On This Day

August 1920 in History

Events in History

  • Aug 1 Peace of Riga-Independence of Latvia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 2 Marcus Garvey presents his "Back To Africa" program in NYC

Black Nationalist Marcus Garvey
Black Nationalist
Marcus Garvey
  • Aug 9 Bulgarian & allied Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine goes into effect
  • Aug 10 Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia & Romania
  • Aug 10 Treaty of Sèvres (Allies & Turkey)
  • Aug 10 Turkish government renounces its claim to Israel, recognizes British mandate
  • Aug 11 1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
  • Aug 12 Battle of Warsaw between Poland and Russia begins
  • Aug 13 Flag designed by Marcus Garvey consisting of three horizontal stripes of red, black and green is adopted as the pan-African flag
  • Aug 14 Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Aug 15 Polish troops commanded by Józef Piłsudski defeat the Soviets at the Battle of Warsaw (Miracle upon the Vistula)

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski
  • Aug 18 22 year old representative Harry T. Burn is deciding vote in Tennessee's and thus America's ratification of the 19th Amendment to the constitution allowing women's suffrage after letter from his mother
  • Aug 20 1st US commercial radio station, 8MK (WWJ), Detroit begins daily broadcasting
  • Aug 20 Allen Woodring wins Oympic 200 m dash wearing borrowed shoes
  • Aug 20 Israel publishes its first medical journal "Ha-Refuah"
  • Aug 23 Mary Roberts Rinehart & Avery Roberts play "The Bat" based on Reinhart's novel "The Circular Staircase"premieres on Broadway in New York
  • Aug 24 With British approval, Greece is encouraged to take offensive action against Turkish nationalists in Asia Minor
  • Aug 25 Russia suffers a final decisive defeat in the Battle of Warsaw against Poland
  • Aug 31 Belgium starts paying old age pensions
  • Aug 31 Detroit radio station 8MK (now WWJ, 950AM) is 1st to broadcast a news program on the air

Birthdays in History

  • Aug 1 Henrietta Lacks [Loretta Pleasant], African-American tobacco farmer whose cancer cells are the source of the HeLa cell line, extensively used in medical research since the 1950s (1st immortalised cell line), born in Roanoke, Virginia (d. 1951)
  • Aug 2 Louis Pauwels, French writer and editor, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1997)
  • Aug 3 P. D. James [Phyllis Dorothy], Baroness James of Holland Park, English crime writer (Cover Her Face), born in Oxford, England (d. 2014)
  • Aug 3 Elmar Tampõld, Estonian-Canadian architect, born in Kärdla, Estonia (d. 2013)
  • Aug 4 Helen Thomas, American reporter and UPI journalist (starts press conferences), born in Winchester, Kentucky (d. 2013)
  • Aug 5 Sonny Montgomery, American politician (Rep-D-Mississippi, 1967-97), born in Meridian, Mississippi (d. 2006)
  • Aug 8 Don Cook, foreign Correspondent
  • Aug 9 Enzo Biagi, Italian journalist and writer, born in Lizzano in Belvedere, Italy (d. 2007)
  • Aug 11 Derry Jeffares, Honorary Prof of English Studies (Stirling U)
  • Aug 11 William Masselos, pianist/prof (Juilliard 1976), born in Niagara Falls, New York
  • Aug 11 Mike Douglas, American talk show host (The Mike Douglas Show), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2006)
  • Aug 12 Percy Mayfield, American singer (Please Send Me Someone to Love)
  • Aug 17 Georgia Gibbs, singer (Ballin the Jack, Kiss of Fire), born in Worcester, Massachusetts
  • Aug 19 Lucila Engels-Boskaljon, Curacao-Dutch painter, born in Willemstad, Curaçao
  • Aug 21 Christopher R. Milne, son of Alan A. Milne (Winnie the Pooh), born in Chelsea, London (d. 1996)
  • Aug 22 Anthony Tuke, chairman of Barclays Bank (1973–81) (d. 2001)
  • Aug 22 Denton Cooley, American heart surgeon (1st artificial heart transplant), born in Houston, Texas (d. 2016)
  • Aug 22 Pierre A. Lauffer, Antillian poet (Patria), born in Curacao, Venezuela (d. 1981)
  • Aug 22 Ray Bradbury, American sci-fi author (Fahrenheit 451), born in Waukegan, Illinois (d. 2012)
  • Aug 22 Wolfdietrich Schnurre, German writer, born in Frankfurt (d. 1989)
  • Aug 25 Jef Diederen, Dutch painter, born in Heerlen, Netherlands (d. 2009)
  • Aug 26 Brant Parker, American cartoonist (co-created and drew The Wizard of Oz), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2007)
  • Aug 27 James Molyneaux [Baron Molyneaux of Killead], MP (Ulster unionist), born in Killead, Ireland (d. 2015)
  • Aug 28 Frits Bernard, American clinical psychologist and pedophile activist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 2006)
  • Aug 29 Joseph Lesniewski, American Easy Company, soldier in 101st Airborne, born in Erie, Pennsylvania (d. 2012)
  • Aug 30 Ben Cami, Flemish writer and poet (Rose from Mud), born in Durham, England (d. 2004)

Deaths in History

  • Aug 1 Bal Gangadhar Tilak, early Indian nationalist leader, dies at 64
  • Aug 6 Stefan Bastyr, Polish aviator, first flight in independent Poland (b. 1890)
  • Aug 10 Ádám Politzer, Hungarian-Austrian physician, dies at 84
  • Aug 16 Sir Norman Lockyer, English physicist, co-founder of helium gas, founder and editor of "Nature" magazinem dies at 84
  • Aug 22 Anders Zorn, Swedish painter (Gustavus Vasa), dies at 60
  • Aug 31 Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist, psychologist and philosopher, dies at 88