April 1920 in History

Events in History

  • Apr 1 The (Anglican) Church in Wales disestablished
  • Apr 4 Arabs attack Jews in Jerusalem
  • Apr 6 To force German evacuation of the Ruhr area, the French occupy Frankfurt, Darmstadt, and Hanau
  • Apr 13 1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed
  • Apr 15 New Canadian small cent coin is released

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Apr 20 Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • Apr 20 Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama & Mississippi
  • Apr 21 John Galsworthy's "Skin Game" premieres in London
  • Apr 23 Turkish Grand National Assembly 1st meets in Ankara
  • Apr 23 The national council in Turkey denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution.
  • Apr 24 British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect (lasts 28 years)
  • Apr 24 Polish troops attack Ukraine
  • Apr 26 Harlow Shapley and Heber D. Curtis hold "great debate" on the nature of nebulae, galaxies and size of the universe at US National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.
  • Apr 27 Pogrom leader Petljoera declares Ukraine Independence
  • Apr 28 Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
  • Apr 30 The British Government ends military conscription

Birthdays in History

  • Apr 3 John Demjanjuk, Ukrainian-born American auto worker, alleged Nazi and convicted war criminal (under appeal at death), born in Berdychiv uyezd, Kiev Governorate, Ukrainian People's Republic (d. 2012)
  • Apr 5 Arthur Hailey, English novelist (Hotel, Airport), born in Luton, Bedfordshire, England (d. 2004)
  • Apr 5 Barend Biesheuvel, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1971-73), born in Haarlemmerliede, Netherlands (d. 2001)
  • Apr 5 Rafiq Zakaria, Indian politician and Islamic religious cleric, born in Nala Sopara, British India (d. 2005)
  • Apr 6 Bernard Carter, British painter and etcher
  • Apr 7 Terence Armstrong, British polar geographer (d. 1996)
  • Apr 9 David Walker, Professor of Law (Glasgow University)
  • Apr 11 Marlen Haushofer, Austrian writer (The Wall), born in Frauenstein, Austria (d. 1970)
  • Apr 11 Emilio Colombo, Italian Prime Minister (1970-72), born in Potenza, Basilicata (d. 2013)
  • Apr 12 H R Hewitt, CEO (Johnson Matthey)
  • Apr 13 Liam Cosgrave, leader (Fine Gael Party)
  • Apr 13 Roberto Calvi, Italian banker (d. 1982)
  • Apr 13 Claude Cheysson, French politician
  • Apr 14 John Paul Stevens, Supreme Court Justice
  • Apr 15 Richard von Weizsacker, German politician and 1st president of reunited Germany (1990-94), born in Stuttgart
  • Apr 15 Thomas Szasz, psychiatrist (The Myth of Mental Illness, The Manufacture of Madness), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2012)
  • Apr 16 Dermot O'Callaghan Grubb, prison governor
  • Apr 16 John William Farr, bank robber (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Apr 16 Kees Scherer, Dutch photographer (World Press Photo)
  • Apr 17 Bengt Anderberg, Swedish poet and writer (Kain), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 2008)
  • Apr 17 Joan Warburton, Scottish painter, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Apr 18 Walter Clegg, British politician (C), born in Bury, Lancashire (d. 1994)
  • Apr 20 John Paul Stevens, American lawyer, 103rd Supreme Court Justice (1975-2010), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Apr 20 Ronald Speirs, American Army officer (CO of Easy Company), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 2007)
  • Apr 22 Jos de Haes, Flemish philological/poet (Misery of the Word)
  • Apr 23 Eric Yarrow, British businessman, CEO (Clydesdale Bank), born in Frensham, Surrey
  • Apr 27 Edwin Morgan, Scottish poet
  • Apr 27 Mark Krasnosel'skii, Russian-Ukrainian mathematician (d. 1997)
  • Apr 27 Mark Krasnosel'skii, Russian-Ukrainian mathematician (nonlinear functional analysis), born in Starokostiantyniv, Ukraine (d. 1997)

Weddings in History

  • Apr 3 Novelist and short story writer Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (23) weds novelist Zelda Sayre (19) at New York's St. Patrick's Cathedral

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 3 Author F. Scott Fitzgerald (23) weds novelist Zelda Fitzgerald (19) at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 6 Physicist Erwin Schrödinger (32) weds Annemarie Bertel

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Erwin Schrödinger

HeartWedding of Interest

Apr 21 Future UK Prime Minister Harold Macmillan (26) weds daughter of the 9th Duke of Devonshire Dorothy Evelyn Cavendish (19) at St. Margaret's, Westminster

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan

Deaths in History

  • Apr 7 Karl Binding, German jurist (b. 1841)
  • Apr 10 Moritz B Cantor, German historian of mathematics, dies at 90
  • Apr 10 Tryggve Andersen, Norwegian writer (Mod Kvaeld), dies at 53
  • Apr 15 Jacob van Stolk Azn, art collector, dies at 74
  • Apr 26 Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (number theory), dies of illness at 32
  • Apr 29 William Henry Seward, Jr., Union Brigadier General in the American Civil War (b. 1839)