On This Day

1920 in History (Part 2)

Events in History

Events 101 - 200 of 213

  • Jun 12 Farmer Labor Party organized (Chicago)

USANo Babies Please!

Jun 13 US Post Office says children cannot be sent by parcel post (after various instances)

Learn More
Children
Children "mailed" by their parents because it was cheaper to mail them - if a child came in under the 50 pound parcel weight limit, than other ways to travel
Learn More
  • Jun 15 African American circus workers, Elias Clayton, Elmer Jackson and Isaac McGhie are taken from jail and lynched by a white mob of thousands in Duluth, Minnesota
  • Jun 17 Dutch 2nd Chamber accept Anti-revolution law
  • Jun 24 Chuvash Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR
  • Jun 25 League of Nations places Internationall Court of Justice in Hague
  • Jul 1 Sir Herbert Samuel takes over as high commissioner over Palestine, where Arab resistance to the British mandate continues
  • Jul 3 Java Technical School, Bandung, opens
  • Jul 3 Royal Air Force holds an air display at Hendon, England
  • Jul 4 The provisional government of Siberia's Maritime Province agrees to hand over parts of the strategic oil- and coal-rich Sakhalin Islands to Japan
  • Jul 11 East and West Prussia vote in a plebiscite to become part of Germany, though a slice of West Prussia will be handed to Poland to provide a 'Polish Corridor'
  • Jul 12 Lithuania and USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent republic
  • Jul 15 Ruth ties his record of 29 HRs in a season
  • Jul 16 Gen Amos Fries appointed 1st US army chemical warfare chief
  • Jul 21 Irish Nationalist and Loyalists engage in street fighting over the issue of Irish independence from Britain, though Loyalist are reinforced by 1500 British Auxiliaries and 5800 British troops
  • Jul 23 British East Africa renamed Kenya and becomes a British crown colony

  • Jul 27 Radio compass used for 1st time for aircraft navigation
  • Jul 29 1st transcontinental airmail flight from New York to San Francisco
  • Jul 29 Mexican rebel Pancho Villa surrenders
  • Jul 29 Construction of the Link River Dam begins as part of the Klamath Reclamation Project, Oregon
  • Aug 1 Peace of Riga-Independence of Latvia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Aug 2 Marcus Garvey presents his "Back To Africa" program in NYC

Black Nationalist Marcus Garvey
Black Nationalist
Marcus Garvey
  • Aug 9 Bulgarian & allied Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine goes into effect
  • Aug 10 Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia & Romania
  • Aug 10 Treaty of Sèvres (Allies & Turkey)
  • Aug 10 Turkish government renounces its claim to Israel, recognizes British mandate
  • Aug 11 1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
  • Aug 12 Battle of Warsaw between Poland and Russia begins
  • Aug 13 Flag designed by Marcus Garvey consisting of three horizontal stripes of red, black and green is adopted as the pan-African flag
  • Aug 14 Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

Aug 15 Polish troops commanded by Józef Piłsudski defeat the Soviets at the Battle of Warsaw (Miracle upon the Vistula)

Statesman and First Marshall Józef Piłsudski
Statesman and First Marshall
Józef Piłsudski
  • Aug 18 22 year old representative Harry T. Burn is deciding vote in Tennessee's and thus America's ratification of the 19th Amendment to the constitution allowing women's suffrage after letter from his mother
  • Aug 20 1st US commercial radio station, 8MK (WWJ), Detroit begins daily broadcasting
  • Aug 20 Allen Woodring wins Oympic 200 m dash wearing borrowed shoes
  • Aug 20 Israel publishes its first medical journal "Ha-Refuah"
  • Aug 23 Mary Roberts Rinehart & Avery Roberts play "The Bat" based on Reinhart's novel "The Circular Staircase"premieres on Broadway in New York

