On This Day

March 1920 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Admiral Horthy
  • Mar 1 Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
  • Mar 1 Nikolaus Horthy is elected Regent of Hungary, which had adopted a constitution on 28 February
  • Mar 2 Karel Čapek "Loupeznik" premieres in Prague
  • Mar 4 Last day of Julian civil calendar in Greece
  • Mar 8 Denmark & Cuba join the League of Nations
  • Mar 10 Home Rule Act passed by the British Parliament, dividing Ireland into two parts; it is rejected by the southern counties, where the Ango-Irish war continues for a year
  • Mar 11 Syria proclaims Emir Feisal king after the country has fought off French domination
  • Mar 13 After the German government is forced to cut its army to 10,000 men, military groups plot an unsuccessful coup - a revolt ended by a general strike
  • Mar 16 1 Acre Park also known as Baby Park in the Bronx renamed Melrose Park

Signing of the Treaty of Versailles

Mar 19 US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)

  • Mar 20 1st flight from London to South Africa lands (took 1½ months)
  • Mar 20 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
  • Mar 23 Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms
  • Mar 24 1st US coast guard air station established (Morehead City, NC)
  • Mar 25 Greek Independence Day
  • Mar 27 Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)

Election of Interest

Mar 28 Tomáš Masaryk elected President of Czechoslovakia

  • Mar 28 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states
  • Mar 28 Anton Denkin's White Russian troops defeated by Bolsheviks and Soviets at Novorossijsk on the Black Sea (The British aid Denkin in his escape)
  • Mar 31 British parliament accepts Irish Home Rule law

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 1 Howard Nemerov, American poet, two-time US Poet Laureate and novelist (Blue Swallows), born in NYC, New York (d. 1991)
  • Mar 4 Jean Lecanuet, French politician (d. 1993)
  • Mar 5 Delbert L. Latta, American politician (Rep-R-OH, 1959-89), born in Weston, Ohio (d. 2016)
  • Mar 5 Leontine Tg Kelly, 1st African American female bishop (Methodist)
  • Mar 5 José Aboulker, Jewish Communist
  • Mar 10 Alfred Peet, Dutch-American entrepreneur and the founder of Peet's Coffee & Tea (d. 2007)
  • Mar 11 D J Enright, England, poet/novelist (Some Men are Brothers)
  • Mar 11 Henry Marking, CEO (British Airways)
  • Mar 11 Kenneth Dover, chancellor (St Andrews University)
  • Mar 13 Frans van der Elst, Belgian attorney and MP (Volksunie), born in Neder-Over-Heembeek, Belgium (d. 1997)
  • Mar 13 Ralph J Roberts, American businessman and founder of Comcast, born in NYC, New York (d. 2015)
  • Mar 14 Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist (Dennis the Menace), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2001)
  • Mar 15 Lawrence Sanders, American novelist (d. 1998)
  • Mar 15 E. Donnall Thomas, American physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Mar 15 Sid Hartman, American sports journalist (Minneapolis Star Tribune; WCCO 830 AM), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota (d. 2020)
  • Mar 16 Traudl Junge, German secretary to Adolf Hitler, born in Munich (d. 2002)
  • Mar 16 Dorothea Binz, Nazi war criminal (d. 1947)
  • Mar 16 Sid Fleischman, American author, and screenplay writer (The Whipping Boy; Blood Alley: The Abracadabra Kid), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2010)
  • Mar 17 Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Bangladeshi politician (founding father of Bangladesh, Prime Minister and President of Bangladesh), born in Tungipara, British India (d. 1975)
  • Mar 18 Eric Halsall, sheepdog trial commentator
  • Mar 19 Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian author (d. 2002)
  • Mar 20 Douglas G Chapman, biomathematical statistician
  • Mar 21 Georg Ots, Estonian singer (d. 1975)
  • Mar 26 George Brown Jr, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1963-71, 73-99), born in Holtsville, California (d. 1999)
  • Mar 27 Robin Jacques, English illustrator, born in Chelsea (d. 1995)
  • Mar 28 Eugene A. Chappie, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in Sacramento, California (d. 1992)
  • Mar 28 Lord Butterfield [John Butterfield], British medical researcher, clinician and administrator, born in Stechford, Birmingham (d. 2000)
  • Mar 29 John M. Belk, American head of Belk, Inc., born in Charlotte, North Carolina (d. 2007)
  • Mar 31 Marga Minco [Sara Menco], Dutch journalist and writer (Bitter Herb), born in Ginneken, Netherlands
  • Mar 31 Deborah "Debs" Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire and the Chatsworth estate, one of the Mitford sisters, born in Gloucestershire (d. 2014)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 1 Joseph Trumpeldor, Zionist activist, killed defending Tel-Mai against arab attack
  • Mar 1 John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator from Alabama, dies at 77
  • Mar 3 Theodor Philipsen, Danish painter, dies at 79
  • Mar 8 Rafael Obligado, Argentine writer (Santos Vega), dies at 69
  • Mar 8 Wilhelm Bousset, German theologist and historian, dies at 54
  • Mar 11 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (b. 1865)
  • Mar 20 Venustiano Carranza, president Mexico (1915-20), murdered at 60
  • Mar 21 Federigo Tozzi, Italian writer/journalist (Torre, Tre Croci), dies at 37
  • Mar 26 William Chester Minor, American surgeon and contributor to the Oxford English Dictionary (b. 1834)
  • Mar 27 Johan G Danser, Dutch poet (Meetings), dies at 26