On This Day

February 1920 in History

Events in History

  • Feb 1 1st commercial armored car introduced (St Paul, Minn)
  • Feb 1 Royal Canadian Mounted Police forms as Royal Northwest Mounted Police merge with Dominion Police
  • Feb 2 Estonia declares its Independence from Russia (Dorpat Peace)
  • Feb 2 France occupies (German) Memel territory
  • Feb 2 Tarto/Dorpat peace treaty: USSR recognizes Estonian independence
  • Feb 4 1st flight from London to South Africa departs (takes 1½ months)
  • Feb 6 Saarland administrated by League of Nations
  • Feb 7 Admiral Kolchak surrenders to Bolshevik troops and is executed
  • Feb 8 Swiss men vote against women's suffrage
  • Feb 8 Bolshevik troops capture Odessa, bringing an end to foreign involvement in the resistance against Bolshevik rule
  • Feb 9 International treaty recognizes Norwegian sovereignty over Svalbard
  • Feb 10 Jozef Haller de Hallenburg performs symbolic wedding of Poland to the sea, celebrating restitution of Polish access to open sea
  • Feb 12 -Apr 26] 14,000 Rotterdam/Amsterdam harbor workers strike
  • Feb 12 NL votes 6-2 for 1 commissioner AL votes 6-2 to keep group commission
  • Feb 13 League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland, allowing Switzerland to rejoin the League
  • Feb 14 League of Women Voters forms in Chicago
  • Feb 19 Netherlands joins League of Nations
  • Feb 22 1st artificial rabbit used at a dog race track (Emeryville, California)
  • Feb 24 NSDAP begins at Hofbrauhaus Munich
  • Feb 24 Peace treaty gives Estonia independence
  • Feb 29 Trying to maintain independence from Germany and the USSR, Czechoslovakia adopts a constitution

Birthdays in History

  • Feb 1 Kenneth Bond, former vice-chairman
  • Feb 1 Zao Wou-Ki, Chinese French painter (Juin-Octobre 1985), born in Beijing, China (d. 2013)
  • Feb 3 Henry Heimlich, Surgeon and inventor of the Heimlich maneuver, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 2016)
  • Feb 3 George A. Miller, cognitive psychologist (the magical number seven), born in Charleston, West Virginia (d. 2012)
  • Feb 4 Derek Worlock, English Roman Catholic Archbishop Liverpool, born in London (d. 1996)
  • Feb 6 James H. Scheuer, American politician (Rep-D-NY, 1965-73, 75- 93), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2005)
  • Feb 7 An Wang, Chinese-American computer engineer (Wang Labs, Wang Computers), born in Shanghai, China (d. 1990)
  • Feb 10 Alexander Comfort, English poet/writer (Wreath for the Living)
  • Feb 10 J Heslop-Harrison, botanist
  • Feb 11 Daniel F[rancis] Galouye, American sci-fi author (Dark Universe, Last Leap)
  • Feb 11 Farouk I, Cairo, last King of Egypt (1936-52)
  • Feb 11 Paul Peter Piech, artist
  • Feb 12 William Roscoe Estep, Baptist historian and professor (d. 2000)
  • Feb 15 Piet van Aken, Flemish writer (Klinkaart, Het begeren), born in Terhagen, Flanders, Belgium (d. 1984
  • Feb 15 Richard O'Brien, CEO (Manpower Services Commission)
  • Feb 15 Endicott Peabody, 62nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1997)
  • Feb 16 Hubert van Herreweghen, Flemish writer/journalist
  • Feb 16 Anna Mae Hays [McCabe], American military officer and US military's 1st female General, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 2018)
  • Feb 17 Trevor Oswald Ling, religious studies professor
  • Feb 19 Frances K Bairstow, educator/labor relations consultant
  • Feb 19 C. Z. Guest, American socialite (d. 2003)
  • Feb 19 Jaan Kross, Estonian writer (d. 2007)
  • Feb 20 Evgeny Dragunov, Russian weapons designer (d. 1991)
  • Feb 23 David Wright, South African-British poet (Deafness: A Personal Account), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1994)
  • Feb 23 John St Aubyn, 4th Baron St Levan, English peer (St Michael's Mount), born in London (d. 2013)
  • Feb 23 Paul Gérin-Lajoie, French Canadian politician
  • Feb 24 Frank Rogers, CEO (NPA Telegraph)
  • Feb 25 Sun Myung Moon, South Korean evangelist (Unification Church), born in Chongju, Japanese Korea (d. 2012)
  • Feb 25 Antony Duff, British diplomat, Head of MI5, advocate for the homeless (d. 2000)
  • Feb 25 Gérard Bessette, Canadian author (d. 2005)
  • Feb 26 Lucjan Wolanowski, Polish journalist, writer and traveller (d. 2006)
  • Feb 26 Azzedine Alaïa, Tunisian-born fashion designer, born in Tunis, Tunisia
  • Feb 28 Jim Olin, American politician (Rep-D-VA, 1983-93), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2006)
  • Feb 28 Marjorie Sweeting, English geomorphologist (d. 1994)
  • Feb 29 Louise Wood, director of Girl Scouts of USA (1961-72)

Deaths in History

  • Feb 7 Alexander Koltsjak, adm/leader Russian counter-revolutionary, executed
  • Feb 7 Aleksandr Vasilevich Kolchak, Russian military commander, dies at 45
  • Feb 8 Richard Dehmel, German poet and writer, dies at 56
  • Feb 12 Jean Allemane, French socialist/communard (allemanisten), dies at 77
  • Feb 12 Ottalee Baker, Frank "Home Run" Baker's wife, dies at 31

Person of interestRobert Peary

Feb 20 Robert Peary, American arctic explorer who claimed to have 1st reached geographic North Pole (Apr 6 1909), dies at 63

Arctic Explorer Robert Peary
Arctic Explorer
Robert Peary
  • Feb 21 Jacinta Marto, witness of the Blessed Virgin Mary at Fatima (b. 1910)
  • Feb 25 Prince Louis of Liechtenstein, Liechtenstein nobleman and politician, dies at 73
  • Feb 26 Ludwig Rubiner, German poet and essayist, dies at 38
  • Feb 27 Alexandru D Xenopol, Romanian historian, dies at 72