  • Aug 24 With British approval, Greece is encouraged to take offensive action against Turkish nationalists in Asia Minor
  • Aug 25 Russia suffers a final decisive defeat in the Battle of Warsaw against Poland
  • Aug 26 Percy Fender (Surrey v Northants) scores 100 in 35 mins
  • Aug 31 Belgium starts paying old age pensions
  • Aug 31 Detroit radio station 8MK (now WWJ, 950AM) is 1st to broadcast a news program on the air
  • Sep 1 France creates Greater Lebanon
  • Sep 1 New town hall of Rotterdam opens
  • Sep 2 W Somerset Maugham's "East of Suez" premieres in London
  • Sep 4 Last day of Julian civil calendar (in parts of Bulgaria)
  • Sep 5 Iron monument unveiled at Stone churches, Flanders
  • Sep 8 US Air Mail service begins (NYC to San Francisco)
  • Sep 14 The Trial of Sacco & Vanzetti: Sacco and Vanzetti indicted for murder

USAWall Street Bombing

Sep 16 The "Wall Street bombing" occurs at 12:01 when a horse-drawn wagon explodes on Wall Street, New York, killing 38 and injuring 143

Learn More
Aftermath of the attack on Wall Street, September 16, 1920
Aftermath of the attack on Wall Street, September 16, 1920
Learn More
  • Sep 17 Cards set a record of 12 consecutive hits in 4th (10) & 5th (2) innings
  • Sep 20 Foundation of the Spanish Legion.
  • Sep 23 Alexander Millerand elected president of France
  • Sep 23 Despite Japanese protests, China withdraws recognition of Tsarists representatives in China
  • Sep 25 Vern Bradburn of Winnipeg Victorias kicks 9 singles in a game
  • Sep 28 Dirk Fock appointed as governor-general of Dutch East Indies
  • Sep 29 Belgium annexes Eupen/Malmö dy
  • Sep 29 Joseph Horne Company in Pittsburgh sells radios for $10
  • Sep 30 Time Square Theater opens at 217 W 42nd St NYC
  • Oct 1 Dutch law provides for an 8 hour working day
  • Oct 1 Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.
  • Oct 2 The Chinese sign an agreement with the Russo-Asiatic Bank, largely French and Russian controlled, which will oversee the Chinese Eastern Railway, but give local supervision to China
  • Oct 10 Italy annexes South Tirol (Alto Adige)
  • Oct 12 Construction begins on Holland Tunnel connecting NJ & NYC
  • Oct 12 Man O'War's last race & win
  • Oct 14 Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
  • Oct 20 "1st Year" with Frank Craven premieres in NYC
  • Oct 23 African demonstrators shot in Port Elizabeth, South Africa
  • Oct 27 League of Nations moves headquarters in Geneva
  • Oct 27 Westinghouse radio station in East Pittsburgh, KDKA is granted a Limited Commercial license by the Department of Commerce
  • Oct 30 The Communist Party of Australia is founded in Sydney.
  • Oct 31 Romania annexes Bessarabia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 1 Eugene O'Neill's "Emperor Jones" premieres in NYC

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Playwright
Eugene O'Neill

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

Nov 2 Warren G. Harding is elected President of the United States, defeating Democrat candidate James M. Cox

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • Nov 2 Westinghouse radio station in East Pittsburgh, KDKA begins broadcasting, with presidential and local election returns
  • Nov 8 Rupert Bear by illustrator Mary Tourtel first appears in the Daily Express newspaper in the UK

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 10 George Bernard Shaw's "Heartbreak House" premieres in NYC

  • Nov 11 Great Britain's monument to her war dead, the Cenotaph in Whitehall, designed by Edwin Lutyens, unveiled
  • Nov 11 The burials of unknown soldiers take place simultaneously in Westminster Abbey, London, and at the Arc de Triomphe, Paris
  • Nov 12 The Dalmatian coast between Italy and Yugoslavia is ceded to Yugoslavia
  • Nov 13 Hudson River freezes at Albany
  • Nov 14 American Pro Football League's Chic Tiger Joe Guyon punts 95 yards
  • Nov 14 The Russian Bolshevik army occupies Sebastopol, ending anti-communist attempts to regain the government of Russia
  • Nov 15 Ernst Toller's "Massen und Menschen" premieres in Nuremberg
  • Nov 15 Free City of Danzig forms under League of Nations protection
  • Nov 15 League of Nations holds first meeting in Geneva
  • Nov 16 Australia's Qantas airways founded in Winton, Queensland as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited
  • Nov 16 1st postage stamp meter is set in Stamford Conn
  • Nov 18 Apollo Theater (Academy, Bryant) opens at 221 W 42nd St NYC
  • Nov 21 Karel Čapek's "Vec Makropulos" premieres in Prague

