On This Day

May 1920 in History

Events in History

  • May 1 Belgium-Luxembourg toll tunnel opens
  • May 5 German-Latvian peace treaty signed
  • May 5 Polish troops occupy Kiev

Event of interestEvent of Interest

May 5 US President Woodrow Wilson makes Communist Labor Party illegal

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • May 5 Italian migrant anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti charged with murder of a paymaster at a US shoe factory in Massachusetts, both are later executed
  • May 7 USSR recognizes Georgia's independence

BeatificationCanonization

May 16 Joan of Arc (Jeanne D'arc) canonized a saint

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • May 16 Spanish bullfighter Joselito is fatally gored fighting his last bull
  • May 17 1st De Havilland double-decker flight (London) lands in Schiphol
  • May 17 1st flight by Dutch airlines KLM (Koninklijke-Luchtvaart-Maatschappij)
  • May 20 Mexican President Venustiano Carranza, under attack by American petroleum companies, faces an armed rebellion by right-wing Sonoro triumvirate after nationalizing subsoil rights
  • May 21 Mexican President Venustiano Carranza is executed by army generals after fleeing an armed rebellion in Mexico
  • May 23 Pope Benedictus XV publishes encyclical Pacem Dei
  • May 27 Tatar ASSR forms in Russian SFSR

Birthdays in History

  • May 2 Otto Buchsbaum, Austrian writer and ecological activist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2000)
  • May 5 Hidalgo Moya, American architect and designer (Skylon), born in Los Gatos, California (d. 1994)
  • May 8 Maurice Cranston, English philosopher and political scientist (John Locke biographies), born in Harringay, England (d. 1993)
  • May 8 Sloan Wilson, novelist (Man in the Gray Flannal, born in Norwalk, Connecticut
  • May 8 Tom of Finland [Touko Laaksonen], Finnish fetish artist, born in Helsinki (d. 1991)
  • May 9 Richard Adams, English author (Watership Down), born in Newbury (d. 2016)
  • May 9 William Tenn, American author
  • May 10 Basil Kelly, Lord Justice of Appeals (Northern Ireland)
  • May 13 Ratu Kasmisere Mara, Prime Minister of Fiji (1960-70, 70- )/pres (1994- )
  • May 15 Hugh Henry Home Popham, aviator/writer/poet
  • May 17 Harriet Van Horne, columnist/panelist (Leave it to Girls), born in Syracuse, New York

Person of interestJohn Paul II

May 18 Pope Saint John Paul II [Karol Wojtyla], 264th Roman Catholic Pope (1978-2005), born in Wadowice, Poland (d. 2005)

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • May 19 Tina Strobos, Netherlands, physician and resistor to Nazi occupation, (d. 2012)
  • May 20 John Cruickshank, banker
  • May 20 William Simpson, British trade union leader
  • May 22 Hugh Armstrong Clegg, English industrial relations academic, born in Truro, England (d. 1995)
  • May 22 Thomas Gold, Austrian astrophysicist (proposed steady-state theory of universe), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2004)
  • May 27 Michael Webster, CEO (DRG)
  • May 27 William Crawshay, Lord-Lt of Gwent
  • May 29 Robin Haydon, British diplomat, born in Wandsworth, England (d. 1999)

Deaths in History

  • May 10 John Wesley Hyatt, American inventor who simplified the production of celluloid, dies at 82
  • May 11 William Dean Howells, American author (A Woman's Reason), dies at 83
  • May 16 Levi P. Morton, United States Vice President under Benjamin Harrision (b. 1824)
  • May 21 Venustiano Carranza, Mexican President (1917-1920), executed by army generals after his decision that the next President be a civilian (61)
  • May 23 Svetozar Boroević, Austro-Hungarian field marshal, dies at 63