March 1920 in History

Events in History

  • Mar 1 Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Admiral Horthy
  • Mar 1 Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
  • Mar 1 Nikolaus Horthy is elected Regent of Hungary, which had adopted a constitution on 28 February
  • Mar 2 Karel Capék's "Loupeznik" premieres in Prague
  • Mar 4 Last day of Julian civil calendar in Greece
  • Mar 8 Denmark & Cuba join the League of Nations
  • Mar 10 Home Rule Act passed by the British Parliament, dividing Ireland into two parts; it is rejected by the southern counties, where the Ango-Irish war continues for a year
  • Mar 11 Syria proclaims Emir Feisal king after the country has fought off French domination
  • Mar 13 After the German government is forced to cut its army to 10,000 men, military groups plot an unsuccessful coup - a revolt ended by a general strike
  • Mar 16 1 Acre Park also known as Baby Park in the Bronx renamed Melrose Park
  • Mar 18 Greece adopts the Gregorian calendar
  • Mar 19 US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)
  • Mar 20 1st flight from London to South Africa lands (took 1½ months)
  • Mar 20 US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
  • Mar 20 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
  • Mar 23 Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms
  • Mar 24 1st US coast guard air station established (Morehead City, NC)
  • Mar 25 Greek Independence Day
  • Mar 27 Hermann Muller becomes German chancellor (SPD)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Mar 28 Tomáš Masaryk elected President of Czechoslovakia

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • Mar 28 Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states
  • Mar 28 Anton Denkin's White Russian troops defeated by Bolsheviks and Soviets at Novorossijsk on the Black Sea (The British aid Denkin in his escape)
  • Mar 31 British parliament accepts Irish Home Rule law

Birthdays in History

  • Mar 1 Howard Nemerov, American 3rd US poet laureate/novelist (Blue Swallows)
  • Mar 4 Marcella Grady Jennings, rancher
  • Mar 4 Jean Lecanuet, French politician (d. 1993)
  • Mar 5 Delbert L. Latta, American politician (Rep-R-OH, 1959-89 ), born in Weston, Ohio (d. 2016)
  • Mar 5 Leontine Tg Kelly, 1st African American female bishop (Methodist)
  • Mar 5 José Aboulker, Jewish Communist
  • Mar 10 Alfred Peet, Dutch-American entrepreneur and the founder of Peet's Coffee & Tea (d. 2007)
  • Mar 11 D J Enright, England, poet/novelist (Some Men are Brothers)
  • Mar 11 Henry Marking, CEO (British Airways)
  • Mar 11 Kenneth Dover, chancellor (St Andrews University)
  • Mar 13 Frans van der Elst, Belgian attorney and MP (Volksunie), born in Neder-Over-Heembeek, Belgium (d. 1997)
  • Mar 13 Ralph J Roberts, American businessman and founder of Comcast, born in NYC, New York (d. 2015)
  • Mar 14 Hank Ketcham, cartoonist (Dennis the Menace)
  • Mar 15 Lawrence Sanders, American novelist (d. 1998)
  • Mar 15 E. Donnall Thomas, American physician, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
  • Mar 16 Traudl Junge, German secretary to Adolf Hitler, born in Munich (d. 2002)
  • Mar 16 Dorothea Binz, Nazi war criminal (d. 1947)
  • Mar 16 Sid Fleischman, American author
  • Mar 18 Eric Halsall, sheepdog trial commentator
  • Mar 19 Kjell Aukrust, Norwegian author (d. 2002)
  • Mar 20 Douglas G Chapman, biomathematical statistician
  • Mar 26 George E Brown Jr, (Rep-D-CA, 1963-71, 73- )
  • Mar 27 Robin Jacques, English illustrator, born in Chelsea (d. 1995)
  • Mar 28 Eugene A. Chappie, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from California, born in Sacramento, California (d. 1992)
  • Mar 28 Lord Butterfield [John Butterfield], British medical researcher, clinician and administrator, born in Stechford, Birmingham (d. 2000)
  • Mar 29 John M. Belk, American head of Belk, Inc., born in Charlotte, North Carolina (d. 2007)
  • Mar 31 Marga [Sara Voeten-] Minco, Dutch writer (Bitter Herb)
  • Mar 31 Deborah "Debs" Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire and the Chatsworth estate, one of the Mitford sisters, born in Gloucestershire (d. 2014)

Deaths in History

  • Mar 1 Joseph Trumpeldor, killed defending Tel-Mai against arab attack
  • Mar 1 John H. Bankhead, U.S. Senator from Alabama, dies at 77
  • Mar 3 Theodor Philipsen, Danish painter (b. 1840)
  • Mar 8 Rafael Obligado, Argentine writer (Santos Vega), dies at 69
  • Mar 8 Wilhelm Bousset, German theologist and historian, dies at 54
  • Mar 11 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (b. 1865)
  • Mar 20 Venustiano Carranza, president Mexico (1915-20), murdered at 60
  • Mar 21 Federigo Tozzi, Italian writer/journalist (Torre, Tre Croci), dies at 37
  • Mar 26 William Chester Minor, American surgeon and contributor to the Oxford English Dictionary (b. 1834)
  • Mar 27 Johan G Danser, Dutch poet (Meetings), dies at 26