Event of interestEvent of Interest

Nov 21 Mussolini's squad begins terror, 11 die in Bologna, Italy

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Nov 25 1st Thanksgiving Parade (Philadelphia)
  • Nov 25 WTAW of College Station, Tx, broadcast 1st football play-by-play
  • Nov 28 Kilmichael Ambush, Battle of the Irish War of Independence.
  • Dec 3 Turkey & Armenia agree to peace treaty
  • Dec 4 1st Pro football playoff game Buffalo-7, Canton-3 at Polo Grounds, NYC
  • Dec 5 Pro football playoff game Akron & Buffalo 0-0 tie, title undecided
  • Dec 5 Dimitrios Rallis forms a government in Greece.
  • Dec 7 NSW make 802 against South Australia, then Mailey takes 8-81
  • Dec 7 USPD-KPD parties merge into Vereinigte Communist Party of Germany

Nobel prizeNobel Prize

Dec 10 August Krogh is awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the regulation mechanisms of capillaries in skeletal muscle

Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate August Krogh
Zoophysiologist and Nobel Laureate
August Krogh

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 101 - 200 of 318

  • Apr 5 Barend Biesheuvel, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1971-73), born in Haarlemmerliede, Netherlands (d. 2001)
  • Apr 5 Rafiq Zakaria, Indian politician and Islamic religious cleric, born in Nala Sopara, British India (d. 2005)
  • Apr 6 Bernard Carter, British painter and etcher
  • Apr 7 Terence Armstrong, British polar geographer (d. 1996)
  • Apr 9 David Walker, Professor of Law (Glasgow University)
  • Apr 11 Marlen Haushofer, Austrian writer (The Wall), born in Frauenstein, Austria (d. 1970)
  • Apr 11 Emilio Colombo, Italian Prime Minister (1970-72), born in Potenza, Basilicata (d. 2013)
  • Apr 12 H R Hewitt, CEO (Johnson Matthey)
  • Apr 12 Robert Fizdale, American pianist (Misia), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1995)
  • Apr 13 Liam Cosgrave, Irish politician (Fine Gael Party), born in Castleknock, Dublin (d. 2017)
  • Apr 13 Roberto Calvi, Italian banker and director (Banco Ambrosiano), born in Milan, Italy (d. 1982)
  • Apr 13 Claude Cheysson, French politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), born in Paris (d. 2012)
  • Apr 15 Richard von Weizsacker, German politician and 1st president of reunited Germany (1990-94), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 2015)
  • Apr 15 Thomas Szasz, Hungarian-American psychiatrist (The Myth of Mental Illness, The Manufacture of Madness), born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 2012)
  • Apr 16 John William Farr, bank robber (FBI Most Wanted List), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • Apr 16 Kees Scherer, Dutch photographer (World Press Photo), born in Amsterdam (d. 1993)
  • Apr 17 Bengt Anderberg, Swedish poet and writer (Kain), born in Gothenburg, Sweden (d. 2008)
  • Apr 17 Joan Warburton, Scottish painter, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Apr 18 Walter Clegg, British politician (C), born in Bury, Lancashire (d. 1994)
  • Apr 20 John Paul Stevens, American lawyer and 103rd Supreme Court Justice (1975-2010), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2019)
  • Apr 20 Ronald Speirs, American Army officer (CO of Easy Company), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 2007)
  • Apr 22 Jos de Haes, Flemish philological and poet (Misery of the Word), born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1974)
  • Apr 23 Eric Yarrow, British businessman, CEO (Clydesdale Bank), born in Frensham, Surrey
  • Apr 27 Edwin Morgan, Scottish poet (At Eighty), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 2010)
  • Apr 27 Mark Krasnosel'skii, Russian-Ukrainian mathematician (nonlinear functional analysis), born in Starokostiantyniv, Ukraine (d. 1997)
  • Apr 30 Tom Moore, English Captain knighted for raising £32 million for the NHS, born in Keighley, England (d. 2021)
  • May 2 Otto Buchsbaum, Austrian writer and ecological activist, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2000)
  • May 5 Hidalgo Moya, American architect and designer (Skylon), born in Los Gatos, California (d. 1994)
  • May 8 Maurice Cranston, English philosopher and political scientist (John Locke biographies), born in Harringay, England (d. 1993)
  • May 8 Sloan Wilson, novelist (Man in the Gray Flannal, born in Norwalk, Connecticut
  • May 8 Tom of Finland [Touko Laaksonen], Finnish fetish artist, born in Helsinki (d. 1991)
  • May 9 Richard Adams, English author (Watership Down), born in Newbury (d. 2016)
  • May 9 William Tenn, American author
  • May 10 Basil Kelly, Lord Justice of Appeals (Northern Ireland)
  • May 13 Ratu Kasmisere Mara, Prime Minister of Fiji (1960-70, 70- )/pres (1994- )
  • May 15 Hugh Henry Home Popham, aviator/writer/poet
  • May 17 Harriet Van Horne, columnist/panelist (Leave it to Girls), born in Syracuse, New York

