On This Day

April 1920 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 1 The (Anglican) Church in Wales disestablished
  • Apr 4 Arabs attack Jews in Jerusalem
  • Apr 6 To force German evacuation of the Ruhr area, the French occupy Frankfurt, Darmstadt, and Hanau
  • Apr 13 1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed
  • Apr 15 New Canadian small cent coin is released
  • Apr 15 Sacco & Vanzetti Trial: paymaster shot and killed along with his guard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 20 Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • Apr 20 Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama & Mississippi
  • Apr 21 John Galsworthy's "Skin Game" premieres in London

TurkeyEnd of the Ottoman Empire

Apr 23 Turkish Grand National Assembly 1st meets in Ankara, under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution
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The last Ottoman sultan, Mehmed VI, departs his palace in Istanbul after the abolition of the monarchy
The last Ottoman sultan, Mehmed VI, departs his palace in Istanbul after the abolition of the monarchy
  • Apr 24 British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect (lasts 28 years)
  • Apr 24 Polish troops attack Ukraine
  • Apr 26 Harlow Shapley and Heber D. Curtis hold "great debate" on the nature of nebulae, galaxies and size of the universe at US National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 27 Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
  • Apr 28 Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
  • Apr 29 Duke Kahanamoku wins his 2nd gold medal of the day in the winning American 4 x 200m freestyle relay team with Perry McGillivray, Pua Kealoha and Norman Ross in world record 10:04.4
  • Apr 30 The British Government ends military conscription

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 3 John Demjanjuk, Ukrainian-born American auto worker, alleged Nazi and convicted war criminal (under appeal at death), born in Berdychiv uyezd, Kiev Governorate, Ukrainian People's Republic (d. 2012)
  • Apr 4 Éric Rohmer [Maurice Schérer], French director, journalist and teacher (My Night at Maud's, Claire's Knee, Le rayon vert), born in Tulle, Corrèze, France (d. 2010)
  • Apr 5 Arthur Hailey, English novelist (Hotel, Airport), born in Luton, Bedfordshire, England (d. 2004)
  • Apr 5 Barend Biesheuvel, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1971-73), born in Haarlemmerliede, Netherlands (d. 2001)
  • Apr 5 Rafiq Zakaria, Indian politician and Islamic religious cleric, born in Nala Sopara, British India (d. 2005)
  • Apr 6 Bernard Carter, British painter and etcher
  • Apr 7 Terence Armstrong, British polar geographer (d. 1996)
  • Apr 9 David Walker, Professor of Law (Glasgow University)
  • Apr 11 Marlen Haushofer, Austrian writer (The Wall), born in Frauenstein, Austria (d. 1970)
  • Apr 11 Emilio Colombo, Italian Prime Minister (1970-72), born in Potenza, Basilicata (d. 2013)
  • Apr 12 H R Hewitt, CEO (Johnson Matthey)
  • Apr 12 Robert Fizdale, American pianist (Misia), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1995)
  • Apr 13 Liam Cosgrave, Irish politician (Fine Gael Party), born in Castleknock, Dublin (d. 2017)
  • Apr 13 Roberto Calvi, Italian banker and director (Banco Ambrosiano), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1982)
  • Apr 13 Claude Cheysson, French politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), born in Paris (d. 2012)
  • Apr 15 Richard von Weizsacker, German politician and 1st president of reunited Germany (1990-94), born in Stuttgart (d. 2015)
  • Apr 15 Thomas Szasz, Hungarian-American psychiatrist (The Myth of Mental Illness, The Manufacture of Madness), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2012)
  • Apr 16 John William Farr, bank robber (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Apr 16 Kees Scherer, Dutch photographer (World Press Photo), born in Amsterdam (d. 1993)
  • Apr 17 Bengt Anderberg, Swedish poet and writer (Kain), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 2008)
  • Apr 17 Joan Warburton, Scottish painter, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Apr 18 Walter Clegg, British politician (C), born in Bury, Lancashire (d. 1994)
  • Apr 20 John Paul Stevens, American lawyer and 103rd Supreme Court Justice (1975-2010), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2019)
  • Apr 20 Ronald Speirs, American Army officer (CO of Easy Company), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 2007)
  • Apr 22 Jos de Haes, Flemish philological and poet (Misery of the Word), born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1974)
  • Apr 23 Eric Yarrow, British businessman, CEO (Clydesdale Bank), born in Frensham, Surrey
  • Apr 27 Edwin Morgan, Scottish poet (At Eighty), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2010)
  • Apr 27 Mark Krasnosel'skii, Russian-Ukrainian mathematician (nonlinear functional analysis), born in Starokostiantyniv, Ukraine (d. 1997)

Weddings in History


LoveWedding of Interest

Apr 3 Novelist and short story writer F. Scott Fitzgerald (23) weds novelist Zelda Sayre (19) at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York

LoveWedding of Interest

Apr 6 Physicist Erwin Schrödinger (32) weds Annemarie Bertel

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Erwin Schrödinger

LoveWedding of Interest

Apr 21 Future UK Prime Minister Harold Macmillan (26) weds daughter of the 9th Duke of Devonshire Dorothy Evelyn Cavendish (19) at St. Margaret's, Westminster

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan

Deaths in History

  • Apr 7 Karl Binding, German jurist (b. 1841)
  • Apr 10 Moritz B. Cantor, German historian of mathematics, dies at 90
  • Apr 10 Tryggve Andersen, Norwegian writer (Mod Kvaeld), dies at 53
  • Apr 26 Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (number theory), dies of illness at 32
  • Apr 29 William Henry Seward, Jr., Union Brigadier General in the American Civil War (b. 1839)