord, German journalist, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1996)
  • Nov 20 Halka Grossman, Israeli resistance fighter and politician, born in Białystok, Second Polish Republic (d. 1996)
  • Nov 22 Wilfred Norman Aldridge, biochemist/toxicologist
  • Nov 23 Peter Strawson, English philosopher
  • Nov 24 John Silverlight, British journalist (The Observer)
  • Nov 25 Chaim Pearl, Jewish rabbi and scholar, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1995)
  • Nov 26 Frederik Pohl, American sci-fi author (3 Hugo, Gateway, Bipohl), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • Nov 30 Anne S Wadman, Frisian literary (Fioele & faem, Smearlappen)
  • Nov 30 Jan Elburg [Joannes G], Dutch poet (Through the Night)
  • Dec 1 Anne Cox Chambers, US ambassador to Belgium (1977-81), born in Dayton, Ohio

Weddings in History


Divorces in History


Deaths in History