Person of interestJohn Paul II

May 18 Pope Saint John Paul II [Karol Wojtyla], 264th Roman Catholic Pope (1978-2005), born in Wadowice, Poland (d. 2005)

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • May 19 Tina Strobos, Netherlands, physician and resistor to Nazi occupation, (d. 2012)
  • May 20 John Cruickshank, banker
  • May 20 William Simpson, British trade union leader
  • May 22 Hugh Armstrong Clegg, English industrial relations academic, born in Truro, England (d. 1995)
  • May 22 Thomas Gold, Austrian astrophysicist (proposed steady-state theory of universe), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2004)
  • May 27 Michael Webster, CEO (DRG)
  • May 27 William Crawshay, Lord-Lt of Gwent
  • May 29 Robin Haydon, British diplomat, born in Wandsworth, England (d. 1999)
  • Jun 2 Michael James O'Hehir, commentator/journalist
  • Jun 2 Marcel Reich-Ranicki, Polish-born cr
  • Jun 2 Frank G. Clement, Governor of Tennessee (d. 1969)
  • Jun 3 Lord Brandon of Oakbrook, Lord of appeal (Ordinary)
  • Jun 4 Russell E. Train, American environmentalist and administrator (EPA, WWF), born in Jamestown, Rhode Island (d. 2012)
  • Jun 5 Cornelius Ryan, Irish war reporter and historian (Bridge too Far), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1974)
  • Jun 7 Georges Marchais, French political leader (French Communist Party), born in La Hoguette, France (d. 1997)
  • Jun 8 Bert Leysen, Belgian TV director (Belgian National TV), born in Balen, Belgium (d. 1959)
  • Jun 8 Gwen Harwood, Australian poet (The Lion's Bride), born in Taringa, Brisbane, Australia (d. 1995)
  • Jun 9 June Braybrooke [Isobel English], English writer (Every Eye), born in London, England (d. 1994)
  • Jun 11 Bir Bikram Shah Deva Mahendra, King of Nepal (1955-72), born in Narayanhity Royal Palace, Kathmandu, Kingdom of Nepal (d. 1972)
  • Jun 11 Irving Howe, American writer and critic (World of Our Fathers), born in NYC, New York (d. 1993)
  • Jun 12 Dave Berg, American cartoonist (The Lighter Side of...), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2002)
  • Jun 12 William Woodward Jr., American businessman and horse breeder (Hanover National Bank), born in Oyster Bay, New York (d. 1955)
  • Jun 15 Amy Clampitt, American poet (The Kingfisher), born in Iowa (d. 1994)
  • Jun 15 George Ernest Leslie, Scottish trade union official, born in Leith, Scotland (d. 1996)
  • Jun 16 John Howard Griffin, American photographer, journalist and author (Black Like Me), born in Dallas, Texas (d. 1980)
  • Jun 16 Raymond U. Lemieux, Canadian scientist (d. 2002)
  • Jun 16 José López Portillo, President of Mexico (d. 2004)
  • Jun 17 François Jacob, French biologist and bacteriologist (Nobel 1965), born in Nancy, France (d. 2013)
  • Jun 17 Patrick Duffy, British politician (L), born in Wigan, Lancashire
  • Jun 17 Jacob H. Gilbert, American politician (US Representative 1960-1971), born in The Bronx, NYC, New York (d. 1981)
  • Jun 18 Aster Berkhof [Louis Van de Bergh], Flemish writer (Furious Christ)
  • Jun 20 Haydn Tudor Evans, British high court judge, born in Cardiff (d. 2012)
  • Jun 21 Helen Cattanach, British Army Nursing Service (QARANC), born in Knockando, Morayshire, Scotland (d.1994)
  • Jun 24 James Eric Storrar, fighter Pilot
  • Jun 26 Michael Eastham, Judge of the High Court of Justice Family Division 1978-93 (d. 1993)
  • Jun 28 A. E. Hotchner, American editor, novelist and playwright, born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • Jun 29 Ray Harryhausen, American movie special effect artist (Clash of Titans), born in Los Angeles, California (d. 2013)
  • Jun 30 Sam Moskowitz, American writer and historian of science fiction, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1997)
  • Jul 2 Eliseo Diego, latin American poet
  • Jul 3 Louise Allbritton, American actress (The Egg and I, Stage Door, Got a Secret), born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma (d. 1979)
  • Jul 4 Leona Helmsley, American real estate billionaire convicted of federal income tax evasion, born in Marbletown, New York (d. 2007)
  • Jul 5 Mary Louise Hancock, American politician and activist, born in Franklin, New Hampshire (d. 2017)
  • Jul 8 Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish toy manufacturer (Lego Group) (d. 1995)
  • Jul 10 Owen Chamberlain, American physicist (antiproton, Nobel-1959), born in San Francisco, California (d. 2006)
  • Jul 12 Honoré Desmond Sharrer, American artist (Tribute to the American Working People), born in West Point, New York (d. 2009)

