On This Day

December 1920 in History

Events in History

  • Dec 3 Turkey & Armenia agree to peace treaty
  • Dec 4 1st Pro football playoff game Buffalo-7, Canton-3 at Polo Grounds
  • Dec 5 Pro football playoff game Akron & Buffalo 0-0 tie, title undecided
  • Dec 5 Dimitrios Rallis forms a government in Greece.
  • Dec 7 NSW make 802 against South Australia, then Mailey takes 8-81
  • Dec 7 USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 August Krogh is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the regulation mechanisms of capillaries in skeletal muscle

Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate August Krogh
Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate
August Krogh
  • Dec 12 Maurice Ravels ballet "La Valse" premieres in Paris
  • Dec 13 Francis G. Pease's interferometer at Mount Wilson Observatory is the first to measure the diameter of a star - the Betelgeuse
  • Dec 13 League of Nations establishes the International Court of Justice in The Hague
  • Dec 13 Netherland breaks contact with Kingdom of Serbia, Croatia and Slavia
  • Dec 16 8.5 earthquake rocks the Gansu province in China, killing an estimated 200,000
  • Dec 17 British Empire receives League of Nations mandate over Nauru
  • Dec 17 Japan receives League of Nations mandate over Pacific islands
  • Dec 17 South Africa receives League of Nations mandate over SW Africa
  • Dec 18 1st US postage stamps printed without the words United States or US
  • Dec 19 King Constantine I is restored as King of the Hellenes after the death of his son Alexander I of Greece and a plebiscite.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Dec 20 Bob Hope becomes an American citizen

Entertainer Bob Hope
Entertainer
Bob Hope
  • Dec 23 Government of Ireland Act / Home Rule Act passed partitioning Ireland
  • Dec 24 Enrico Caruso gives his last public performance (NYC)
  • Dec 29 The Netherlands and Venezuela recover diplomatic relations
  • Dec 29 Yugoslav government bans communist party

Birthdays in History

  • Dec 4 Jeanne Manford, American gay rights activist, born in Flushing, New York (d. 2013)
  • Dec 4 Nadir Afonso, Portuguese geometric abstractionist painter, born in Chaves, Portugal (d. 2013)
  • Dec 4 Ray Robinson, American magazine editor and biographer (Lou Gehrig), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • Dec 6 George Porter, British chemist (Nobel 1967), born in Stainforth, South Yorkshire, England (d. 2002)
  • Dec 7 Tatamkhulu Afrika, South African poet and writer, born in As Sallum, Egypt (d. 2002)
  • Dec 8 Ronald Gulliford, English educationalist (Dean of the Faculty of Education, Birmingham University 1979-81), born in Manchester (d. 1997)
  • Dec 9 Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, Italian President (1999-2006) and Prime Minister (1993-94), born in Livorno (d. 2016)
  • Dec 10 Clarice Lispector, Ukrainian-Brazilian writer (Laços de Família), born in Chechelnyk, Ukrainian People's Republic (d. 1977)
  • Dec 10 Stanko Todorov, Bulgarian communist politician, Prime Minister of Bulgaria (1971-81), born in Klenovik (d. 1996)
  • Dec 12 Fred Kida, Japanese-American comics artist, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2014)
  • Dec 13 Kaysone Phomvihane, President of Laos (Pathet Lao) (1991-92), born in Na Seng village, Khanthabouli district (d. 1992)
  • Dec 13 George P. Shultz, American economist, businessman and 60th Secretary of State (1982-89), born in NYC, New York
  • Dec 14 Albertus Louis Meintser, Dutch office clerk and resistance fighter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1944)
  • Dec 15 Kurt Schaffenberger, American comics artist (Superman's Girl Friend, Lois Lane), born in Thuringian Forest, Germany (d. 2002)
  • Dec 17 Kenneth E. Iverson, Canadian computer scientist (d. 2004)
  • Dec 21 Bob Bindig, American cartoonist (d. 2006)
  • Dec 24 Stormé DeLarverie, American gay rights leader (Stonewall protests), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 2014) date disputed
  • Dec 24 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine, born in Berdyansk, Ukraine (d. 1944)
  • Dec 25 Henry Charnock, oceanographer
  • Dec 28 Bruce McCarty, South Bend, Indiana, architect (1982 World Fair), (d. 2013)
  • Dec 29 Syd Dernley, British hangman (1949-54), born in Mansfield Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire (d. 1994)
  • Dec 30 Aad de Haas, Dutch religious painter, graphic artist and cartoonist, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1972)
  • Dec 30 Michael Allinson, London England (George Washington)

Deaths in History

  • Dec 10 Horace Elgin Dodge, American automobile manufacturing pioneer (co-founder of Dodge Brothers Company), dies at 52
  • Dec 12 Olive Schreiner, South Afr writer (Healing Imagination), dies at 75
  • Dec 16 Ma Yuanzhang, Chinese Muslim rebel and Sufi master, crushed to death during the 1920 Haiyuan earthquake at an unknown age
  • Dec 31 Albert Roelofs, Dutch painter/etcher, dies at 43