January 1920 in History

Events in History

  • Jan 1 The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • Jan 2 Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists
  • Jan 3 Arthur Honegger's "Chant de Nigamon," premieres
  • Jan 7 Five duly elected Socialist assemblymen are denied by the New York State Assembly
  • Jan 10 Silver reaches record $1.37 an ounce
  • Jan 10 Inauguration of the League of Nations held in Paris
  • Jan 11 French passenger ship Afrique sinks near La Rochelle; 553 die
  • Jan 13 NY Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
  • Jan 16 1st assembly of the League of Nations is held in Paris
  • Jan 16 Georgia declares independence
  • Jan 16 Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Incorporated is founded at Howard University
  • Jan 17 Paul Deschanel elected President of France
  • Jan 17 First day Prohibition comes into effect in the US as a result of the 18th amendment
  • Jan 19 Alexandre Millerand forms French government
  • Jan 20 Dutch 2nd Chamber passes school laws
  • Jan 20 The American Civil Liberties Union is founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Jan 23 Dutch refuse to turn over ex-Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany to allies

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Jan 26 Amedeo Modigliani's fiancé Jeanne Hébuterne jumps out of a window a day after the artist's funeral killing herself and her unborn child
  • Jan 26 Former Ford Motor Co. executive Henry Leland launches the Lincoln Motor Company which he later sold to his former employer
  • Jan 31 1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in US (NYC) begins publication
  • Jan 31 Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity incorporates at Howard University

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Roger Peacock, English writer (Thursday is Missing), born in Liverpool (d. 1996)
  • Jan 2 Duke of Devonshire, English large landowner/art collector

Person of interestIsaac Asimov

Jan 2 Isaac Asimov, Russian scientist and sci-fi writer (I Robot, Foundation Trilogy), born in Petrovichi, Russia (d. 1992)

Author, Biochemistry Professor Isaac Asimov
Author, Biochemistry Professor
Isaac Asimov
  • Jan 2 Penelope Jessel, politcal activist
  • Jan 2 Peter Harrison Swan, bomber pilot/stockbroker
  • Jan 4 William Egan Colby, CIA director (Nixon)
  • Jan 6 Doris Stokes, British psychic medium (d. 1987)
  • Jan 6 John Maynard Smith, English biologist (d. 2004)
  • Jan 7 Albert Meltzer, anarchist
  • Jan 7 Lionel Alexander Bethune [Alastair] Pilkington, British engineer/Industrialist (float glass), born in Calcutta, India (d. 1995)
  • Jan 8 Hendrikus J Wittebold, civil servant/resistance fighter
  • Jan 9 Chan Canasta, Polish-British magician (d. 1999)
  • Jan 9 Hakim Mohammed Said, Pakistani scholar
  • Jan 11 John Powell, campaigner
  • Jan 12 James Farmer, Marshall, Tex, civil rights leader
  • Jan 12 Prof Jerzy Zubrzycki, Polish-born Australian sociologist
  • Jan 15 John J "Cardinal" O'Connor, Roman Catholic Archbishop of NY, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • Jan 15 John Junor, British editor in chief (Sunday Express)
  • Jan 19 Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Peruvian diplomat, 5th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1982-91) and Prime Minister of Peru (2000-01), born in Lima
  • Jan 20 Peter Clemoes, anglo-Saxon scholar
  • Jan 20 Richard John Copeland Atkinson, archaeologist
  • Jan 20 Sam M Gibbons, (Rep-D-FL, 1963- )
  • Jan 21 Donald Cuthbert Coleman, British economic historian (d. 1995)
  • Jan 21 Errol Walton Barrow, PM of Barbados (DLP) (1966-76, 1986-87)
  • Jan 22 Piet Van Lishout, Flemish writer (Eva & I)
  • Jan 23 Erbet Pawel, biographer (Kafka)
  • Jan 26 John Logan Gorlay, journalist
  • Jan 28 James Whyte, Moderator (General Assembly of Church of Scotland)
  • Jan 29 Alec Coppen, psychiatrist
  • Jan 29 José Luis de Villalonga, Spanish aristocrat (d. 2007)
  • Jan 30 Patrick Heron, British abstract painter, born in Leeds, South Yorkshire (d. 1999)
  • Jan 30 Carwood Lipton, American WWII veteran (d. 2001)
  • Jan 31 Robert Hersant, press baron
  • Jan 31 Stewart L Udall, St Johns Ariz, US Secretary of Interior (1961-69)

Deaths in History

  • Jan 1 Paul Adam, French writer (L'enfant d'Austerlitz), dies at 57
  • Jan 3 Zygmunt Janiszewski, Polish mathematician, dies at 31
  • Jan 4 Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (Episodios Nacionales), dies at 76
  • Jan 7 Edmund Barton, 1st Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1849)
  • Jan 14 John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (Co-Founder of Dodge Brothers Company), dies at 5
  • Jan 25 Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (Reclining Nude), dies at 35
  • Jan 26 Matthias Enzberger, German minister of finance, murdered