Person of interestPierre Berton

Jul 12 Pierre Berton, Canadian author (War of 1812), born in Whitehorse, Yukon (d. 2004)

  • Jul 13 Hans Blumenberg, philosopher
  • Jul 15 Eldon Rudd, (Rep-R-AZ, 1977- )
  • Jul 15 Ruthven Wade, British Air Chief marshal

Person of interestGordon Gould

Jul 17 Gordon Gould, American physicist (inventor of the laser), born in NYC, New York (d. 2005)

Physicist Gordon Gould
Physicist
Gordon Gould
  • Jul 20 Elliot L Richardson, Attorney General (1973)/Sec of Defense (1973)
  • Jul 20 Jack Harman, British general
  • Jul 20 Jeffrey Petersen, British diplomat
  • Jul 21 Constantly Nieuwenhuys, Dutch painter (Uprising of Homo Ludens), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 2005)
  • Jul 22 Hugh Dundas, fighter pilot/businessman
  • Jul 22 Malcolm Hughes, British artist, born in Manchester, England (d. 1997)
  • Jul 23 Marcel Maeyer, Belgian sculptor and graphic artist, born in Sint-Niklaas, Belgium
  • Jul 24 Alexander H. Cohen, Broadway producer (Beyond the Fringe), born in NYC, New York (d. 2000)
  • Jul 24 Bella Abzug "Battling Bella", American politician, feminist and activist (Rep-D-NY, 1970-74), born in New York City (d. 1998)

Person of interestRosalind Franklin

Jul 25 Rosalind Franklin, English chemist and co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, born in London (d. 1958)

Chemist and Molecular Biologist Rosalind Franklin
Chemist and Molecular Biologist
Rosalind Franklin
  • Jul 27 James Munn, Scottish educationalist and commissioner (British University) (d. 2009)
  • Jul 29 Neville Jeffress, Australian founder of Media Monitors Australia (d. 2007)

Weddings in History


Deaths in History