On This Day

October 1920 in History

Events in History

  • Oct 1 Dutch law provides for an 8 hour working day
  • Oct 1 Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.
  • Oct 2 The Chinese sign an agreement with the Russo-Asiatic Bank, largely French and Russian controlled, which will oversee the Chinese Eastern Railway, but give local supervision to China
  • Oct 10 Italy annexes South Tirol (Alto Adige)
  • Oct 12 Construction begins on Holland Tunnel connecting NJ & NYC
  • Oct 12 Man O'War's last race & win
  • Oct 14 Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
  • Oct 20 "1st Year" with Frank Craven premieres in NYC
  • Oct 23 African demonstrators shot in Port Elizabeth, South Africa
  • Oct 27 League of Nations moves headquarters in Geneva
  • Oct 27 Westinghouse radio station in East Pittsburgh, KDKA is granted a Limited Commercial license by the Department of Commerce
  • Oct 30 The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.
  • Oct 31 Romania annexes Bessarabia

Birthdays in History

  • Oct 2 William Cramond, Scottish psychiatrist and vice-chancellor (Stirling University), born in Aberdeen, Scotland (d. 2004)
  • Oct 5 Robert Feenstra, Dutch law historian
  • Oct 6 Pietro Consagra, Italian sculptor (d. 2005)
  • Oct 6 Lord Donaldson of Lymington, British judge (d. 2005)
  • Oct 7 Georg Leber, German politician (SPD), (d. 2012)
  • Oct 8 Frank [Patrick] Herbert, American sci-fi author (Dune), born in Tacoma, Washington (d. 1986)
  • Oct 9 Jens Bjørneboe, Norwegian poet and writer (Dikt, Jonas), born in Kristiansand, Norway (d. 1976)

Person of interestMario Puzo

Oct 15 Mario Puzo, American novelist (The Godfather, Cotton Club, Earthquake), born in NYC, New York (d. 1999)

Novelist Mario Puzo
Novelist
Mario Puzo
  • Oct 17 Miguel Delibes, Spanish writer
  • Oct 19 Pandurang Shastri Athavale, Indian philosopher (d. 2003)
  • Oct 22 Timothy Leary, Harvard prof (LSD taker)
  • Oct 23 Ted Fujita, Japanese meteorologist (d. 1998)
  • Oct 24 Marcel-Paul Schützenberger, French mathematician, born in Paris (d. 1996)
  • Oct 24 Julius Youngner, American scientist, helped develop Salk polio vaccine, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 2017)
  • Oct 26 T. C. Jones, American female impersonator, born in Scranton, Pennsylvania (d. 1971)
  • Oct 27 K. R. Narayanan, 10th President of India (1997-2002), born in Uzhavoor, Kerala (d. 2005)
  • Oct 29 Baruj Benacerraf, Venezuelan-American immunologist (Nobel 1980 - discovery of genes that regulate immune responses and of the role that some of these genes play in autoimmune diseases), born in Caracas, Venezuela (d. 2011)
  • Oct 29 Didymos I, Catholicos of the East and Malankara Metropolitan (2005-10), born in Mavelikkara, India (d. 2014)
  • Oct 30 Christy Ring, Irish hurler (Cork 65 games, scoring tally [33-208], 8 x All-Ireland medals), born in Cloyne, Ireland (d. 1979)
  • Oct 31 Dedan Kimathi, Kenyan freedom fighter, born in Nyeri District, Central Province, Kenya (d. 1957)
  • Oct 31 Helmut Newton, German photographer, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2004)

Deaths in History

  • Oct 2 Winthrop M. Crane, American politician, 40th Governor of Massachusetts, dies at 67
  • Oct 13 Isaac Capadose, clergyman in the Catholic Apostolic Church, dies at 86
  • Oct 15 Hendrik Peter Staal, Dutch reformed officer and politician, dies at 75
  • Oct 25 Alexander, King of Greece (1917-20), dies after ape bite at 27
  • Oct 31 Alphonse Desjardins, Canadian founder of the Caisses populaires Desjardins, dies at 65